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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 08, 1977

    Letter from J.S. Wall to Bryan Cartledge, 'South African Nuclear Intentions'

    J.S. Wall of the UK Foreign and Commonweath Office reports on a conversation with David Aaron of the US National Security Council on concerns about South Africa's possible nuclear testing facility in the Kalahari desert.

  • September 10, 1977

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Meeting with Mengistu

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, memorandum of meeting with Mengistu with heads of diplomatic missions for the European socialist countries regarding the "imperialist" plot on the part of the US and other countries to overthrow the Ethiopian government

  • September 12, 1977

    Bulgarian Politburo Decision on Coordination of Trade Policy with China

    The Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) decides to foster collaboration between the Ministries of Foreign Trade and Foreign Affairs on issues concerning Bulgarian-Chinese trade relations.

  • September 13, 1977

    Memorandum from C.L.G. Mallaby of the UK Arms Control and Disarmament Department, 'South Africa and the Non-Proliferation Treat'

    Mallaby outlines the UK position on South African accession to the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • September 14, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov and Ethiopian Foreign Minister Feleke Gedle-Giorgis

    Ratanov and Giorgis discuss the reactions of various countries to the news of the Ethiopian Revolution. They also talk about the war going on with Somalia and various other events going on in the Horn of Africa.

  • September 15, 1977

    State Department telegram 222114 to U.S. Embassy Paris, 'Nuclear Suppliers Meeting'

    This document reflects that while full-scope safeguards had wide support in the group, both the French and the West German remained opposed. The Carter administration tried to persuade the French but they were worried about being "isolated" in the group and talked about withdrawing or opposing further meetings because the NSG had “fully achieved” its objectives. Washington persuaded Paris not to withdraw, but the group’s future was plainly uncertain.

  • September 19, 1977

    Telegram from South African Embassy in Washington to the Department of Foreign Affairs Summarizing a Washington Star Newspaper Article on 'South Africa and the Bomb'

    Summary of Washington Star newspaper article on Carter administration concerns that South Africa was developing nuclear weapons.

  • September 21, 1977

    Telegram 066734 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    In a telegram to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang confirms the date of the East German visit to the DPRK led by Erich Honecker.

  • September 21, 1977

    Letter from C.L.G. Mallaby of the UK Arms Control and Disarmament Department to H.M.S. Reid, 'South African Nuclear Intentions: the Kalahari Facility'

    Mallaby reports on a conversation at the Nuclear Suppliers Meeting with the US Deputy Under-Secretary for Security Assistance, Nye, on whether the US would raise the issue of South Africa's Kalahari nuclear testing facility. The US assumption was that the South Africans intended to "be on the brink of having a nuclear weapons capability" in order to "moderate Western diplomatic pressure on her about racial and other issues."

  • September 22, 1977

    Letter from H.M.S. Reid to Mr. Mallaby, 'South African Nuclear Intentions: the Kalahari Facility'

    In response to Mallaby's letter, Reid dismisses the American explanation for the South African Kalahari nuclear testing facility. He believes that the South Africans "feel increasingly threatened and foresee a possible need to use nuclear weapons in their own defence if it should come to that."

  • September 23, 1977

    Jorge Risquet to Fidel Castro

    Jorge Risquet was the head of the Cuban Civilian Mission in Angola.

  • September 23, 1977

    Notes on Meetings held in the Great Hall of the People in Peking, on 3 and 4 August 1977 at 3 PM

    Huang Hua, commenting on a number of developments around the world, suggests that China's foreign policy continues to emulate the thinking and concerns of Mao Zedong.

  • September 23, 1977

    State Department telegram 229507 to U.S. Embassy London et al., 'Nuclear Suppliers Meeting – Assessment'

    This document describes the progress made up to that point and the various concerns of countries within the group regarding the scale of safeguards, particularly from the French and Germans. The NSG also agreed to make the guidelines available to the IAEA so that it could publish them. The State Department had been reluctant to publish them, not least because they did not include full scope safeguards, but overriding that was an interest in dispelling Third World concerns about a “secret cartel.”

  • September 23, 1977

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko and President Carter

  • September 24, 1977

    Telegram 066738 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Heo Dam's planned visit to New York, possibly to counter South Korea's diplomatic efforts there. It also notes speculation on a change in US position towards the DPRK, which the Romanian Embassy finds unfounded.

  • September 29, 1977

    One Hundred and Ninety-Eighth Plenary Meeting of the Twenty First International Atomic Energy Agency General Conference in Vienna (Statement by South African Rep. to the IAEA von Schirnding)

    Record of the 198th Plenary Meeting of the 21st International Atomic Energy Agency General Conference held in Vienna, including a statement by South African Representative to the IAEA, von Schirnding. Von Schirnding discusses the Agency's achievements and failutres over its twenty years of existence. He also discusses South Africa's own nuclear energy program, stating that the country does not intend to develop nuclear weapons.

  • September 29, 1977

    Telegram from the UK Embassy in Vienna to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, on South African Statement to the IAEA General Conference

    The UK Embassy in Vienna reports on the South African statement to the International Atomic Energy Agency General Conference denying Soviet accusations that the country was developing nuclear weapons.

  • September 29, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation with Ethiopian Foreign Secretary Dawit Wolde Giorgis, 17 September 1977

    The memorandum concerns an Operation named Torch, which the United States was supposedly planning in order to destabilize the Ethiopian regime. It involved the arming of internal opposition groups with US weapons.

  • September 29, 1977

    Discussion between Hua Guofeng and Pol Pot

  • September 29, 1977

    Attachement to the memorandum of conversation with Ethiopian Foreign Secretary Dawit Wolde Giorgis.

    Memorandum on US Operation "Fakel" [Torch], which the United States was supposedly planning in order to destabilize the Ethiopian regime. It involved the arming of internal opposition groups with US weapons. This report was attached to the memorandum of conversation with Ethiopian Foreign Secretary Dawit Wolde Giorgis.