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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 12, 1977

    Letter, Mostafa K. Tolba to Rafeeuddin Ahmed

    Mostafa K. Tolba reports on China's nuclear policies in anticipation of an upcoming visit by the Secretary-General to China.

  • July 13, 1977

    Conversation with Provisional Military Administrative Council (PMAC) Chairman Mengistu Haile Mariam

    Demonstrates Soviet willingness to provide good offices to Somalia and Ethiopia in normalizing their relationships in July 1977. Even as late as July, Moscow believed the conflict between the two states could be solved through peaceful means.

  • July 14, 1977

    Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Decision on Information about China after Mao

    This decision of the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) refers to specific measures to be undertaken by Bulgaria's ideological and propagandistic organs in publicly condemning Maoism as an ideology contrary to the theory and practice of Socialism and Marxism-Leninism. Among these measures are the commissioning of publications, media reports, and lectures at institutions of higher education in order to excoriate Chinese foreign policy for its attacks on the Soviet Union and the other European Socialist countries.

  • July 17, 1977

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.N. Ratanov and Cuban military official Arnaldo Ochoa

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.N. Ratanov and Cuban military official Arnaldo Ochoa concerning the situation in Ethiopia and the recent losses of objectives in Eritrea by the Ethiopians as well as possible means to strenghten the Ethiopian army

  • July 19, 1977

    Telegram 066678 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, US Helicopter Incident on July 14

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the remarkably balanced DPRK coverage of the US helicopter incident of July 14. The Romanian Embassy interprets this as a reflection of North Korea's desire to initiate dialogue with the US.

  • July 26, 1977

    US Presidential Memorandum, Jimmy Carter Administration, Talks between North Korea and South Korea

    The Jimmy Carter administration attempts to develop a diplomatic strategy for inter-Korean talks in the wake of anticipated U.S. troop withdrawals.

  • July 29, 1977

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov and Mengistu

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov and Mengistu regarding Soviet support for Ethiopia and the consequent strain in Soviet-Somali relations

  • July 30, 1977

    Telegram 066688 the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the DPRK's concern over US-ROK agreements and the US's insistence on maintaining military balance on the Korean peninsula through a gradual withdrawal.

  • July 30, 1977

    Memorandum from Ambassador-at-Large and Special Representative for Non-Proliferation Matters Gerard C. Smith, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Richard Holbrooke, and Deputy Under Secretary of State for Security Assistan

    The memorandum describes President Carter's comrpomise with Japanese Prime Miniter Fukusa on starting up the Tokai Mura reprocessing plant under one of the State Department's three options.

  • July 31, 1977

    Telegram 066691 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that the DPRK government does not intend to contact Cyrus Vance during his visit to Beijing.

  • August, 1977

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, Office of Scientific Intelligence, 'South African Uranium Enrichment Program'

    With South Africa’s status as a pariah state, its nuclear program was a thorny problem for a series of U.S. presidents. In August 1977, the Carter administration, working with the Soviet Union, lodged protests against South Africa’s apparent preparations for a nuclear test, forcing a shut-down of the Kalahari test site if not the entire nuclear program itself. Indeed the CIA’s analysis of South Africa’s innovative “aerodynamic” uranium enrichment plant at Valindaba brought it to the conclusion that South Africa would be able to produce enough weapons-grade uranium “to make several nuclear devices per year.”

  • August 04, 1977

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Meeting (excerpt)

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Meeting (excerpt) regarding the situation between Ethiopia and Somalia and the limited capability of the Soviet Union with regards to the situation

  • August 05, 1977

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Conversation with Mengistu

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Conversation with Mengistu regarding Ethiopian responses to Somali actions and the Soviet role in providing supplies to Ethiopia

  • August 05, 1977

    US Presidential Memorandum, Jimmy Carter Administration, Talks between North Korea and South Korea

    Zbiginew Brzezinski offers instructions on how best to coordinate tripartite talks between North Korea, South Korea, and the United States, including how the U.S. should work with China, the Soviet Union, and the United Nations on this issue.

  • August 06, 1977

    Notes on a Meeting held in the Great Hall of the People in Peking on Saturday 6 August 1977

    Hua Guofeng and Kurt Waldheim discuss China's domestic policies and foreign policies.

  • August 07, 1977

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, Memorandum of Conversation with Mengistu

    Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia A.P. Ratanov, memorandum of cnversation with Mengistu regarding Soviet support for Ethiopia and support from other nations for Somalia

  • August 09, 1977

    Telegram 085068 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on US-ROK relations and the DPRK's desire for bilateral exchange with the US, which the US administration is unwilling to engage in without North Korea's inclusion of South Korea in future interaction. The US State Department's perspective of the DPRK is also noted.

  • August 10, 1977

    Letter, Warren Christopher to William Hyland, 'Response to Soviet Message on South Africa'

    This draft reply to Leonid Brezhnev's August 1977 message to Jimmy Carter on the suspicious site in the Kalahari Desert includes a number of interesting points, among them a request for the "geographic coordinates, size, configuration, and exact nature of the facility." Presumably this information would be used by the US to better target its reconnaissance satellites on the site.

  • August 11, 1977

    CC CPSU Politburo transcript (excerpt)

    CC CPSU Politburo transcript (excerpt) discussing the Ethiopian appeal for assistance

  • August 11, 1977

    Ethiopian Aide-Memoire to Soviet Officials in Moscow

    Ethiopian aide-memoire proposing grounds to end hostilities with Somalia.