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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 07, 1979

    Draft conclusions from the discussions in Washington on December 7, 1979

    A summary of points made during U.S.-Dutch discussions related to TNF. The Dutch will not oppose NATO’s plans, but only postpone its own decision. However, the Dutch will continue to register their reservations regarding the scope of modernization. The U.S. disagrees with a Dutch proposal to link TNF modernization with SALT II ratification and states that the Dutch should refrain from critiquing TNF modernization since it is postponing its own decision on the issue.

  • December 07, 1979

    Memorandum of conversation, Prime-Minister Van Agt – President Carter (and others)

    Participants in the meeting included President Carter, Minister Vance, MP van Agt and also Min. Van der Klaauw, Zbigniew Brzezinksi, David Aaron, Tammenoms Bakker, and Merckelbach. Conversation revolves around TNF modernization and arms negotiation with the Soviet Union. Both parties discuss domestic difficulties shaping how these issues are presented and pursued.

  • December 07, 1979

    Memorandum of Conversation between Dutch Prime Minister Van Agt, Secretary Vance, NSA Brzezinski, and Minister Van der Klaauw

    Memorandum of conversation between Secretary Vance, National Security Advisor Brzezinski, Dutch Prime Minister Van Agt, and Minister Van der Klaauw. The conversation focuses on Dutch domestic sentiment toward TNF modernization and SALT II.

  • December 08, 1979

    Ministry for State Security, 'Clashes between Iraqi students in Sofia'

    Report on violence between Baathist and Communist Iraqi students in Bulgaria.

  • December 09, 1979

    Meeting with a Baath Party Member on Conflicts Between Iraqi Communists and Baathists in East Germany and Bulgaria

    Summary of a meeting with an informant from the Arab Socialist Baath Party (ASBP) about conflicts between Iraqi communists and Baath party members in East Germany and Bulgaria. The Baathists feel Bulgarian authorities are siding unfairly with the Iraq Communist Party and are planning sanctions in response.

  • December 10, 1979

    Summary of a meeting on Afghanistan

    A meeting between CC CPSU officials demonstrates the disagreement over Soviet involvement in Afghanistan.

  • December 10, 1979

    Major points from the discussions in Brussels, Rome, London, Washington, Bonn

    An outline of key points made in each of several meetings over a one week period. Includes the following: the Netherlands and Belgium will try to decide as late and as simultaneously as possible on TNF modernization; Italy will try to help the Dutch influence FRG and U.S. positions; U.K. is committed to helping Dutch cabinet remain intact; FRG does not oppose the Dutch move to delay their decision but also believes Netherlands should not try to block NATO decision-making.

  • December 10, 1979

    Memorandum DEM/132 by Luiz Augusto de Castro Neves, Deputy Chief of Energy and Mineral Resources, for the Head of the Department of Economy, 'Possible Brazil-Argentina Nuclear Cooperation'

    The document highlights the possibilities and advantages of a nuclear cooperation agreement between Buenos Aires and Brasília, particularly after the dispute over the Itaipu dam and the visit of the president of CNEA, Castro Madero, to Brazil. In the last two pages of the document, the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Relations, João Clemente Baena Soares, Foreign Minister Saraiva Guerreiro and President Figueiredo react positively and they agree to invite Admiral Castro Madero to visit Brazil and to deepen the negotiations on nuclear cooperation.

  • December 11, 1979

    Minutes of the meeting of the National Directorate of the Socialist Party

    These are the minutes of the meeting of the National Directorate of the Socialist Party. During this meeting the decision was made to accept the deployment and vote for it in the Parliamentary debate, even if the PSI was not part of the government yet. The minutes contain a long presentation by the future Defense Minister, Lelio Lagorio, which explains the strategic rationale behind the deployment. A lively debate follows, during which Craxi and Lagorio steer the Central Committee towards accepting the deployment.

  • December 11, 1979

    Result deliberations Belgian core-cabinet

    Information obtained by the Dutch government regarding Belgian discussions on the modernization of NATO’s intermediate nuclear weapons. The Belgian cabinet agrees that TNF should be linked with arms negotiations, with a reevalutation of progress every 6 months used to direct modernization, in order to guarantee the lowest possible level of military balancing.

  • December 12, 1979

    CC CPSU Politburo Resolution # 176/125, Concerning the Situation in "A" [Afghanistan]

    The decree is on the situation in Afghanistan.

  • December 13, 1979

    Cable, South Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs to All Overseas Mission Chiefs, 'Emergency Situation (No. 29)' (Draft)

    A telegram asking overseas mission chiefs to collect foreign responses regarding the arrest incident of Army Chief of Staff Jeong Seung-hwa, Martial Law Commander.

  • December 13, 1979

    Cable, South Korean Ambassador to the U.S.to the South Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'The Statement by Assistant Secretary Christopher'

    A telegram regarding the case of WUS-1284 and U.S. Assistant Secretary Christopher's response to media reporters about the December 12 Incident.

  • December 13, 1979

    Cable, South Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs to All Overseas Mission Chiefs, 'Emergency Situation (No. 29)'

    A telegram ordering all Overseas Mission Chiefs to report domestic responses of the arrest incident of Army Chief of Staff Jeong Seung-hwa.

  • December 13, 1979

    Special Statement by the Minister of National Defense

    A special statement issued by the Minister of National Defense of South Korea, regarding the investigation of Chief of Staff Jeong Seung-hwa following President Park Chung Hee's assasination.

  • December 13, 1979

    Violence Between Baathist and Communist Iraqi Students in Bulgaria

    In December 1979, the Bulgarian Intelligence Service reports to Berlin on a tense series of situations regarding Arab students studying in Sofia. After several fights break out between Ba'athist and communist students, resulting in many severe injuries, the nation of Iraq decides to recall a large number of its students studying in Bulgaria.

  • December 13, 1979

    Cable, South Korean Ambassador to the U.S. to the South Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs 'Meeting with Assistant Secretary Holbrooke'

    A summary of meeting with Assistant Secretary Holbrooke regarding the December 12th incident. Holbrooke asks for direct communication between the US and South Korean officials, while discussing the possibility of North Korean invasion and media coverage of this issue.

  • December 15, 1979

    Violence Among Iraqi Students Studying in Hungary and Poland

    In November of 1979, the Collegiate of the International Preparatory Institute in Budapest in the People's Republic of Hungary reports fighting between to Iraqi students. This trend of violence with Ba'athist Iraqi students spread to the GDR and Poland as well, forcing the nations to take drastic measures. In Hungary, the Ministry of Education even instructs all universities and colleges in Budapest to not provide any rooms for events and assemblies to foreign students.

  • December 18, 1979

    Report submitted by General Wang Sheng (Director of the General Political Warfare Department, Ministry of National Defense, Taiwan) to President Chiang Ching-kuo regarding General Wang’s visit to the Philippines, 18 December 1979

    General Sheng Wang briefs President Chiang Ching-kuo on his conversation with President Fernand Marcos on Taiwan-Philippines cooperation against China.

  • December 19, 1979

    Letter by the Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, to President of Romania, Ceausescu

    A letter from Willy Brandt to Nicolae Ceausescu. He offers congratulations for Ceausescu's recent reelection and addresses the topic of arms control.