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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • October 31, 1988

    Report on Prime Minister Károly Grósz’s official visit to Iran between 25 and 27 October 1988

    This report by the Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs describes Prime Minister Károly Grósz’s visit to Iran in 1988, during which Iranian officials expressed their distrust of the Soviet Union and sought to reinforce positive relations with Hungary.

  • November, 1988

    Memorandum by Soviet First Deputy Foreign Minister Yuli Vorontsov, General Valentin Varennikov, V. Zaitsev, V. Yegorov, November 1988 (Excerpt)

    Report on the degrading political and military situation in Afghanistan.

  • November 02, 1988

    Jorge Risquet to Fidel Castro

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola.

  • November 10, 1988

    Ciphered Telegram No. 320, Embassy of Hungary in India to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Short report on plans for Mikhail Gorbachev's visit to India. The Soviet Union may offer more advanced military supplies to India. Talks are already underway for Soviet assistance to India's nuclear energy industry.

  • November 25, 1988

    Ciphered Telegram No. 333, Embassy of Hungary in India to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report on Soviet-Indian relations based on conversations with the Indian Foreign Minister and other officials. Gorbachev's visit to India resulted in the signing of several agreements, yet there are concerns in India about the direction of Soviet foreign policy. The two countries disagree about policy towards China, Afghanistan, and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • December, 1988

    CIA Intelligence Assessment, 'Gorbachev’s September Housecleaning: An Early Evaluation'

    An intelligence analysis from the CIA covering recent changes to the Soviet Union's state structure and leadership reorganization, legal reforms, economic resource allocation, foreign policy etc. under Gorbachev's more powerful position.

  • December 07, 1988

    Address by Mikhail Gorbachev at the UN General Assembly Session (Excerpts)

    Excerpts from an address by Gorbachev at the 43rd United Nations General Assembly Session. Gorbachev announced major cuts to the Soviet military presence in Eastern Europe and along the Chinese border.

  • December 10, 1988

    Excerpts from the Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev

    Chernyaev's diary entry on the worsening situation in the Baltics and implications for the state of the Soviet Union.

  • December 13, 1988

    Letter from V. Cherbikov to Gen. D. Stoyanov Regarding Glen Souther – a KGB agent

  • December 17, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and José Eduardo dos Santos

    José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • December 20, 1988

    Basic Contents of the Meeting of the Working Group on Peace Treaty Issues, Tokyo

    Basic contents of the meeting of the working group on peace treaty issues, Tokyo, regarding the Kurile and Sakhalin islands and territorial disputes

  • December 26, 1988

    Letter from Ahmad Shah Masoud to the Soviet Chief Military Adviser

    This document is a letter from Ahmad Shah Masoud his attitude toward the Soviet's military involvement in Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1988

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU CC), (Excerpts)

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU CC), (Excerpts) regarding the change of presidency from Reagan to Bush, defense issues and international opinion of the imminent collapse of the Soviet Union

  • 1989

    Note by Lech Walesa Regarding Further Procedure of Talks

    Note by Lech Walesa regarding further procedure of talks including questions of size of groups and representation for the Roundtable talks as well as a proposal for an agenda for the working groups

  • January 01, 1989

    A January 1989 USSR Council of Ministers Instruction

    A decision authorizing military aid, totaling 6 million Soviet rubles.

  • January, 1989

    Najibullah Assessment of the 'Ahmad Shah Problem'

    Najibullah assesses the threat posed by opposition leader Ahmad Shah Masoud.

  • 1989

    Defense Intelligence Agency Briefing, 'The 1987-88 Combat in Southern Angola: Lessons Learned'

    Analysis of the military campaign waged in Southern Angola in 1987-88 as well as the lessons learned from this exchange. Document indicates that FAPLA failed to learn from its mistakes, while UNITA adapted much more effectively to the combat environment it faced in Angola. Although FAPLA managed to hold on to Cuito Cuanavale, its large losses led to a Cuban build-up in Southern Angola, which challenged the existing military balance in the region. This provided new impetus to peace negotiations and resulted in the December 1988 Accords among South Africa, Angola and Cuba.

  • 1989

    Meeting between Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Execution of British Journalist Farzad Bazoft, Modifications to Iraq's Constitution, and an Israeli Attack on Iraq's Nuclear Reactor

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and his officials to discuss changes to the Iraqi constitution. Also includes discussion about British Journalist Farzad Bazoft who was arrested as an Iranian spy working for Israel and Britain.

  • January 13, 1989

    Letter from G. Tanev to P. Mladenov with Information on New George Bush Administration

  • January 14, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze and Najibullah and other Afghan Leaders on 13-14 January 1989 (Excerpt)

    Shevardnadze, Najibullah and others discuss the possibility of Soviet forces providing security for vital cargo deliveries along the Hairaton-Kabul highway, which passes through territory controlled by Ahmad Shah Masoud's forces.