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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • July 14, 1987

    Memorandum of the Meeting between the National Olympic Committees of the Two Koreas and the International Olympic Committee, Lausanne, 14-15 July 1987

    An official meeting between the Olympic Committees of North and South Korea, joined by the IOC President Samaranch and delegates. The group discusses issues of which sporting events North Korea would be able to organize at the upcoming 1988 Summer Olympics, where would opening and closing ceremonies occur and the appreciation both sides felt for the efforts of the IOC to work out the variety of issues between North and South Korea.

  • July 15, 1987

    Meeting between the Delegations of the United States and Angola, '15/7/87. Conversaciones Angolano/Norteamericanas, Luanda (10:15 am)'

    Meeting between Angolan and US delegations to the talks about the withdrawal of the Cuban troops from Angola..

  • July 15, 1987

    Angolan Delegation, Memoranudm, 'Proposición para la apertura por los angolanos de la sesión del miércoles'

    Memo by the Angolan delegation to the US delegation during talks about the withdrawal of the Cuban troops from Angola.

  • July 15, 1987

    Meeting between the Delegations of the United States and Angola, 'Continuación conversaciones EE.UU. - RPA. 15/7/87 (17:00)'

    Meeting between Angolan and US delegations to the talks about the withdrawal of the Cuban troops from Angola.

  • July 15, 1987

    Department of State, Memorandum from Ted Borek to Mr. Peck [et al.], 'Letter to Justice on Pakistan Export Case'

    This draft of a State Department letter to the Justice Department, that was presumably sent soon thereafter, supported prosecution of Pervez to the “fullest extent of the law.”

  • July 16, 1987

    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Memorandum from Norman Wulf, Director to the Director, 'Solarz Amendment Applicability to the Pakistani Procurement Case'

    ACDA official Norman Wulf saw a good case, with the information supporting positive answers to basic questions: would the maraging steel to be used for nuclear weapons manufacture, was the Pakistani national working on behalf of his government, would the steel “contribute significantly” to a capability to manufacture a nuclear explosive, and was there an “attempted illegal export”?

  • July 20, 1987

    Department of State, Memorandum from Ted Borek to Mr. Peck [et al.], 'Solarz Amendment: Legal Memorandum for Mr. Armacost'

    The Pervez case immediately raised questions among State Department lawyers about the relevance of the Solarz amendment. A final answer depended on more evidence; the lawyers wanted to see the many documents that Canadian authorities had impounded as well as the tape recordings of Pervez’s conversations with U.S. undercover agents.

  • July 20, 1987

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan Cde. Najib (Excerpt)

    Najibullah and Gorbachev discuss the implementation of a policy of "national reconciliation" and political settlement in preparation for Soviet troops withdrawal from Afghanistan.

  • July 23, 1987

    US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Memorandum from Kenneth Adelman for the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, 'The Pakistani Procurement Cases'

    With Pakistan already violating the “red line” on uranium enrichment, Adelman believed that without a display of resolve “presidential credibility” would be further damaged; that required cutting off aid under the Solarz amendment.

  • July 24, 1987

    Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Briefing Memorandum from Anthony Salvia to the Director, 'HFAC Asia Subcommittee Hearing on Pakistan'

    A hearing by the House subcommittee on International Economic Policy and Trade on 22 July 1987 made it clear why administration officials worried about the implications of the Pervez case. With Congressman Solarz arguing that the arrest involved “a flagrant and provocative challenge to US nonproliferation objectives.”

  • July 26, 1987

    Department of State, 'Classified Congressional Briefing on Pakistani Clandestine Nuclear-Related Procurement'

    These are the State Department’s talking points for use with Congress. While ACDA officials were fairly certain that a violation of the Solarz amendment had occurred, the State Department did not want to assume anything until it had reviewed the evidence.

  • July 28, 1987

    Department of State, Draft Telegram to Embassy Athens [et al.], 'Pakistani Circumvention of Nuclear Export Controls'

    This telegram included information that US embassies were to share with foreign governments to help them tighten up their export controls of steel tubes.

  • July 28, 1987

    US District Court, 'Indictment: US of America Vs. Arshad Pervez and Inam Ul-Haq'

    The indictment against Pervez and Ul-Haq included charges of conspiracy, bribery, racketeering, export violations, and false statements.

  • July 30, 1987

    Embassy Islamabad telegram 16052 to Department of State, 'Pervez Nuclear Arrest Case—July 23 Statement by MFA Spokesman Gives Greater Emphasis to Conspiracy'

    Only a few weeks after Pervez’s arrest, Under Secretary of State Armacost traveled to Pakistan for wide ranging discussions with General Zia, but with a special focus on nuclear procurement and the uranium enrichment program.

  • July 30, 1987

    'Programme Olympic: Corroborative Notes Following the Briefing of the Minister of Defence in Cape Town on 27 July 1987'

  • July 31, 1987

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and José Eduardo dos Santos

    José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • August, 1987

    Memorandum, Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Memo discussing India's nuclear ambitions and position in Asia, especially in relation to China and Pakistan.

  • August, 1987

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in August 1987 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • August 03, 1987

    Embassy Islamabad Telegram 16294 to Department of State, 'First Day in Islamabad—August 2'

    Armacost reported to Secretary Shultz, “I emphasized the need for immediate practical steps to demonstrate to an aroused Congress and a skeptical administration that no further illegal procurement activities would take place and that we had verifiable assurances there would be no further enrichment of weapons-grade uranium.”

  • August 05, 1987

    Embassy Islamabad Telegram 16556 to Department of State, 'Under Secretary Armacost Meeting with Zia'

    Zia argued that Washington was trying to “get one Pakistani in order to hang the entire government.”