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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 21, 1990

    Letter from Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR, M. Moiseyev to L.H. Zaikov, 21 March 1990.

    The letter concerns Afghanistan and arms sales.

  • April 05, 1990

    CPSU CC Protocol #184/38, 05 April 1990

    This document concerns the meeting of the Politburo on the international division of the CPSU CC.

  • April 10, 1990

    Department of State, Memorandum from Abraham Sofaer to Mr. Kimmit, 'Pakistan Nuclear-Final Resolution of Pervez Case'

    Pervez’s lawyers had mounted an entrapment defense in 1987 and a Supreme Court decision relating to that defense (Matthews vs. United States) case made it possible for Pervez to launch successfully a bid for retrial on all of the counts. After plea bargaining discussions, a trial was avoided when Pervez pleaded nolo contendere to the count of illegal export of beryllium. He was released from prison on 4 April 1990 on the basis of time served.

  • April 12, 1990

    Resolution of the Secretary of the CC CPSU, 12 April 1990

    On changes in the composition of war councils of some autonomous republics and regions of the RSFSR.

  • April 20, 1990

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs V. P. Karpov and US Secretary of State J. Baker

    Karpov and Baker discuss negotiations for reductions to strategic arms, focusing on issues with the range for air-based cruise missiles and sea-based cruise missiles.

  • May 11, 1990

    CPSU CC Protocol #187/18, 11 May 1990

    This protocol deals with military, defense, and economic matters of the Soviet Union. It also contains a report pertaining to Soviet relations with Ethiopia.

  • May 16, 1990

    CPSU CC Memo with extract of Politburo Protocol #187 of 16 May 1990 and other attachments

    Memo concerns a directive for the discussions with US Secretary of State James Baker between May 16 and 19, 1990 in Moscow. There are also attachments concerning the quantity of warheads , cooperation, and the armed forces of the US and USSR.

  • June 20, 1990

    From the Diary of Yu.V. Petrov: Report on a Conversation with Fidel Castro

    Castro discusses ways to strengthen relations between Cuba and the Soviet Union, as well as the possible normalization of relations between Cuba and the United States. They also discuss the situation in El Salvador and Nicaragua.

  • August 23, 1990

    Report, Assistant Head of the International Division of the CC CPSU, 'On the Issue of Humanitarian Aid by the US to Lithuania'

    Report describing a possible resolution in the US Congress to send humanitarian aid to Lithuania to support the movement there to separate from the Soviet Union.

  • August 23, 1990

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with President of Afghanistan Najibullah

    Gorbachev and Najibullah discuss the instability in the Soviet Union following perestroika reforms, and the comparatively quiet situation in Afghanistan following the withdrawal of Soviet troops.

  • August 24, 1990

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington, 'Outer space. Complete Brazilian spatial mission. Launching of Brazilian data gathering satellite by foreign rocket.'

    In this cable addressed to the Brazilian embassy in Washington, the Brazilian Foreign Ministry summarizes the main goals and activities of the Brazilian space program. It reports the shortage of funds and personnel that the program suffered during the 1980s and indicates that they were the main cause of delay in the development of the Brazilian space launch vehicle (SLV) in tandem with the restrictions imposed by the MTCR.

  • August 31, 1990

    Letter from South African President De Klerk to President Bush

    South African President De Klerk writes to U.S. President George H.W. Bush in reply to the latter’s 24 July, 1990 letter regarding South Africa’s accession to the NPT. The letter explicitly states South Africa’s commitment to disarmament and suggests the possibility of “declaring South Africa a nuclear weapons free zone.”

  • August 31, 1990

    From the Diary of Yu. V. Petrov, Record of a Conversation with the Deputy Chairman of the State Council and the Council of Ministers of Cuba, Carlos Rafael Rodriguez

    Record of conversation between Soviet Ambassador Petrov and Cuban Deputy Chairman Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, in regard to the Cuban trade imbalance with the Soviet Union. Rodriguez notes that Cuba would like to see a decrease in the number of Soviet officials present in the country, and argues that the USSR should be buying Cuban sugar above world market prices as the EEC does. The Soviet side responds that it is supportive of many of these ideas, but that it would take a complete restructuring of the Cuban economy to achieve these aims.

  • September 21, 1990

    Letter, V. M. Falin to M. S. Gorbachev

    Chairman of International Department V. M. Falin writes to Gorbachev about changes in the structure and organization of the Soviet political system and communist party.

  • October 03, 1990

    Bush-Kohl Telephone Conversation on the Situation in Germany

    Telephone conversation between President George H. W. Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl on the situation in Germany.

  • October 06, 1990

    Correspondence between the MIC and the Petro Chemical Group Regarding a Letter from A.Q. Khan Offering Assistance in Developing Iraq’s Nuclear Weapons Program

    Pakistani scientist 'Abd-el-Qadeer Khan offers to help Iraq establish a project to enrich Uranium and manufacture a nuclear weapon.

  • October 26, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the Chairman of the Spanish Government, Felipe González in Madrid

    Gorbachev and Gonzalez discuss the positive improvement of East-West relations and the changes happening in the Soviet republics.

  • October 29, 1990

    Record of a Conversation Between M. S. Gorbachev and President of France, F. Mitterand

    Record of conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Francois Mitterand, on the subject of Saddam Hussein and his invasion of Kuwait. Both leaders stress the importance of avoiding military conflict and the necessity of a united front for the permanent members of the UN Security Council in order to achieve this. Mitterand notes his apprehension over the US perception of UN Charter Article 51 and the possibility US initiation of hostilities.

  • November 08, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the US Secretary of State, J. Baker in Moscow

    Baker and Gorbachev discuss public opinion of the recent improvement in relations between the Soviet Union and the United States, as well as Saddam Hussein's recent invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 09, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn

    Kohl expresses concerns about Gorbachev's control over the situation in the Soviet Union and offers his support. The two then discuss the recent invasion of Kuwait by Iraq.