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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 31, 1988

    Stasi Advance Notification and Instructions to Border Organs

    An individual example of a Stasi advance notification and instructions for a Korean transiting East Germany to meet with DPRK officials.

  • June, 1988

    East German Ministry for State Security, 'On the Position of the Army in the Political System of Ethiopia

    Excerpt of a Stasi report on the Ethiopian army. This portion of the report deals with the Army’s dissatisfaction with the quality of the Soviet Union’s armaments; the East German material ponders how much of this is part of anti-Soviet sentiment, and how much is due to their professional incapacity.

  • June, 1988

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in June 1988 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • June, 1988

    Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and unidentified Iraqi diplomats. The meeting was held to revise a statement written by Saddam to be read by the Minster of Foreign Affairs regarding how the Iraqis stand respecting international law and legislation (i.e. the Geneva protocol of 1925). The second issue they discussed was the Kurdish insurgency. Saddam wanted to discuss the issue internationally with the participation of four countries. The attendees exchanged their points of view regarding the influence of such decisions (independence of the Kurds) in Turkey and Iran.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Operational Summary No. 2 for the period 0800 2 June to 1900 6 June 1988

    This document describes a Warsaw Pact military exercise known as Shield-88. The exercise addresses a theoretical scenario in which NATO forces suddenly prepare to launch an attack on Warsaw Pact territory.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Information Summary No. 1 as of 0800 2 June 1988

    This document provides a scenario in which the "Blue" governments have engaged in a campaign of increasingly hostile propaganda intended to discredit the "Red" bloc socioeconomic system. Consequently, domestic morale is low. The population has grown pessimistic and, in light of the international situation, feels emboldened to challenge the Red authorities and leaders.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 1 as of 0800 2 June 1988

    This intelligence summary describes a potential scenario in which the policy of detente in "Blue" countries begins to deteriorate and increased military exercises are conducted.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 2 for the period 0800 2 June to 1900 6 June 1988

    This document provides background information on a hypothetical political/military scenario leading up to the command staff exercise SHICHT-88 [TARCZA-88 in Polish]. In the scenario 'Blue' military leaders have begun to oppose the policy of detente pursued by their governments and consequently have raised their level of combat readiness by increasing the frequency of military exercises and pressured 'Blue' governments into ending the destruction of intermediate-range nuclear forces as required by the 1987 Treaty on Intermediate Nuclear Forces in Europe. In response the 'Reds' have also raised their combat readiness. The increased international tension has affected the situation within Poland, contributing to increased anti-government sentiment.

  • June 04, 1988

    Letter from the DPRK’s National Olympic Committee to the International Olympic Committee on Samaranch’s Proposal to Visit North Korea

    A letter from Kim Yu Sun, President of North Korea's Olympic Committee to the IOC, complaining that IOC President Samaranch did not come directly to them with an offer of visiting Pyongyang and had only done so through third parties. North Korea claimed it had invited him directly several times and had received no response. Still, North Korea expressed positive hopes about being able to sort out an agreement on co-hosting the upcoming 1988 Summer Olympics.

  • June 06, 1988

    East German Ministry of State Security, 'The Current Situation in PDRE [People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia] and the Region'

    Stasi report on the current state of Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict as of early June 1988. It concludes that in the event of Mengistu turning toward Moscow for additional arms supplies, the latter is likely to reject them in favor of a political solution to the conflict.

  • June 07, 1988

    Alejandro [Fidel Castro] to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa]

    General Arnaldo Ochoa, code-named Rubén, was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; Alejandro was Castro’s code name.

  • June 07, 1988

    Alejandro [Fidel Castro] to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa] and Polo Cintra Frías

    General Arnaldo Ochoa, code-named Rubén, was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola; Alejandro was Castro’s code name.

  • June 07, 1988

    Cuban Nota Verbale to Alexei Zaitsev, 'Nota verbal al asesor principal del MINFAR'

    General Alexei Zaitsev was the head of the Soviet Military Advisory Group in Cuba

  • June 10, 1988

    Letter from the DPRK’s National Olympic Committee to the President of the International Olympic Committee requesting a Postponement of Samaranch’s Visit to North Korea.

    A letter from the President of the DPRK's NOC, Kim Yu Sun, welcoming the President of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, to visit the DPRK in principle. However, because an agreement to co-host the 1988 Olympic Games had not yet been arranged, Kim requests that Samaranch delay his visit to the DPRK for the time being.

  • June 13, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with President of Afghanistan, General Secretary of the CC PDPA Najibullah

    Gorbachev and Najibullah discuss perestroika and the reforms taking place in the Soviet Union, and the ongoing withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

  • June 15, 1988

    Letter from the DPRK National Olympic Committee to International Olympic Committee (IOC) President requesting Clarification on the Comments made by IOC during a Press Conference in Barcelona

    Letter from the President of the DPRK's NOC, Kim Yu Sun, to the President of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, complaining about Samaranch's most recent press conference held in Barcelona.

  • June 15, 1988

    Report from A.A. Jaquet to SRA, 'Current State of Negotiations between South Africa and Angola'

    Description of the state of Angolan-South African affairs. Discusses recent and upcoming negotiations between Angolan and South African delegations, noting specifically the difficulties of getting the Angolans to accept proposals and to decide on a venue in which to have the talks.

  • June 17, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe el 17/6/88'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.

  • June 17, 1988

    Stenographic transcript of the meeting of the Political Consultative Committee of the CC of the Romanian Communist Party

  • June 18, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe el 18/6/88'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.