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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 10, 1942

    Letter from Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov

    Governor Sheng describes the investigation into Sheng Shiqi's (the Commander of the Mechanized Brigade of Xinjiang) death, which revealed that Chen Xiuying (his wife) murdered him under pressure from Xiao Zuoxin, the assistant to the Director of the Urumqi office of the Native Corporation. He also reports that Kruglov, Soviet advisor for trade matters, intentionally disrupted trade between the Soviet Union and Xinjiang because of the Xinjiang government's alleged anti-Soviet attitude.

  • July 03, 1942

    Letter from Cde. V. M. Molotov to Governor Shicai Sheng

    Molotov rejects all the accusations leveled against Cdes. Bakulin, Rakov, and other senior Soviet officials in Governor Sheng's earlier letter as completely unfounded and criticizes his repression of senior figures in the Xinjiang government. Molotov also expresses his belief that "secret agents of an imperialist power hostile to China" have made Sheng their tool.

  • July 07, 1942

    Letter to the Soviet Ambassador in Chongqing

    At the instruction of the Soviet government and Cde. Stalin personally, the Soviet ambassador to China is instructed to inform Chiang Kai-shek of the worrying views expressed by Shicai Sheng in his recent letter to Stalin, Voroshilov, and Molotov and present him with the text of Molotov's reply.

  • September 28, 1942

    Decree No. 2352 cc of Ukrainian State Committee of Defence

    This famous, de-classified document officially started the Soviet atomic project aimed at producing the nuclear bomb. The second point of this document orders the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences to establish a plan for the project of Uranium enrichment. F. Lange, a scientist from the Ukraine Institute of Physics and Technology, was appointed as head of this project because he worked previously on theoretical aspects of Uranium enrichment.

  • February, 1943

    Report of Secretariat of Council of People’s Commissars of USSR to V.M. Molotov, 'About the Implementing of Decree No. 2352 cc of State Committee of Defence'

    This report, sent from the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR to V.M. Molotov, informs Molotov that the project for Uranium enrichment was prepared by F. Lange and his colleagues by December, 1942. The installation of this project was planned to be produced outside of Ukraine, in a facility in Kasan.

  • April 01, 1943

    Note of I.Kurchatov for M. Pervukhin, 'About Necessity to Demobilize V.M. Kelman'

    In this document, the "father" of the first Soviet nuclear bomb, Igor Kurchatov, asks the chief of the Soviet ministry of energy, Pervukhin, to help demobilize the Ukranian physicist Veniamin Kelman, who was a fellow of UIPhT before the war. In this note Kurchatov writes about the high quality of the Ukrainian nuclear scientist and about his importance for the development of the Soviet nuclear program. This document once again demonstrates that Ukraine played a significant role in the Soviet military nuclear program.

  • May 04, 1943

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 40 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces that it "cannot tolerate such provocative activity" of Xinjiang Governor Sheng Shicai and that it will provide support to rebels "in their struggle against the repressive colonialist policy of the Governor."

  • June 10, 1943

    Concerning a Spiritual Directorate of Muslims of Central Asia and Kazakhstan

    The Politburo directs the NKVD to permit the organization of a Spiritual Directorate of Muslims of Central Asia and Kazakhstan.

  • November 17, 1943

    Federal Bureau of Investigation Telegram Requesting Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov

    Permission is requested to install microphone surveillance on the hotel room of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.

  • November 17, 1943

    J. Edgar Hoover Message Authorizing Hotel for Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov

    FBI Director Hoover grants a request for the rental of hotel rooms for surveillance of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.

  • November 22, 1943

    Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov

    Report on the arrival of Soviet film director Mikhail K. Kalatozov in Los Angeles and his activities meeting with members of the movie industry as an official representative of the Soviet film committee. A reception in his honor was given by the National Council of Soviet-American Friendship which was attended by Charlie Chaplin.

  • November 24, 1943

    Memorandum for D. M. Lade on Microphone Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov

    Memorandum regarding a request for microphone surveillance of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.

  • November 26, 1943

    The Cairo Declaration

    Roosevelt, Churchhill, and Jiang Jieshi declare that they are "fighting this war to restraint and punish the aggression of Japan."

  • November 26, 1943

    J. Edgar Hoover Message Authorizing Surveillance of Mikhail Kalatozov

    FBI Director Hoover grants a request for microphone surveillance of Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov.

  • 1944

    Letter from General Zygmunt Berling to General Julian Skokowski

    General Berling instructs General Skokowski on what actions to take if the Warsaw Uprising fails. His forces are to withdraw to the Kampinowska Forest or meet Gen. Berling's forces to the east of Zoliborz.

  • 1944

    The Truth about the Events in Xinjiang

    An anonymous report on Soviet-Guomindang relations in Xinjiang, and political developments in Xinjiang since 1933.

  • 1944

    Report on the Political and Economic Situation in Tabriz in 1943

    A report detailing the political and economic situation in Tabriz in 1943, detailing, among other things, leadership, local government, and elections. There is emphasis placed on the Soviet role in the region and how it will affect outcomes.

  • February 09, 1944

    Federal Bureau of Investigation Report on Activities of Mikhail Konstantin Kalatozov

    Report on contacts made by Soviet film director Mikhail Kalatozov with Soviet embassy officials and members of the American film industry.

  • March 12, 1944

    Letter from Homi Bhabha to Sir Dorab of Tata Trust

    Dr. Homi Bhabha’s letter to Dr. Sorab detailing the poor condition of applied research in India due to lack of pure research workers and a hope to remedy the problem by building an advanced physics university in Bombay.

  • March 18, 1944

    Letter, Dimitrov to Molotov, 'The Situation in the People's Party of Iran'

    Message from Dimitrov to Molotov about the 1944 Iranian elections and the upcoming merger of the country's trade unions. Dimitrov attributes the People's Party's loss in the election to corruption among its opponents, but states that the campaign for the People's Party was successful in introducing its ideas to Iranian citizens.