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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Chilean Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Ruiz Solar)

    A telegram from Ruiz Solar (diplomat) describing Brazil and Chile's foreign relations with Cuba in regards to U.S.-Cuban tensions. It covers discussions in the United Nations on the subject and also the "Brazilian mediation" attempt to demilitarize Cuba.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 7 p.m., Thursday

    Campos discusses diplomatic gestures between Brazil, the United States and Cuba during the Cuban crisis and some misunderstandings that may have emerged during that time.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Israeli Embassy in Havana (Prato), to Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem

    Prato and Pinto discuss Brazilian efforts to pursuade Cuba to accept inspectors as well as what a potential U.S. attack would mean for diplomatic relations in the region.

  • November 02, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Foreign Ministry, Belgrade, to Yugoslav Embassies in Havana and Washington and the Yugoslav Mission to the United Nations, New York

    The Yugoslav Foreign Ministry relays to its embassies a summary of the Brazilian proposal on the Cuban Missile Crisis which, they say, mainly includes: the denuclearization of Latin America with inspections, Cuba's commitment to not "export" revolutionary operations, and guarantees to Cuba for sovereignty and independence. Allegedly, Castro welcomed the idea of the above plan. Brazil thinks that the USA could accept it after negotiations.

  • November 02, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations, New York, 8 p.m., Friday

    De Melo-Franco outlines the motives that underlie the Brazilian draft about the denuclearization of Latin America (in the United Nations). Panama, Argentina, Nicaragua, Haiti and Peru express their concerns/questions/support of the Brazilian resolution.

  • November 03, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Foreign Ministry to Yugoslav Embassies in Washington, Havana, Mexico, Caracas, and LaPaz, and Missions in Santiago de Chile, Montevideo, and New York City (United Nations)

    A message from the Yugoslav Foreign Ministry (originally, the embassy in Rio), saying that they are extremely satisfied with Tito’s message which contributed to Brazilian President João Goulart’s decisiveness on Cuban crisis.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Warsaw (Valente), 4 p.m., Monday

    The Brazilian Embassy in Poland discusses Poland's sympathy on the Brazilian motion in the United Nations about the denuclearization and its favorable reflection in a solution of the Cuban crisis.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Moscow (da Cunha), 4:15 p.m., Monday

    Brazil's embassy in Moscow discusses visits by Novotny, Ulbricht and Gomulka to Moscow and says that there is the impression that the recent international events have created a state of disorientation in the community of socialist countries and that the great challenge of Khrushchev will be to accommodate this state of affairs in the short term.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 4:45 p.m., Monday

    Pinto describes two recent speeches, one by Kennedy the other by Castro, and appears to give more credit and praise to the speech by Castro. He also discusses the Cuban crisis situation in general.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 5:30 p.m., Monday

    Pinto relays the message that Mikoyan intends to remain in Cuba at least one week, permiting a complete review of relations between Cuba and Russia, in face of the last events.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 6:15 p.m., Monday

    Pinto briefly discusses the new representative of Cuba at the UN, Carlos Lechuga.

  • November 06, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 10:30 a.m., Tuesday

    Pinto calls to attention the rude and violent tone of the proclamations of support to Cuba on the part of China contrasting with the relative moderation of the USSR and of its satellites. Pinto believes Mao is "taking a shot" at Khrushchev.

  • November 06, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations (Afonso Arinos), New York, 8 p.m., Tuesday

    Melo-Franco says he received some confidential information from Secretary General U Thant about the situation in Cuba. He also lists the advise he gave to the Cuban ambassador Carlos Lechuga.

  • November 07, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Foreign Ministry to the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations General Assembly, New York, 5 p.m., Wednesday

    The Brazilian Foreign Ministry instructs its delegation to the United Nations General Assembly on coordinating their efforts with Secretary General U Thant.

  • November 07, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 5:30 p.m., Wednesday

    Pinto describes the current situation in Cuba from the perspective of the Brazilian Embassy in Havana. He says, "The country continues entirely mobilized for the defense. The attitude of the Government seems to be more cautious. Habituated for years of the threat and with the blockade in front of Havana, the revolutionary government is plainly conscious that the danger has not passed and can reemerge at any moment."

  • November 07, 1962

    Letter from Arie Meyron, Counselor, the Embassy in Rio de Janeiro, to the Head of the Latin American Desk at the Israeli Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-Cuba'

    A letter from Arie Meyron, a Counselor at the Embassy in Rio de Janeiro, to the Head of the Latin American Desk at the Israeli Foreign Ministry about Cuba-Brazil relations and about Brazil's proposal to the Organization of American States (OAS) to create a nuclear-free zone in Latin America.

  • November 08, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations General Assembly, New York, 5:30 p.m., Thursday

    Melo-Franco discusses his conversation with Cuban Ambassador Carlos Lechuga about Brizilian-Cuban relations.

  • November 08, 1962

    Telegram from Chilean Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Ruiz Solar)

    Ruiz Solar discusses in a telegram his opinions on the failed attempts of "Brazilian mediation" of the Cuban crisis.

  • November 09, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the UN General Assembly, New York, 2:30 p.m., Friday

    In the XVII session of the General Assembly of the UN, the Delegates from Canada, Sweden, and Ghana referred exhaustively to the Brazilian draft about denuclearization of Latin America and expressed support to the ideas it contains.

  • November 09, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 7:45 p.m., Friday

    Pinto describes his conversation with the Cuban Minister of External Relations, Raúl Roa, which he says confirmed his impressions that the Cuban government, conscious of the gravity of the situation, is disposed to make concessions to reach a minimal guarantee.