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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 05, 1956

    From the Journal of Ambassador P. F. Yudin, Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 31 March 1956

    Soviet Ambassador Yudin discusses the 20th Congress of the CPSU with Mao, including Khrushchev's "secret speech" denouncing Stalin and his cult of personality. Mao had already seen a copy and discusses mistakes in Stalin's policy towards China at length.

  • April 07, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs Minister Cho on the steel industry and oil companies in Philippines.

  • April 07, 1956

    Report No. 79 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs Syngman Rhee about the anti-American sentiment arising in the Filipino Congress and Korea's admission to SEATO.

  • April 11, 1956

    Letter, J. W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    Staggers reports that the litigation of the Korean American Export-Import, Inc./American World Trade Export Import, Inc. has been settled out of court without reference to Korea or Col. Goodfellow.

  • April 12, 1956

    Letter, J. W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    Staggers recommends a proposal submitted by Claude T. Lindsay, Inc. of California.

  • April 14, 1956

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to Young Kee Kim

    President Rhee comments on the anti-American sentiment prevalent in the Philippines.

  • April 14, 1956

    Report from the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs to A. A. Okhotin, 'Some Issues of the Domestic Political Situation in the DPRK'

    A Soviet report that describes successful economic management in the postwar period in North Korea. The report also explains that the KWP CC still needs to work on improving some areas, particularly those concerning production cooperatives and the rural peasantry.

  • April 16, 1956

    Report from B. Vereshchagin to the CPSU CC, 'The Korean Armistice Agreement and talks on the Korean question'

    Report that provides an overview of the 1953 Korean Armistice Agreement. It describes the role of neutral states in monitoring the armistice conditions and lists the steps that the DPRK government has been taking so far to achieve peaceful reunification on the peninsula.

  • April 17, 1956

    Memo from K. Koval to the CPSU CC, on Soviet provision of industrial equipment to the DPRK

    Table that shows the timeframes, volumes, and fulfillment of Soviet equipment obligations to the DPRK.

  • April 17, 1956

    Memo from K. Koval to the CPSU CC, on preparations for the DPRK’s Five-Year Plan for 1957-1961

    Report that lists recommendations for improvements in industry, agriculture, construction, transportation, and trade in North Korea. It advises against pursuing a closed economic system and points out that the DPRK should learn to utilize its rich natural resources and skilled labor force.

  • April 19, 1956

    Report No. 80 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on US policy towards the Philippines, complications regarding the appointment of the Filipino ambassador to the US, and the reparation settlement between Philippines and Japan.

  • April 19, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs Minister Cho on the amendment of the Naturalization Law and PI-China relations in terms of business and trade.

  • April 19, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    Diary entry of a conversation between V.I. Ivanov and Kim Il Sung about whether Pak Heon-yeong should be put to death or not.

  • April 20, 1956

    Ciphered telegram, excerpt from cable from Soviet Ambassador to the PRC P. Yudin re meeting with Mao Zedong

    Excerpt of telegram from P. Yudin, Soviet Ambassador to the PRC, reporting to Moscow on a conversation he had with Mao Zedong. Mao allegedly stated that there had been miscalculations prior to the commencement of the Korean War that international actors would not intervene on behalf of South Korea.

  • April 21, 1956

    Note by the CC CPSU Regarding the Arming of R-7 Rockets with a Hydrogen Charge on the Basis of the Principle of Radiation Implosion

    Proposal on the development of the R-7 rocket to carry a new RDS-6 type device between Soviet officials in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The updated R-7 rocket with RDS-6 device was approved to be designed lighter and given a bigger yield.

  • April 23, 1956

    Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Circular concerning the Transfer of Cadres and Workers to Participate in Atomic Energy Development Work (Excerpt)

    A Chinese Central Committee circular stresses the need for China to develop a healthy uranium prospecting and mining industry, and to transfer technical and administrative cadres to work with Soviet experts.

  • April 23, 1956

    Record of a Speech delivered by Kim Il Sung at the Third Congress of the Korean Workers' Party

    Kim Il Sung draws on Khrushchev's speech at the 20th Congress of the CPSU in his own speech at the Third Congress of the Korean Workers' Party, and speaks to the successes of the Three-Year Plan and discusses the implementation of a similar Five-Year Plan.

  • April 24, 1956

    Third Party Congress of the Korean Workers Party held from 24 to 30 April 1956

    Kim Il Sung discusses the North Korean economy and the five-year economic plan.Three documents are added to the note: 1) A report created by the commission for mandate examination. The report covers the action of the election for the Party Congress and the composition of the delegates.2) Minutes of a speech Kim Du-bong gave, overviewing North Korean achievements and objectives. 3) A list of members of the Central Committee and Politburo of the Labor Party that were elected on the Party Congress.

  • April 25, 1956

    Talk by Mao Zedong at an Enlarged Meeting of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Politburo (Excerpts)

    Mao speaks to the Central Committee Politburo about the need to develop an atomic bomb to avoid being "bullied," but stresses that this can only happen if economic development increases simultaneously.

  • April 26, 1956

    Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at Charles University, Prague, 'Resolution Adopted by the Faculty Organization of the Czechoslovak Youth Union'

    A student resolution written during the 1956 student protests in Czechoslovakia. It argues for a review of the national education system, specifically to allow for more focus on practical subjects than on Communism and Russian language classes. Additionally, it demands fairer political trials and punishments, while noting the overall deleterious affect that "the Soviet experience" has had on the country.