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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 15, 1991

    Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council Discussing the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and the Expected US Attack

    Conversation between Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, various strategic planning and weaponry, potential responses by neighboring countries, and the expected US attack.

  • January 18, 1991

    Iraq Revolutionary Command Council Meeting about Coalition Operations Against Iraq

    Iraqi officials discuss the intervention of United States and coalition forces following the invasion of Kuwait.

  • January 25, 1991

    Report of Secretary of the CC CPSU - Republic and Regional Committee Party - 25 January 1991

    Includes CC CPSU Report of 11 January 1991.

  • February 22, 1991

    Resolution of the Secretariat of the CC CPSU, 'On New Points in the Approach of the Romanian Leadership towards the Moldavian Problem'

    Romanian officials are once again raising the issue of the unification of Moldova and Romania.

  • April 24, 1991

    John T. Kriese, US Defense Intelligence Agency, 'Talking Points for Briefing to House Energy and Commerce Committee – Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations'

    These talking points, prepared by John T. Kriese who at the time was both chief of the Nuclear Energy Division at DIA and chairman of the Joint Atomic Energy Intelligence Community, focused on the intelligence the US had available on the Iraqi nuclear program.

  • May 21, 1991

    CPSU CC Report, 21 May 1991

    This report deals with the political crisis in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It also concerns Soviet plans to settle the conflict.

  • May 31, 1991

    CPSU CC Reports: 31 May 1991 and 14 May 1991

    These documents deal with the military strength of the USSR and arms.

  • July, 1991

    National Intelligence Estimate, NIE 5-91C, 'Prospects for Special Weapons Proliferation and Control'

    With the term “weapons of mass destruction” having not yet fully come into general usage, this NIE used the term “special weapons” to describe nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons (formerly the term “special weapons” was sometimes used to describe nuclear weapons only). With numerous excisions, including the names of some countries in the sections on “East Asia and the Pacific” and “Central America,” this wide-ranging estimate provides broad-brushed, sometimes superficial, pictures of the situations in numerous countries along with coverage of international controls to halt sensitive technology exports to suspect countries.

  • July, 1991

    Memorandum, 'An Analysis of the “Islamic factor” in the Afghan Situation' by A. Belousov, Deputy Chairman of the Tajik SSR KGB

    Analysis of US support to opposition mujaheddin forces in Afghanistan and related attempts to use Islamic ideology to destabilize the Soviet Central Asian republics.

  • August 05, 1991

    Report by Deputy Head of the General Division of the CC CPSU G. Orlov on the Party Archives

    Orlov reports on issues with the organization, ownership and access to the communist party archives. He makes recommendations for reorganizing and centralizing the archives and prioritizing access to party members.

  • September, 1991

    Report by S. Goncharov for the Russian Leadership on the Question of the Current Situation in Relations between Russia and China (Excerpt)

    S. Goncharov describes the lessons the Soviet Union drew from China's suppression of the student protests in Beijing in spring 1989.

  • September 16, 1991

    From the Interview by the Honorary Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, with Die Welt

    Willy Brandt's interview with Die Welt on unified Germany and the break-up of the Soviet Union.

  • October 02, 1991

    Record of Conversation between F.G. Kunadze and Son Seong-Pil

    G.F. Kunadze pressures North Korean Ambassador Son Seong-pil about the DPRK concluding an agreement on nuclear safeguards with the IAEA.

  • October 08, 1991

    Record of Conversation between G.F. Kunadze and Yu Hongliang

    G.F. Kunadze asks that China to "exert influence" on North Korea and have it conclude a safeguards agreement with the IAEA.

  • October 09, 1991

    Record of Conversation between Chairman of the International Affairs Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR A. S. Dzasokhov with the DPRK Ambassador Son Seong-pil

    Son Seong-pil says North Korea will "closely watch" the withdrawal of US nuclear weapons from the Korean Peninsula.

  • October 18, 1991

    Letter from President Collor to President Bush on the Brazilian Space Program

    This letter sent by President Fernando Collor to President George H. W. Bush describes the importance of the first Brazilian made satellite to the country and communicates that the French-American consortium Orbital Sciences Corporation will probably be the enterprise chosen to put the Brazilian satellite in orbit. President Collor expected that this partnership paved the way for further cooperation in the space field and informed President Bush of his decision to create the Brazilian Space Agency (AEB), under civilian control.

  • November 15, 1991

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to R.I. Khazbulatov

    G.F. Kunadze speculates that North Korea's nuclear program will be a topic of conversation during high-level dialogues between Russia and South Korea.

  • November 25, 1991

    Memo, US Proposals Concerning Limited Non-Nuclear Space Defense and Missile Attack Warning System

    Memo on Soviet-American consultations in Washington between November 25 and 27, 1991. The American side proposed discussion of limited non-nuclear missile defense and early warning systems, but the Soviet side refused to be drawn into lengthy discussions. The US also rejected the Soviet proposal to create joint missile attack warning systems.

  • December 16, 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Officials after the First Gulf War

    Saddam Hussein and Iraqi officials discuss missile development and weapons programs in the wake of loses following the Persian Gulf War. They also discuss United Nations inspections which were currently ongoing.

  • 1992

    Excerpts from official Vietnamese "Sapper Handbook"

    Translated excerpts from an official People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) handbook for the elite "Sapper" forces, Vietnamese army’s commando/special forces troops. These excerpts discuss the Sapper's training of foreign commando forces from countries such as Laos, Cambodia, Cuba, and the Soviet Union.