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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 09, 1989

    Telegram from First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, Dzhumbar I. Patiashvili to the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Patiashvili reports on demonstrations in Tbilisi and army attempts to subdue them which resulted in the death of 16 people. Patiashvili requests to impose a curfew in the city to maintain order.

  • April 10, 1989

    Resolution of the CC CPSU Politburo, 'Measures to Normalize the Situation in Tbilisi'

    The CC CPSU Politburo approves the appeal of the Gorbachev to the Georgian SSR and resolves to take into account the views discussed at the Politburo meeting when normalizing the situation in Tbilisi.

  • April 10, 1989

    Note from A. S. Kapto, A. S. Pavlov, Ye. Z. Razumov to the the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Kapto, Pavlov, and Razumov provide the CC CPSU’s recommendations for local party committees regarding political situation in the Georgian SSR.

  • April 13, 1989

    Assistance for Entry and Exit

    An example of a Stasi document on two South Korean citizens transiting East Germany to travel to and from Pyongyang.

  • April 20, 1989

    CPSU Politburo Discussion on the Report of Eduard Shevardnadze Regarding the Use of Violence in Tbilisi

    Politburo meeting on the violent crisis in Georgia, based on Eduard Shevardnadze's report regarding the Tbilisi massacre.

  • April 21, 1989

    Meeting Between G. Tanev and D. Djurov with a Presentation of the New VKR Head

  • April 22, 1989

    Official talks between Todor Zhivkov and Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece

    Official talks between the President of the State Council of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov and the Prime Minister of Greece Andreas Papandreou regarding Greek-Bulgarian relations.

  • April 25, 1989

    Meeting of the Collegium MVR Regarding Hostile Emigration

  • April 26, 1989

    Letter from the President of South Africa P. W. Botha to the President of Zambia Requesting Pressure on SWAPO to Withdraw Armed Forces from Namibia

    Letter from South African President P. W. Botha to Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda asserting that SWAPO is the aggressor in excalation tensions between SWAPO and South African forces, and that South Africa is responding in measured and restrained ways. Asks for Zambia's assistance in convincing SWAPO to cease hostilities.

  • April 28, 1989

    Joint Press Statement on Namibia

    Press release describing a tripartite meeting between delegations from Angola, South Africa, and Cuba about troop withdrawal from Namibia. South African and SWAPO forces are restricted to their respective bases.

  • April 28, 1989

    Press Release, SWAPO Dismisses South African Charges of Amassing Troops on Angola-Namibia Border

    SWAPO press release dismissing South African claims of instigation of violence as an attempt to influence the United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) against SWAPO. SWAPO asserts that South Africa hopes to encourage UNTAG to let South African forces off of their bases so that they can attack SWAPO without reprimand.

  • April 29, 1989

    Decree of the CC CPSU Secretariat, 'The Issue of the Events in the City of Tbilisi'

    Decree approving the creation of a commission to study the situation in Tbilisi and the demonstrations which occurred on 9 April, 1989.

  • April 29, 1989

    Note from A. S. Pavlov, Chief of the CC CPSU State and Legal Department, to the CC CPSU, 'On the Issue of the Events in the City of Tbilisi'

    Following the events of April 9, Pavolv advises that a commission be formed to examine the situation in Georgia.

  • May, 1989

    Hungarian Secret Police Memorandum, 'Ensuring the Security of Preparations for the Burial of Imre Nagy and his Asssociates [on 16 June 1989]'

    Hungarian Secret Police memorandum, “Ensuring the security of preparations for the burial of Imre Nagy and his associates [on 16 June 1989]”, regarding plans to maintain security using the dissemination of information concerning possible retaliation for extremist action, and the use of operatives

  • May, 1989

    Findings of the Commission of the USSR Congress of People’s Deputies to Investigate the Events which Occurred in the City of Tbilisi on 9 April 1989

    Report of a commission headed by A.A. Sobchak on the April 9 events in Tbilisi that resulted in the deaths of 19 demonstrators.

  • May 02, 1989

    Excerpt from the Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev

    Excerpt from Anatoly Chernyaev’s Diary expressing worry at Gorbachev’s lack of conception of the direction in which the Soviet Union is moving

  • May 05, 1989

    Report from G.Tanev to T. Zhivkov on Decoration of Gen.Fiedler, Head of VI Main Department - Stasi

  • May 06, 1989

    Memorandum of Vadim Zagladin to Gorbachev

    Memorandum from Zagladin to Gorbachev on Zagladin's recent trip to Czechoslovakia, in preparation for Gorbachev's upcoming trip there.

  • May 08, 1989

    Report on the First Baghdad International Exhibition of Military Technology

    An East German report on the 1st Baghdad International Exhibition from 28 April to 2 May 1989. The exhibition is an event organized by the committee of the Ministry for Industry and Military Production of the Republic of Iraq. 200 companies from 29 countries in an area of about 31,000 square meters participated in the event in Baghdad. Meanwhile, the GDR hopes to build up its trade relations with Iraq because these relations have severely declined since the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War.

  • May 09, 1989

    Report on a Working Visit of Wojciech Jaruzelski to Moscow

    Report on First Secretary of the Polish People's Republic Wojciech Jaruzelski's 1989 visit to Moscow to meet with Gorbachev and discuss the transformations occurring in the Soviet Union.