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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1999

    USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Groups in Afghanistan

    A status report from the USSR Ministry of Defense and General Staff Operations Group, providing a summary of Soviet troops levels in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Background of Hafizullah Amin

    A background of H. Amin's childhood, interest in politics, and political activities in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of political parties intent on exporting an Islamic revolution

    A Dossier reviewing the origins and policies of Islamic political parties, including: The Organization of Fighters of Afghanistan for Islam, The Movement of the Islamic Revolution (DIR), The Council of Islamic Accord (SIS), The Islamic Movement of Afghanistan (IDA), The United Front of the Islamic Revolution (OFIR), The Corps of Guardians of the Islamic Jihad of Afghanistan (KSIRA), The Party of Victory (“Nasr”), The Party of Allah (“Hezbe Allah”).

  • 1999

    Dossiers of rebel field commanders

    A Soviet analysis of counterrevolutionary commanders in Afghanistan.

  • 1999

    Dossiers of Alliance-7 Rebel Leaders

    Background information on political leaders in Afghanistan who fought against Soviet occupation.

  • 1999

    Interview with Yitzhak 'Ya’tza' Ya’akov by Avner Cohen

  • May, 1999

    Report, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Z Division, 'Challenges of Advanced Nuclear Weapon Development in Pakistan'

    This study, even more heavily redacted than the Z Division study on India (November 1988), examined the status of Pakistan’s nuclear weapon status, and number of other topics (deleted from the table of contents), and policy implications. The Joint Special Operations Command is among the agencies on the distribution list. As the report is a “Gamma Controlled Item,” some of the excisions relate to communications intelligence information.

  • November 12, 1999

    Pak Chang-ok Biography

    Soviet-Korean Pak Chang-ok encountered Kim Il Sung in an intense standoff in August 1956.

  • June, 2000

    Tibor Méray, 'Germ Warfare: Memories and Reflections'

    Tibor Meray reminisces about the biological warfare allegations during the Korean War.

  • August 01, 2000

    Thesis, US Joint Military Intelligence College, 'From Independence to the Bomb: India’s Nuclear Motivations, 1945-1974'

    This unclassified JMIC thesis focuses both on general motivations for nuclear proliferation as well as examining the specific case of India. Its chapters focus on key issues for nuclear motivations analysis; economic motivations for nuclear power, 1945-1964; India’s bid for nuclear self-reliance, 1962-1974; India’s nuclear motivations, and implications of India’s decisions.

  • October 16, 2000

    Training Documentation Pertaining to Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Threats to the Republican Guard and Iraq

    Training, instructions, procedures, and precautionary measures against threats.

  • 2001

    Anatoly Adamishin, 'The White Sun of Angola' (excerpts)

    Anatoly Adamishin explains the crucial role that Cubans played in the Angolan conflict. Through large scale Cuban involvement, the cost for South Africa to continue its involvement in the conflict became too high and led to peace talks. However, the author still underlines the fact that it was Soviet arms that the Cubans were using in their fighting.

  • August 16, 2001

    Interview with Tzvi Tzur by Boaz Lev Tov at the Rabin Memorial Center, Tel Aviv

  • November 30, 2001

    Military Intelligence Digest Supplement, US Defense Intelligence Agency, 'Iraq: Procuring Possible Nuclear-Related Gas Centrifuge Equipment'

    This DIA article briefly describes Iraq’s effort to procure aluminum tubes from 1986 to 1991 and discusses the potential for their use for conventional military purposes.

  • September 13, 2002

    Technical Intelligence Note, US Department of Energy, Office of Intelligence, 'Iraq: Recent Aluminum Tube Procurement Efforts'

    Although the Department of Energy dissented against other Departments' opinions on the Iraqi aluminum tubes its intelligence office went along with the prevailing view that Iraq was trying to “rejuvenate” its nuclear program.

  • 2003

    Vladimir Kazimirov, 'My MGIMO [Moscow State Institute of International Relations]' (excerpts)

    Russian diplomat Vladimir Kazimirov recalls events surrounding and following the establishment of peace in Angola in 1988 and the lead up to establishment of diplomatic relations between Russia and the Republic of South Africa.

  • 2004

    Biography of Vasili Mitrokhin

    Short biography of Vasilii Mitrokhin, which provides context for the materials in the Mitrokhin Archive collection.

  • 2004

    The Mitrokin Archive - A Note on Sources

    A note on sources contextualizing the Mitrokhin Archive. Please read this first in order to understand the nature of the material.

  • 2004

    Peter Gusev, 'Search for Your Destiny' (excerpts)

    The recollection of a Soviet General who was stationed in Angola during the 1987-88 operation against UNITA around Cuito-Cuanavale. Offers his perspective on the operation, including Cuban involvement, experiencing South African artillery bombardment, and his impression of Angolan fears of white South Africans.

  • April, 2004

    STASI German/Russian Lexicon of Intelligence Terms Introduction

    This compact German-Russian dictionary came to light in 1967. The dictionary is anonymous: it has no indication of title, authorship, publisher, place and date of publication - there are no indications at all. On reading through it, it is clear that it contains Cheka terminology, and was compiled after 1954. When translated into Russian, these terms were to assist operational officers working in the USSR KGB Establishment attached to the GDR MfS [Ministerium für Staatssicherheit] - helping them to read secret German-language materials supplied in great quantities by the GDR MfS [2], sent on to the Centre with a cover note, and to carry on conversations on Chekist themes with their German colleagues.