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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 10, 1989

    Verbal Message from Mikhail Gorbachev to Helmut Kohl

    Verbal message from Mikhail Gorbachev to Helmut Kohl regarding the GDR’s decision to allow unrestricted travel to the FRG

  • November 10, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the opening of the borders by the GDR with the FRG and West Berlin

  • November 10, 1989

    Bush-Kohl Telephone Conversation on the Situation in Germany

    Telephone conversation between President George H. W. Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl on the situation in Germany.

  • November 11, 1989

    Information about the Content of a Telephone Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl

    Information about the Content of a Telephone Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Helmut Kohl regarding discussing the desire to see reforms in the GDR occur in a calm and non-chaotic manner

  • November 11, 1989

    From the minutes of the joint special session of the Executive Committee of the SPD and the Steering Committee of the SPD faction

    Willy Brandt's observations on the joint special session of the Executive Committee of the SPD and the Steering Committee of the SPD faction. Brandt discusses the November 9 opening of the border between East and West Germany.

  • November 11, 1989

    Record of Telephone Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Chancellor of the FRG Helmut Kohl. Moscow-Bonn.

    Gorbachev and Kohl discuss reforms in the GDR to stabilize the situation and to decrease the number of people crossing the border.

  • November 13, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the change in leadership in the CPB and plans to deal with organizational questions as well as for Bulgaria and the Soviet Union to develop bilateral relations

  • November 14, 1989

    Record of Telephone Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and President of France Francois Mitterand

    Telephone conversation between Gorbachev and Mitterand about France's position on German unification. Mitterand expresses that he is against changing the borders at this time.

  • November 15, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment)

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment) regarding the plenum of the CC of the CPB to decide organizational matters

  • November 16, 1989

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party regarding dismissals from government posts, changes in the Communist party structure and criticism of Todor Zhivkov

  • November 17, 1989

    CPSU CC Memo, excerpt from Protocol #172/1, 17 November 1989

    Concerns further Soviet relations with Ethiopia.

  • November 17, 1989

    Memorandum, Richard Carter, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Main Points Arising from Luncheon on 14 November 1989' with Atomic Energy Corporation (AEC)

    A memorandum outlining AEC and Armscor arguments regarding nuclear weapons development and NPT accession. Includes discussion of implications should the African National Congress gain power in government, decontamination of enrichment sites and degradation of previously enriched materials.

  • November 17, 1989

    Letter, Richard Carter to Herbert Beukes

    Richard Carter writes to the US Ambassador to South Africa proposing that South Africa "come clean" about its nuclear program.

  • November 17, 1989

    Memorandum, 'Main Points Arising from Luncheon on 14 November 1989'

  • November 18, 1989

    CPSU CC Protocol #172/9, 18 November 1989

    This protocol (dated 19 October 1989) deals with additional measures in the information sphere (telecommunications, etc.)

  • November 18, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    The US embassy in Prague reports on the brutal suppression of the Czech students' demonstration.

  • November 18, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding plans for formulation of a new constitution and the reorganization of the party structure in Bulgaria, including an active role for parliament and an investigation of the use of funds by Todor Zhivkov’s family

  • November 18, 1989

    Excerpt from Protocol No. 182 of the Meeting of the Politburo CC CPSU, 'On Additional Measures in the Informational Sphere'

    Proposal recommending increased openness, freedom of speech, and the end of restrictions on the press in the Soviet Union, including the free distribution of foreign media.

  • November 19, 1989

    Teleprint from CC CPCz to First Secretary CC CPCz and Secretaries of Regional and District Committees

    Following an anti-government protest in Prague, information has been reported on plans for another general strike in the CSSR on 27 November.

  • November 19, 1989

    Proclamation on the Establishment of Civic Forum 19 November 1989

    The Czech Civic Forum declares its purpose for existence and addresses its primary demands for reform which should be promptly negotiated with the government.