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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 24, 1989

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Bulgarian Communist Party Central Committee

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the BCP CC criticizing Todor Zhivkov for bringing Bulgaria into economic crisis and doing everything to keep his family in power

  • October 25, 1989

    Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior Memorandum, 'The Security Situation in the CSSR in the Period Before 28 October'

    The Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior reports on anti- government activity. Anti-socialist forces in Hungary are collaborating with those in Czechoslovakia. A demonstration on 28 October, 1989 is anticipated in Prague. Security measures have been taken in an attempt to prevent these groups from meeting, propagandizing, and organizing the demonstration.

  • October 31, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding peaceful street protests in the GDR, the opnening of dialogue between government and citizens, and the serious effort to enact reforms, including a cessation of criticizing West Germany in the media

  • November 01, 1989

    Soviet Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), Egon Krenz

    Soviet record of conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), Egon Krenz concerning the possible reunification of Germany and issues faced by both the Soviet Union and the GDR

  • November 01, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Egon Krenz, Secretary General of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), and Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Egon Krenz, Secretary General of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), and Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) regarding the economic and political crises in the GDR and measures to alleviate them

  • November 03, 1989

    Decision by Bulgarian Secretariat on Bulgarian Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov's Visit to China

    With this decision, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party approves the official visit by Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to China from 4-11 November 1989.

  • November 05, 1989

    Letter from Afghan President Najibullah to CPSU General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev (Excerpt)

    Najibullah requests for technical aid and additional supplies from the USSR to support the war in Afghanistan.

  • November 06, 1989

    Conversation on GDR-FRG Economic Cooperation between Alexander Schalck and Egon Krenz

    Note of conversation between East German leader Alexander Schalck and West German Minister of the Chancellery Rudolf Seiters on future economic cooperation between the two German states. The discussion makes clear that the East German economy will collapse without immediate and massive West German aid.

  • November 07, 1989

    Letter from Alexander Schalck to Egon Krenz

    Letter from Alexander Schalck to Egon Krenz regarding conversation with FRG government officials stating that the FRG Chancellor sees cooperation between FRG and GDR if GDR guarantees free elections and permission of opposition groups

  • November 07, 1989

    Minutes No. 49 of the Meeting of the SED Politburo

    Minutes No. 49 of the Meeting of the SED Politburo concerning situation regarding GDR citizens leaving the country. The Politburo decides a new travel law will be developed in order to placate some of the popular demands.

  • November 07, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between Comrade Oskar Fischer and the Soviet Ambassador V[yacheslav] I. Kochemassov at 11:45 a.m.

    Memorandum of Conversation between Comrade Oskar Fischer and the Soviet Ambassador V[yacheslav] I. Kochemassov discussing measures to be taken to prevent the permanent exit of GDR citizens via the CSSR

  • November 07, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding continuing protests in the streets, the proposal to allow freedom to travel to foreign countries, the demands by the population for the removal of the Politburo and all ministers, and the movement towards the economic integration of the GDR with the FRG.

  • November 08, 1989

    Summary of Visit by Czechoslovak Foreign Minister Jaromír Johanes to China

    This report includes information on economic cooperation projects between Czechoslovakia and China and on the political situation in both countries. While the Czechoslovak side focuses on the democratization of the country, China points to its consolidated Socialist system. Also attached are records of conversations between Jaromír Johanes, Li Peng, and Jiang Zemin.

  • November 09, 1989

    Material for the Session/For Circulation in the Council of Ministers, Draft: Temporary Transition Rules for Travel and Permanent Exit from the GDR, Berlin

    Draft resolution and press release announcing new temporary transition rules for travel abroad and permanent exits from East Germany.

  • November 09, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding changes in the structure of the SED and demands by the population for wider changes in the political system

  • November 09, 1989

    Transcript of the Tenth Session of the SED Central Committee from 3:47 - 3:55 p.m.

    Transcript of the Tenth Session of the SED Central Committee regarding the issue of new temporary travel regulations.

  • November 09, 1989

    Günter Schabowski’s Press Conference in the GDR International Press Center 6:53 - 7:01 p.m.

    Schabowski announces new travel regulations allowing permanent exit for East German citizens at all border crossing effective "immediately, without delay."

  • November 09, 1989

    Conversation between Chancellor Helmut Kohl and Solidarity Leader Lech Walesa

    In this extraordinary conversation, Solidarity’s leader fears the collapse of the Wall would distract West Germany’s attention - and money - to the GDR, at the time when Poland, the trail-blazer to the post-communist era in Eastern Europe, desperately needed both. "Events are moving too fast," Walesa said, and only hours later, the Wall fell, and Kohl had to cut his Poland visit short to scramble back to Berlin, thus proving Walesa’s fear correct.

  • November 10, 1989

    Excerpt from the Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev

    Excerpt from Anatoly Chernyaev’s diary following the fall of the Berlin War, praising Gorbachev’s vision

  • November 10, 1989

    Verbal Message from Mikhail Gorbachev to François Mitterrand, Margaret Thatcher and George Bush

    Verbal message from Mikhail Gorbachev to François Mitterrand, Margaret Thatcher and George Bush regarding message sent to Chancellor Kohl appealing for measures to be taken to prevent destabilization of the situation