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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 15, 1994

    Telegram, US Defense Intelligence Agency, 'South Africa: Nuclear Program in Turmoil'

    With the liquidation of South Africa’s weapons program, “disgruntled” scientists under threat of lay-off “threatened to reveal closely guarded secrets … unless they receive severance pay.”

  • June 07, 1994

    Note, Greek Presidency of the Council on Working Group on Non-Proliferation of the European Union

    In 1994, the European Union decided for the first time to play a role in the NPT Review Conference, with a view towards the NPT Review and Extension Conference in 1995. This note stipulated that the EU should demonstrate consensus in support of extending the NPT and persuading non-members to join the treaty.

  • July 07, 1994

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Working Group on Non-Proliferation of the European Union

    In a meeting, the Working Group started to develop the wording of the Council Decision on the NPT Review and Extension Conference in 1995

  • July 19, 1994

    Council of the European Union, 'Joint Action Regarding Preparation for the 1995 Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

    The EU Working Group on Non-Proliferation developed the first draft what later became the Council Decision 94/509/CFSP. The draft identified three decisions: to convince states outside the Treaty to join it; to encourage participation in the remaining Preparatory Committee meetings;and to build consensus for indefinite extension. The proposal was a so-called “A” Item, meaning that the Foreign Ministers would not even discuss it; they only were to approve it.

  • July 25, 1994

    Decision, Council of the European Union, 'Concerning the Joint Action Adopted by the Council... Regarding Preparation for the 1995 Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons'

    The Council of the European Union votes to extend the NPT indefinitely.

  • July 27, 1994

    Letter, L. H. Evans Director General, to Mr. Tielman de Waal, Chief Executive of Armscor, Regarding Arms Sales

    The Director General Evans writes to the Chief Executive of Armscor recommending South Africa be more discreet when selling arms to other states.

  • August 05, 1994

    Cable, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, Forwarding Copy of Armscor Letter to Mission in Washington

    Copy of a letter to Washington that discusses reforms to make Armscor more centralized.

  • August 08, 1994

    Cable, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, US Restrictions on Armscor

    Report on status of Armscor trading with the United States, in the wake of pending trade restrictions, and with the United Kingdom.

  • August 23, 1994

    Cable from Brazilian Embassy in Washington to Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-United States. Space cooperation. Visit of the President of the Brazilian Space Agency to Washington.'

    This cable reports the visit of Gylvan Meira Filho, President of the Brazilian Space Agency (AEB), to the Brazilian embassy in Washington. Meira Filho went to the US to meet with NASA’s officials to discuss the signature of a framework agreement between the two space agencies. The other objectives of the President of the AEB were to identify potential partners for Brazilian space activities and to signal the agency’s commitment with the MTCR’s norms.

  • September 15, 1994

    Preparatory Committee for the 1995 Conference of Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 'European Union (EU): NPT Extension Options and Modalities'

    European Union document on legal aspects in connection with the NPT.

  • October, 1994

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN) International Seminar on Issues at the 1995 NPT Conference, 'Preparations for the Conference' by Ben Sanders

    An overview of the administrative structure of the NPT review conference and the preparatory work leading up to it, as well as potential procedural problems which have not yet been solved.

  • October 26, 1994

    Memorandum, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Cameron Commission of Inquiry: Lebanese Arms Sale'

    Memorandum on the progress of the Cameron Commission's probe into Armscor's dealings.

  • November 14, 1994

    South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Cameron Commission - Armscor Case'

    Discusses the Cameron Commission and the debate about whether South African arms deals should be transperant to the public.

  • November 16, 1994

    South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Cameron Commission: Implications of Publishing Country Classifications and Details of Arms Transactions'

    Report on the Cameron Commission recommending that partners in arms dealings should remain secret.

  • November 16, 1994

    South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Cameron Commision: Armscor in Camera Proceedings'

    Internal report on the progress of the Cameron Commission.

  • November 17, 1994

    Meeting Minutes, South African Council for the Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

    Meeting of the South African Council for the Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction discussing the status of current agreements.

  • November 17, 1994

    Annex, South African Council for Non-Proliferation, Export Permit Evaluation (Botswana)

    Report recommending the granting of export permits for arms deals with Botswana which could potentially be used for South Africa's nuclear program.

  • November 17, 1994

    Annex, South African Council for Non-Proliferation, Export Permit Evaluation (Singapore)

    Report recommending the granting of export permits for arms deals with Singapore.

  • November 17, 1994

    Annex, South African Council for Non-proliferation, 'Report on the Bilateral Agreement with the United States'

    Indicates that the United States would be receptive to a formal South African bid for admission into the Missile Technology Control Regime.

  • November 17, 1994

    Annex, South African Council for Non-proliferation, 'Composition of the Council'

    Memo on a procedural issue of the Non-Proliferation Council