Cold War History
Since its establishment in August 1991, the Cold War International History Project (CWIHP) has amassed a tremendous collection of archival documents on the Cold War era from the once secret archives of former communist countries. CWIHP has become internationally recognized as the world’s preeminent resource on the Cold War. (Image, Potsdam Conference, 1945, Truman Library)
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Cold War Origins
This collection of primary source documents discusses international relations during World War II and the years shortly after.
Stalin and the Cold War
Leader of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953, this collection contain Stalin's own writings, conversations, and legacy.
Soviet Foreign Policy
Documents on the international relations and foreign policy of the Soviet Union.
United States-Soviet Relations
Documents on the often adversarial relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Korean War, 1950-1953
When North Korean troops invaded South Korea on June 25, 1950, the inter-Korean conflict entered its most bloody phase: the Korean War
Post-Stalin Succession Struggle
Stalin's successors jockeyed for control of the Soviet Union following his death on 1 March 1953.
East German Uprising
In June 1953 a strike by East Berlin construction workers spread throughout East Germany and was violently suppressed by the Soviet Army.
Geneva Conference of 1954
The main purposes of the 1954 Geneva Conference were to end the First Indochina war and restore peace in Vietnam.
The First Indochina War began as a rebellion by Việt Minh forces against the French colonial government.
This is a large collection of primary source documents all related to the First Indochina War and the Vietnam War
1956 Polish and Hungarian Crises
The uprising began in Hungary as a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the People's Republic of Hungary and its Soviet-imposed policies.
The history of the Berlin Wall from the post-WWII divided city, to the wall's construction in 1961, through to it's destruction in 1989.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The thirteen day confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States over the placement of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Cuban Foreign Relations
Documents on Cuban's international relations, focusing on it's relationship with the Soviet Union, China and the United States.
Documents on the Soviet-Chinese relationship during the Cold War.
The Sino-Soviet Split, 1960-1984
Documents on the growing division and worsening relations between China and the Soviet Union following 1960.
Interkit was an organization created by the Kremlin to coordinate Soviet-bloc analysis of and policy toward China from 1967 until the mid-1980s.
Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia
Following the 1968 Prague Spring, the Soviet Union led a Warsaw Pact invasion to reverse the Czech political reforms.
Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
Origins of the international security group, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Horn of Africa Crisis
Documents on the 1977-1978 conflict between Somalia and Ethiopia, also known as the Ogaden War or Ethio-Somali War.
1980-81 Polish Crisis
The crisis began with a wave of strikes across Poland and the formation of the first independent labor union in a Soviet bloc country–Solidarity.
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
In December 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in response to a revolt against the Soviet-backed government.
Documents on the period of confrontation and building tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States from 1979 to 1983.
End of the Cold War
Documents on the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s.
Intelligence Operations in the Cold War
Documents on intelligence and state security during the Cold War, mainly focusing on security services in Soviet bloc countries.
Notes taken in the KGB archives by Vasili Nikitich Mitrokhin, a KGB officer who defected to the United Kingdom after the fall of the Soviet Union.
Notebooks and loose pages kept by Alexander Vassiliev while researching in the KGB archives in the mid-1990s.
Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty
Declassified US government documents on Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty.
Mass Media and Censorship
Documents on propaganda and media control in the Soviet Union.
Nikita Khrushchev Collection
Documents containing the thoughts and opinions of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.
Todor Zhivkov Collection
Leader of Bulgaria from 1954 until the fall of the Soviet Union, this collection contains documents by and about Todor Zhivkov.
Economic Cold War
Documents on economic issues during the Cold War, such as economic growth and dearth, foreign aid, and international trade.
This anti-colonial group of developing countries was spearheaded by several conferences and summits, the first held in Bandung in 1955
Documents on the Eastern Bloc military and security organization dominated by the Soviet Union.
Documents on the history of nuclear proliferation, the arms race, and disarmament efforts.
Soviet Nuclear History
Documents on the history of Soviet nuclear development.