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Digital Archive International History Declassified

RESOURCE INDEX

Biographies

  • BIOGRAPHIES

  • Aleksey Kosygin

    Aleksey Kosygin was a politician and administrator in the Soviet Union. Kosygin was Premier of the USSR from 1964 to 1980.

  • Anatoly Dobrynin

    Anatoly Dobrynin served as the Soviet ambassador to the United States during six presidential administrations from Kennedy to Reagan.

  • Andrei Gromyko

    Gromyko was Soviet foreign minister for many years, and was heavily involved in numerous treaties and agreements between East and West.

  • Bao Dai

    Bao Dai was the 13th and Last Emperor of Vietnam and South Vietnam 1926-1954.

  • Boris K. Pugo

    Soviet Minister of Interior Affairs from 1990-1991.

  • Boris Yeltsin

    First Russian Federation President from 1991-1999.

  • Chae Byong Duk

    Chae Byong Duk commanded the South Korean armies following the end of World War II.

  • Charles Turner Joy

    Charles Joy served as the commander of US Naval Forces in the Far East from 1949-1952.

  • Clark Clifford

    Clark Clifford was President Johnson's Secretary of Defense from 1968-1969, and was frequently consulted by President Kennedy and President Carter.

  • Clement Attlee

    Clement Attlee was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

  • Creighton W. Abrams

    Creighton Williams Abrams Jr. was a United States Army General in the Vietnam War

  • Curtis LeMay

    Curtis LeMay served in command positions in the Air Force from WWII to 1965. He was the commander of SAC (Strategic Air Command) from 1948-1957.

  • Dean Acheson

    Dean Acheson was Secretary of State during the Truman Administration

  • Dean Rusk

    United States Secretary of States from 1961-1969.

  • Dmitriy Yazov

    Soviet Defense Minister from 1987-1991.

  • Douglas MacArthur

    Douglas MacArthur served for almost his whole life in the Armed Forces. He served in WWI, WWII, and the Korean War.

  • Duong Van Minh

    Military Advisor to Ngo Dinh Diem, 1962-1963; Leader, South Vietnam, 1963, 1975.

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower was US President from 1953-1961; Eisenhower also served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe during World War II.

  • Eduard Shevardnadze

    Soviet Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1985-1990; President of Georgia from 1995-2003.

  • Egon Krenz

    Egon Krenz is a former German Communist politician, who briefly served as leader of East Germany in 1989 replacing Erich Honecker.

  • Erich Honecker

    Honecker was Leader of East Germany from 1971-1989.

  • Frank Pace, Jr.

    Secretary of the United States Army from 1950-1953.

  • Gennadiy Yanayev

    Vice-President of the Soviet Union and leader of the August Coup of 1991.

  • George C. Marshall

    George C. Marshall was a key military figure during WWII, and the period directly following it.

  • George H. W. Bush

    George Herbert Walker Bush was the 41st President of the United States.

  • George W. Ball

    George Wildman Ball was U.S. Undersecretary of State in the administrations of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson

  • Gerald R. Ford

    Gerald R. Ford served as President of the United States from 1973-1977.

  • Harry S. Truman

    President of the United States from 1945-1953.

  • Helmut Kohl

    Dr. Helmut Josef Michael Kohl was Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998.

  • Henry A. Kissinger

    Henry A. Kissinger, a German immigrant, served as Secretary of State for Richard Nixon and was one of his principal advisers during the Vietnam War.

  • Ho Chi Minh

    President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1945-1969.

  • Hoyt S. Vandenberg

    United States Air Force Chief of Staff from 1948-1953.

  • Hubert H. Humphrey

    Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. served as the 38th Vice President of the United States, and twice served as a United States Senator from Minnesota.

  • Ion Iliescu

    Ion Iliescu was the first President of Romania after the fall of communism in 1989.

  • Jacob Malik

    Malik was the Soviet Representative to UN Security Council from 1948-1953.

  • James A. Baker

    James A. Baker was Chief of Staff in the President Ronald Reagan's first administration

  • James A. Van Fleet

    Colonel, US Army, 1941-1944; General, US Eighth Army, 1951-1953.

  • János Kádár

    János Kádár was the General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party from 1956 to 1988, and twice served as prime minister of Hungary.

  • John F. Dulles

    Dulles was an opponent of Truman's containment policy, and became Secretary of State under Eisenhower from 1953-1959.

  • John F. Kennedy

    Kennedy was US President from 1961-1963. Kennedy also served in the US House of Representatives, US Senate, and was a veteran of World War II.

  • John J. Muccio

    Special Representative of the President to Korea, 1948-49; Ambassador to Korea, 1949-52.

  • John Reed Hodge

    John Hodge came from a military background, and served as the commander of the U.S. Third Army from September 1950 to May 1952.

  • Joseph Lawton Collins

    Joseph Collins was a career Army officer.

  • Joseph Stalin

    Leader of the Soviet Union from 1924-1953.

  • Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung served as the Premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea from 1948 to his death in 1994.

  • Konrad Adenauer

    Adenauer was West German Chancellor

  • Le Duan

    Le Duan was an original founder of the Indochina Communist Party.

  • Le Duc Tho

    Le Duc Tho served as Special Adviser to the North Vietnamese Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference from 1968-1973.

  • Lech Walesa

    President of Poland from 1990-1995.

  • Leonid Illyich Brezhnev

    Leonid Illyich Brezhnev was Soviet Premier from 1964-1982.

  • Leonid M. Kravchuk

    Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk is a Ukrainian politician, and was a key supporter of the Ukrainian independence movement.

  • Lewis B. Puller

    Officer in the United States Marine Corps from 1918-1955.

  • Lyndon B. Johnson

    Johnson became the Vice President under John F. Kennedy in 1961, and later became President following Kennedy's assassination.

  • Mao Zedong

    Leader of the People's Republic of China from 1949-1976.

  • Margaret Thatcher

    British Prime Minister from 1979-1990.

  • Mark W. Clark

    Mark Clark was the commander of UN and US Forces in Korea from 1952-1953.

  • Matthew B. Ridgway

    Commander, UN and US Troops in Korea, 1951-1952; Commander, NATO Forces in Europe, 1952-1953; Chief of Staff, US Army, 1953-1955.

  • Mikhail Gorbachev

    Mikhail Gorbachev was the Soviet premier from March 1985-1991.

  • Miklós Németh

    President of Hungary from 1988 to 1990.

  • Ngo Dinh Diem

    Diem was Prime Minister of South Vietnam from 1954-1963.

  • Ngo Dinh Nhu

    Ngo Dinh Nhu was the younger brother and chief political advisor of Ngo Dinh Diem.

  • Nguyen Cao Ky

    Nguyen Cao Ky was Premier of the Republic of South Vietnam, 1965-1967

  • Nguyen Huu Tho

    Nguyen Huu Tho served as the acting President of Vietnam from March 30, 1980 to July 4, 1981.

  • Nguyen Khanh

    Nguyen Khanh served as Prime Minister of South Vietnam from 1964-1965.

  • Nguyen Van Thieu

    General, South Veitnamese Army, 1962-1965; Secretary of State, South Vietnam, 1965-1967; President, South Vietnam, 1967-1975.

  • Nicolae Ceauşescu

    Nicolae Ceauşescu was the leader of Communist Romania, 1965-1989.

  • Nikita S. Khrushchev

    Khrushchev was First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) from 1953 to 1964.

  • Oliver P. Smith

    Chief of Staff, United States Marine Corps from 1948-1950.

  • Paik Sun Yup

    Major General of the Republic of Korea Army from 1945-1950.

  • Pham Van Dong

    Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1954-1976.

  • Richard Nixon

    President of the United States from 1969-1974.

  • Robert McNamara

    Robert McNamara was the Secretary of Defense from 1961-1968 and President of the World Bank from 1968-1981.

  • Ronald Reagan

    President of the United States from 1981-1989.

  • Syngman Rhee

    First President of South Korea from 1948-1960.

  • Tran Van Tra

    Minister of Defense, Provisional Revolutionary Government, 1969-1996.

  • Trygve Lie

    Trygve Lie, a Norwegian, served as the first Secretary General of the United Nations from 1946-1952.

  • Vaclav Havel

    Vaclav Havel was a leading figure in the Czechoslovakian "Velvet Revolution" of 1989.

  • Valentin Pavlov

    Prime Minister of the U.S.S.R. from January to August 1991.

  • Van Tien Dung

    North Vietnam Military Chief of Staff from 1953-1980.

  • Vladimir A. Kryuchkov

    Vladimir Aleksandrovich Kryuchkov was a Russian politician, statesman, and Army General. Kryuchkov was a leader of the attempted August Coup of 1991.

  • Vo Nguyen Giap

    Defense Minister of North Vietnam and Vietnam from 1944-1980. Commander in the French-Indochina War and the Vietnam War.

  • Vyacheslav Molotov

    Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs

  • Walt W. Rostow

    National Security advisor in the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations.

  • Walter Ulbricht

    Leader of East Germany from 1950-1971.

  • Walton H. Walker

    Major general, Eighth Army, 1949-1950.

  • William Averell Harriman

    William Averell Harriman was appointed as Secretary of Commerce in 1946, and worked on the Marshall Plan from 1949-1950.

  • William C. Westmoreland

    US Military commander in the Vietnam War.

  • William F. Dean

    In October 1947 Dean became the military governor of Korea, and returned in 1950 from Japan to turn back the North Korean invasion.

  • William P. Bundy

    William Bundy was a member of the CIA and advisor to President Lyndon B. Johnson.

  • Willy Brandt

    Willy Brandt was West German Chancellor.

  • Wojciech Jaruzelski

    Wojciech Jaruzelski was a communist Polish political and military leader.

  • Yo Un-hyong

    Co-founder, Korean Provisional Government, 1919; Leader, Korean People's Republic, 1945-1947.

  • Yuri Andropov

    Yuri Andropov was a Soviet politician and General Secretary of the CPSU

  • Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai, a co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party, rose to become the Chinese Premier from 1949-1976.

Essays

  • ESSAYS

  • Hope M. Harrison

    Berlin Introduction

    Berlin was at the heart of the Cold War.

  • Jordan Baev

    Bulgaria's "Unnoticed Transition"

    The unnoticed transition in Bulgaria

  • Shan McHale

    Clash of Cultures

    When did the Cold War turn into a conflict between the United States and the communist regime of North Vietnam?

  • Oldřich Tůma

    Czechoslovakia's Velvet Revolution

    How the people and a poet peacefully dismantled communism in six weeks

  • Christian Ostermann

    East German Uprising

    The roots of the summer 1953 East German crisis date back to July 1952.

  • Human Choices that Ended the Cold War

    Individual actors and their choices that helped bring the Cold War to an end

  • Gregg Brazinsky

    Korean War Introduction

    The Korean War was a complex and multifaceted event that played a determining role in the evolution of the Cold War in Asia.

  • Mircea Munteanu

    Revolution in Romania

    The end of the Cold War in Romania, 1989

  • Solidarity in Poland

    The Solidarity movement was the driving force of Poland's break from Communism

  • Thomas Blanton

    The End of the Cold War

    The Cold War met a miraculous end during the late 1980s

  • Hans-Hermann Hertle

    The Fall of the Berlin Wall

    The fall of the Berlin Wall stands as a symbol of the end of the Cold War

  • Kathryn Weathersby

    The US, the USSR, and the the Korean War

    When the Soviet-supplied tanks of the North Korean army crossed the 38th parallel, the US and its allies reacted with intense alarm.

  • Vietnam Introduction

    The war in Indochina was a long and tragic episode in the Cold War