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Digital Archive International History Declassified

RESOURCE INDEX

Biographies

  • BIOGRAPHIES

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    An Ho-sang

    Dr. An served as the minister of education in ROK from 1948 to 1950 and was the author of South Korea's Education Law of 1949.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    An Ik-tae

    Musician who pioneered Western-style music in Korea and composed the tune now used for the South Korean national anthem in 1936.

  • James E. Hoare

    An Jae-hong

    An Jae-hong was a progressive nationalist who went to the DPRK during the Korean War and graduated from Waseda University of Japan in 1914.

  • James E. Hoare

    An Jung-geun

    An Jung-geun was a Korean independence activist who assassinated Ito Hirobumi, the first Japanese resident general of Korea.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    An Su-gil

    Writer who was detained in the Gwangju incident who went to the DPRK after 1945 but reached Seoul in 1948.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Baek Seon-yeop

    When the Korean War began in June 1950, Baek was in command of the 1st Division, one of the four South Korean divisions on duty on the 38th parallel.

  • James E. Hoare

    Cho Man-sik

    Cho Man-sik was a christian nationalist leader and strong rival of Kim Il Sung who was purged due to his opposition to the trusteeship.

  • James E. Hoare

    Choe Deok-sin

    Choe Deok-sin was head of Cheondogyo, an indigenous religion, in the DPRK and also the highest ranking defector from the ROK.

  • James E. Hoare

    Choe Gwang

    Choe Gwang was a guerrilla war fighter in the 1930s in Manchuria and fought the Korean War as a commander of the 13th Division.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Choe Gyu-ha

    Following the death of President Park Chung Hee, Choe became acting president from October to December 1979. He then became president of the ROK.

  • James E. Hoare

    Choe Hong-hui

    Choe Hong-hui was a South Korean ambassador for taekwondo and sought to use the sport to promote reconciliation with North Korea.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Choe Nam-seon

    Choe established a reputation as a poet and as one of the early leaders of the new culture movement in Korea and published many works.

  • James E. Hoare

    Choe Seong-cheol

    Choe Seong-cheol organized the visit of President Roh Moo-hyun to the DPRK for the October 2007 Inter-Korean Summit.

  • James E. Hoare

    Choe Tae-bok

    Choe Tae-bok is the secretary for international relations of the Central Committee of the Korean Workers' Party.

  • James E. Hoare

    Choe Yeong-rim

    Choe Yeong-rim has served as Premier of North Korea’s State Council.

  • James E. Hoare

    Choe Yong-geon

    Guerrilla leader, military commander, party and state deputy, Choe was one of the most loyal supporters of Kim Il Sung throughout his career.

  • James E. Hoare

    Chun Doo-hwan

    Chun Doo-hwan was a Republic of Korea general and president from 1980 to 1987.

  • Christine Kim

    Francesca Rhee

    Francesca Rhee was the Austrian-born wife of Syngman Rhee and served as the First Lady of the Republic of Korea from 1948 until 1960.

  • James F. Person

    Gi Seok-bok

    Gi Seok-bok was the President of the DPRK Military Academy before returning to the Soviet Union in 1957.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Ham Seok-heon

    Ham joined the Korean Quaker movement in 1960, becoming the voice of Korean pacifists and a champion for peace and democracy.

  • James E. Hoare

    Han Duk-su

    Head of the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan (the Chosen Soren) from its foundation in 1955 until his death in February 2001.

  • James E. Hoare

    Han Seol-ya

    Han Seol-ya (usually romanized as Han Solya in the Republic of Korea) was a novelist and the first official biographer of Kim Il Sung.

  • James E. Hoare

    Heo Dam

    Heo Dam (also Ho Dam) was for many years the diplomatic face of the DPRK and the first DPRK minister to visit the United States.

  • James E. Hoare

    Heo Ga-i

    Heo Ga-i was one of the leading Soviet Koreans, who played a major role in the establishment of the Korean Workers' Party (KWP).

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Heo Jeong

    Heo became acting president following the fall of the First Republic in April 1960, bringing in the Second Republic in August 1960.

  • James E. Hoare

    Hong Seok-jung

    Hong Seok-jung is a novelist and short story writer in DPRK and is the grandson of Hong Myeong-hui, a respected writer.

  • James E. Hoare

    Hwang Jang-yeop

    Once the secretary of the Central Committee of the KWP, Hwang became the highest-ranking defector from the DPRK since the Korean War.

  • James E. Hoare

    Hyeon Cheol-hae

    General Hyeon was identified in the ROK media during autumn 2008 as the military figure who had accompanied Kim Jong Il the most during the year.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Im Won-sik

    A major figure on the modern South Korean musical scene, Im was a conductor who studied in Japan and the Julliard School of Music in the US.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jang Deok-su

    A prominent right-wing nationalist, who was educated at Tokyo's Waseda University, who later received a Ph.D. from Columbia University.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jang Do-yeong

    Jang became chairman of the Military Revolutionary Committee (MRC) in 1961, charged for anti-revolutionary plot but pardoned by Park Chung Hee.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jang Myeon

    When the First Republic fell and the National Assembly adopted a new constitution in August 1960, Jang was chosen as prime minister.

  • James E. Hoare

    Jang Seong-taek

    Brother-in-law of the DPRK leader Kim Jong Il, married to Kim's only sister, Kim Gyeong-hui, and uncle of the current DPRK leader Kim Jong Un.

  • James E. Hoare

    Jang Seong-u

    Armed Forces' vice marshal and elder brother of Jang Seong-taek, the brother-in-law of the DPRK former leader Kim Jong Il.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jang Taek-sang

    Jang became ROK legislator in 1950, and then was appointed as prime minister in 1952.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jeong Il-gwon

    Jeong played a prominent role in the suppression of the Yeosu-Suncheon Rebellion and reportedly saved Park Chung Hee.

  • James E. Hoare

    Jeong Ju-yeong

    Jeong Ju-yeong was a leading businessman in the Republic of Korea and a proponent of the Sunshine Policy.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jeong Seung-hwa

    Jeong was the army chief of staff when ROK President Park Chung Hee was assassinated. He was quickly appointed as martial law commander.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Ji Cheong-cheon

    In 1919, Ji fled from Korea after taking part in the March First Movement and joined an anti-Japanese military group of Koreans in Manchuria.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jo Bong-am

    After serving a one-year prison term in 1919 for his participation in the March First demonstrations, Jo joined a radical leftist group in Tokyo..

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Jo Byeong-ok

    Jo was educated at Christian schools in Korea and studied at Columbia University, where he was strongly influenced by liberal and democratic ideas.

  • James E. Hoare

    Jo Myeong-rok

    Jo visited the United States as a special envoy from Kim Jong Il, the highest ranking DPRK officer ever to do so, meeting US President Bill Clinton.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kang Seok-ju

    Kang, once a North Korean first vice minister of foreign affairs, was a leading negotiator especially during the first nuclear crisis.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kang Seong-san

    Kang is a technocrat and has been premier twice.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kang Yeong-hun

    Kang served as prime minister of ROK (1988-1990) and as the president of the National Red Cross (1991-1997).

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Bok-sin

    Kim Bok-sin, born in North Pyeongan Province, is one of the few women to have reached political prominence in the DPRK.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Chaek

    Kim Chaek was an ally and important counterpart to Kim Il Sung until his death in 1951.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Chang-ryong

    Kim was noted for the fervor of his anticommunist activities and some have linked him to the assassination of Kim Gu in 1949.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Dae-jung

    A longtime opposition politician in the ROK, Kim became president in 1997 and won the Nobel Peace Prize through his sunshine policy.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Du-bong

    Veteran communist and leader of the Yan'an faction of Korean communists who fought alongside the CCP the 1930s.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Gi-nam

    Kim has been the secretary of the KWP CC since July 2000 and is also vice-chairman of the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Gu

    Kim worked with Syngman Rhee following Korean independence but opposed the UN decision to establish a Korean government only in the South.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Gye-gwan

    DPRK first senior vice minister of foreign affairs from September 2010. He was one of the leading DPRK negotiators on the nuclear issue.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Gyeong-hui

    Kim Gyeong-hui was born in Pyongyang on 30 June 1946, the only daughter of Kim Il Sung and his first wife, Kim Jeong-suk.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Gyeong-jin

    Kim Gyeong-jin is the daughter of Kim Il Sung and his second wife, Kim Seong-ae, and was therefore half-sister to the late DPRK leader Kim Jong Il.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Gyu-sik

    A leader of the Korean independence movement who opposed to Syngman Rhee's plan to establish a separate government in South Korea.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Hwal-lan

    Kim obtained her doctoral degree from Columbia University in 1931 and was the first Korean woman to do so.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Hwan-gi

    After study in Japan, Kim (also known as Kim Whanki) returned to Korea in 1937 and became the leading Korean experimenter with abstract art.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Hyeon-hui

    Kim Hyeon-hui was responsible for the KAL 858 bombing, which she said had been ordered by Kim Jong Il to disrupt the 1988 Olympics.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Il Sung

    Leader and ruler of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea from its founding in 1948 until his death in July 1994.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Jeong-cheol

    Kim Jeong-cheol is the second son of the late DPRK leader Kim Jong Il, the brother of Kim Jong Un, and the half-brother of Kim Jeong-nam.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Jeong-nam

    Eldest son of Kim Jong Il and reportedly his father's favorite while he was a young child.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Jeong-suk

    First wife of Kim Il Sung and mother of Kim Jong Il, Kim Man-il, and Kim Gyeong-hui.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Jong Il

    Leader of the DPRK from July 1994, when he succeeded his father, Kim Il Sung, until his death, reportedly from a heart attack on 17 December 2011.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Jong Un

    Third son of Kim Jong Il and the current DPRK leader, having succeeded Kim Jong Il in 2011.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Jong-pil

    A South Korean politician who established the Korean Central Intelligence Agency in 1961 and was Prime Minister during Kim Dae Jung's presidency.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Jung-rin

    At the time of his death in April 2010, Kim Jung-rin had been active in the Korean Workers' Party (KWP) since 1954.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Man-il

    Kim Man-il was the second son of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jeong-suk and the younger brother of Kim Jong Il.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Ok

    Kim Ok reportedly has been the personal secretariat of the DPRK's late leader Kim Jong Il and rumored to have been his mistress or wife.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Pyeong-il

    Kim Pyeong-il is half-brother to Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) leader Kim Jong Il.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Sang-hyeop

    ROK Prime Minister from 1982 to 1983 and the President of the Korean Red Cross Society in 1985.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Sang-man

    Kim spent his entire public career as a newspaperman with the Dong-A Ilbo and was for several years chairman of the Press Foundation of Asia.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Seong-ae

    Secretary and second wife of Kim Il Sung and mother of Kim Gyeong-jin (1953), Kim Pyeong-il (1955), and Kim Yeong-il (1957).

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Seong-su

    In 1920, Kim established Dong-A Ilbo to maintain Korean nationalistic spirit and established the Korean Democratic Party in 1947 with others.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Sin-jo

    Kim Sin-jo is the only surviving member of a 31-member DPRK commando team that staged the 1968 Blue House raid to kill ROK President Park Chung hee.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Su-hwan

    Cardinal Kim Su-hwan (Stephen Kim) was the leader of the Roman Catholic Church in South Korea from 1968 until he retired in 1998.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Won-gyun

    Prominent composer, who in 1947 composed the national anthem of the DPRK, as well as songs such as the "Song of General Kim Il Sung".

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Yeong-cheol

    Lieutenant general in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) armed forces and head of the Policy Bureau of the National Defense Commission.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Yeong-cheon

    Appointed minister of the armed forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in 2009.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Yeong-il

    Kim Yeong-il was premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) from April 2007 until June 2010.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Kim Yeong-il

    Kim Yeong-il, who writes under the pen name, Kim Ji-ha, became the best-known South Korean dissident writer under President Park Chung Hee.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Yeong-ju

    Younger brother of Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) leader Kim Il Sung and for many years was seen as the likely successor.

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Yeong-nam

    Kim Yeong-nam is the ceremonial head of state of the DPRK, as chairman of the presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (SPA).

  • James E. Hoare

    Kim Young-sam

    President of the Republic of Korea (ROK) from 1993 to 1998.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Ko Hui-dong

    A Korean artist who pioneered the application of Western painting techniques to the traditional Korean approach to painting.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ko Yeong-hui

    Third known partner (wife or possibly mistress) of the former DPRK leader Kim Jong Il, frequently described as his favorite.

  • James E. Hoare

    Lee Hu-rak

    Yi became the director of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) in 1970 and led the 4 July 1972 North-South Joint Communique.

  • James E. Hoare

    Lee Myung-bak

    Lee Myung-bak was elected president of the Republic of Korea (ROK) in 2007.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Moon Seon-myeong

    Charismatic founder of the T'ongilgyo or Unification Church, who was born in North Korea.

  • James E. Hoare

    Mu Jeong

    Active in the anti-Japanese guerrilla movement in the 1930s, Mu Jeong was purged during the Korean War (1950-53).

  • James E. Hoare

    Nam Il

    A soldier and negotiator, Nam II was one of the few Soviet Koreans to survive the various purges by which Kim Il Sung consolidated his power.

  • James E. Hoare

    O Geuk-ryeol

    O Geuk-ryeol is the of son a veteran of the anti-Japanese guerrilla movement in Manchuria and a leading military figure in North Korea.

  • James E. Hoare

    O Jin-u

    O Jin-u was a senior military figure in North Korea and a close companion of Kim Il Sung.

  • James E. Hoare

    Pak Bong-ju

    Pak Bong-ju was Premier of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea from September 2003 to April 2007.

  • James F. Person

    Pak Chang-ok

    Pak Chang-ok encountered Kim Il Sung in an intense standoff in August 1956.

  • James E. Hoare

    Pak Heon-yeong

    Pak Heon-yeong was arrested for treason in North Korea in 1953 and is presumed to have been executed in 1956.

  • James E. Hoare

    Pak Nam-gi

    Pak Nam-gi has long been seen as a leading figure in the economic development of North Korea.

  • James E. Hoare

    Pak Nam-seon

    Pak Nam-seon was the North Korean foreign minister from 1998 until his death in 2007.

  • James E. Hoare

    Pak Seong-cheol

    Pak Seong-cheol was a former guerrilla fighter in Manchuria in the 1930s and was North Korean prime minister in the 1970s.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Pak Sun-cheon

    Elected to the National Assembly, Pak became one of the most influential politicians and a leading opposition member from 1950 to 1971.

  • James F. Person

    Pak Yeong-bin

    Pak Yeong-bin worked closely with Soviet authorities during the Red Army's occupation of North Korea.

  • James F. Person

    Pang Hak-se

    Pang Hak-se was Minister of the Interior in North Korea until 1958.

  • Gregg A. Brazinky

    Park Chung Hee

    Park Chung Hee was the single most influential figure in South Korean politics during the twentieth century.

  • Christine Kim

    Park Tae-joon

    A South Korean general, businessman, and politician, Park Tae-joon founded the steel manufacturing company POSCO.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Cheol

    A senior DPRK diplomat, the ambassador to the DPRK UN mission in Geneva (1987-2010), and concurrently the ambassador to Switzerland (1988-2010).

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Chun-hi

    Ri Chun-hi is the face of television news in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Geun

    Director general of the North American affairs bureau of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and deputy of Kim Gye-gwan in the Six Party Talks.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Gwang-geun

    Ri was reportedly a deputy director of the KWP CC United Front Department in 2009, with oversight for inter-Korean economic affairs.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri In-mo

    Ri In-mo was a war correspondent who accompanied the DPRK armed forces during the invasion of the ROK at the outbreak of the Korean War.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Myeong-su

    Ri is director of the administrative department of the National Defense Commission and was reportedly close to Kim Jong Il.

  • James F. Person

    Ri Sang-jo

    In 1956, Ri Sang-jo encouraged the Soviets to intervene in North Korean politics.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Seung-gi

    Ri Seung-gi was the leading DPRK scientist that contributed to the DPRK's nuclear weapons development.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Yeong-ho

    A vice marshal in the DPRK armed forces, who played a prominent role in the ceremonies after the death of DPRK leader Kim Jong Il in December 2011.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Yeong-nam

    Ri first appeared as a vice minister of foreign trade in April 2005 and in March 2008, he became minister of foreign trade.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ri Yong-ho

    A senior diplomat and the first Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) ambassador to Great Britain.

  • James E. Hoare

    Rim Chun-chu

    At the time of his death in April 1988, Rim Chun-chu was a vice president of the DPRK and ranked sixth on the list of the KWP hierarchy.

  • James E. Hoare

    Roh Tae-woo

    President of the Republic of Korea (ROK) from 1988 to 1993.

  • James E. Hoare

    Ryeo Won-gu

    Ryeo Won-gu (also Yo Won-gu) was the third daughter of the anti-Japanese campaigner and political activist Yeo Un-hyung (1885-1947).

  • James E. Hoare

    Ryeo Yeon-gu

    The older sister of Ryeo Won-gu, Ryeo was born in Shanghai, where their father, the anti-Japanese activist, Yeo Un-hyung (1885-1947), was in exile.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Shin Ik-hui

    Shin became nominated as a presidential candidate in the 1956 election but died of stroke during campaign.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Song Du-yul

    Often labeled a North Korean supporter, Song sued Hwang Jang-yeop for defamation and won the case in 2001.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Song Jin-u

    As President of Dong-A Ilbo, Song played an important role as a nationalist leader during the Japanese colonial period.

  • James E. Hoare

    Terentii Fomich Shtykov

    Terentii Fomich Shtykov was political advisor and first ambassador of the Soviet Union to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yeo Un-hyeong

    A long-time activist who tried to unite the rightists and leftists but was made target of bitter criticism by both groups and was assassinated.

  • James E. Hoare

    Yeon Hyeong-muk

    Premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) from 1989 to 1992, Yeon was born to a revolutionary family in North Hamgyeong Province.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yi Beom-seok

    In 1948, Yi Beom-seok became the first prime minister and concurrently the minister of defense of the newly established Republic of Korea.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yi Beom-seok

    Better known to foreigners as Lee Beom Seok, he was foreign minister of ROK from May 1982 until his death in the 1983 Rangoon bombing incident.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yi Gi-bung

    Yi ran his second time of vice presidency in 1960 and won but committed suicide after the April 1960 Student Uprising.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yi Gu

    The only son of the last crown prince of the Yi dynasty, which ruled Korea from 1392-1910.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yi Hoe-chang

    The youngest-ever Supreme Court judge in South Korea who twice ran unsuccessfully for president in 1997 and 2002.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yi In-je

    In 1997, Yi became a presidential candidate for the newly formed New Party for the People but failed to win the election.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yi Si-yeong

    Yi was a former high-ranking official in the government of the Yi dynasty. In 1930, he and Kim Gu formed the Korean Independence Party.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yu Jin-o

    Served as President of Korea University, Yu was nominated as a presidential candidate for the 1967 race but made Yun Bo-seon the sole candidate.

  • Christine Kim

    Yuk Yeong-su

    Yuk Yeong-su, wife of Korean president Park Chung Hee, served as First Lady of the Republic of Korea from 1963 to 1974.

  • Andrew C. Nahm and James E. Hoare

    Yun Bo-seon

    When the First Republic fell, Yun was elected by the National Assembly as the president at the time of the Military Revolution of 16 May 1961.

  • James E. Hoare

    Yun I-sang

    Yun was the most famous Korean composer of the 20th century, but for most of his life, he was more esteemed in the DPRK than in the ROK.

Essays

  • ESSAYS

  • James E. Hoare

    Constitution of the DPRK

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has had a number of constitutions since its establishment in 1948

  • Chen Jian

    North Korea’s Relations with China

    Despite that the PRC has been the DPRK’s main ally since the 1950s, Beijing’s relations with Pyongyang are by no means without serious problems.

  • James E. Hoare

    Supreme Peoples’ Assembly

    The Supreme People’s Assembly (SPA) is the legislative body (parliament) of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

  • Gregg Brazinsky

    The Korean War

    The Korean War was a complex and multifaceted event that played a determining role in the evolution of the Cold War in Asia.

  • Mitchell Lerner

    The Second Korean War

    Beginning in late 1966, a series of small conflicts erupted on the Korean Peninsula for the first time since the Korean War.

  • Daniel Oh

    The Two Koreas and the Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War was one of the most influential events during the 1960s, shaping how each Korea would view each other, as well as the United States.

  • Mitchell Lerner

    The USS Pueblo Incident

    North Korea's seizure of the USS Pueblo nearly engulfed the Korean Peninsula in yet another war.

  • James E. Hoare

    Three Revolutions Team Movement

    The Three Revolutions Team Movement was a campaign begun by Kim Jong Il in 1973.

  • Daniel Oh

    US-Korea Military Alliance

    The US-ROK Military alliance has served as the foundation to the overall US-Korean relationship since its existence.

  • Gregg Brazinsky

    US-South Korea Relations, 1945-

    The US-South Korean relationship was one of America’s most important Cold War partnerships.