Nuclear Proliferation International History Project (NPIHP) explores the international history of nuclear weapons and their proliferation using archival documents and oral history interviews from countries such as Argentina, Brazil, China, Israel, India, South Africa, Sweden and more. (Image, Enrico Fermi, Smithsonian)
Documents on the history of nuclear proliferation, the arms race, and disarmament efforts.
Nuclear Debate Pamphlets
Pamphlets from both pro- and anti-nuclear organizations published during the 1980 period of rising tensions and the decline of déténte.
Warsaw Pact Military Planning
Documents on military cooperation and shared exercises among the Warsaw Pact states.
Documents on the period of confrontation and building tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States from 1979 to 1983.
The European Atomic Energy Community was established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957
Cuban Missile Crisis
The thirteen day confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States over the placement of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Brazilian Nuclear History
The evolution of the Brazilian nuclear program from 1947 to its end in 1989.
Chinese Nuclear History
Although Mao Zedong said the "atom bomb is a paper tiger" in 1946, he nevertheless prioritized the development of a Chinese nuclear program.
French Nuclear History
Documents on the history of French nuclear development, focusing on secret technical assistance provided by the United States in the 1970s and 1980s.
Indian Nuclear History
Documents on the history of Indian nuclear development, focusing on assistance from and intervention by the Soviet Union and the United States.
Israeli Nuclear History
Documents on the history of Israeli nuclear development.
Pakistani Nuclear History
Documents on the history of Pakistani nuclear development.
South African Nuclear History
Documents on the history of South African nuclear development.
Soviet Nuclear History
Documents on the history of Soviet nuclear development.
The KGB operated a worldwide intelligence network to monitor indicators and assess the likelihood of a surprise nuclear missile attack.
North Korean Nuclear History
Formerly secret documents from the communist word reveal that North Korea's nuclear program began as early as the 1960s.
South Korean Nuclear History
The South Korean nuclear program was one of Park Chung Hee's most controversial decisions, threatening the alliance with the United States.
Ukrainian Nuclear History
Documents on Ukraine's nuclear history.