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International History Declassified

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New Data Visualization Discovery Tool

The Visualization Tool enables users to see connections between people, places, and topics across the Digital Archive, and offers new ways to discover historical documents.

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Data Visualization

The Visualization Tool enables users to see connections between people, places, and topics across the Digital Archive, and offers new ways to discover historical documents.

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Recently Added Documents

February 2001

Letter to Saudi Crown Prince Abdallah Bin Abdul Aziz from Saddam Hussein Asking for Help and Admitting a Mistake; Letter from Izzat Ibrahim to the Same Prince

Letter to Saudi Crown Prince Abdallah Bin Abdul Aziz from Saddam Hussein Asking for Help and Admitting a Mistake; Letter from Izzat Ibrahim to the Same Prince

October 19, 1979

A Handwritten Letter from Qasim Salam to Saddam Hussein

This file includes a handwritten letter from Qasim Salam to Saddam Hussein dated 19 October 1978 regarding the latest events in Yemen and some notes on these events, including the Saudi-Yemeni conspiracy to kill Ba'ath Party members.

May 1, 1991

Saddam Hussein and Military Officials Discussing the Condition of the Iraqi Army and Its Possible Enlargement

This audio file from a meeting dated 1 May 1991 between Saddam Hussein and the General Command of the Army regarding the enlargement of the Army, the political changes which affect the Army and its training. Saddam Hussein admired the forming of the Republican Guards groups, soldeirs who participated in Qadissyah Saddam (Iran-Iraq War). In addition, this file includes a discussion regarding the invasion of Kuwait and the low morale of Iraqi soldiers, the American request to cease-fire because of the Iraqi soldiers' brevity, the gradual erosion of Iraqi morale on the front, and the increase of Divisions' numbers within the Army. Major General Sultan discussed the use of high-technology weapons by the American forces in the First Gulf War.

July 1993

Saddam Meets with Tariq Aziz and Iraqi High-ranking Officials Regarding Ekeus, Inspections, and other Matters

This audio file contains a meeting between Saddam Hussein and Iraqi high-ranking officials in which they discuss different issues. Tarqi Aziz discusses the technical negotiations in New York, and the Security Council Resolution 687 of 1991. He asks whether the sanctions will be lifted after the end of the special commission. He recommends hurrying with the commission to shorten the period of inspection and to let them use the cameras they requested in order to claim Iraq had not imposed any obstacles during the inspection process. Saddam states the special target group is concerned with future observation rather than what they have already done so far. He adds that the attempts of overthrowing the regime have failed, thus they insist on using cameras to guarantee future observation. One of the speakers advises to let the team work in a technical and a professional mechanism away from means of media which always exaggerate things and make matters worse. Saddam shifts to another subject, saying that Iraq has unmasked western democracy. They discuss European political affairs, ruling parties, socialism, and what Arabs and Asians face from offering those hard jobs and low positions requiring only physical effort. Finally, they agree to send a message to the commission saying that when you believe in an appropriate way towards Iraq, you will have positive results. 

October 18, 1984

Saddam and Officials Discussing Military Operations and Secret Project During the Iran-Iraq War

This audio file contains a meeting between Saddam Hussein and unknown officials dated 18 Oct 1984. They are discussing military and diplomatic issues pertaining to the Iran-Iraq War