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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

This is a collection of declassified documents pertaining to Radio Free Europe (RFE) and Radio Liberty (RL) – Radios which were overseen and funded by the Central Intelligence Agency until 1971, funded there after by open Congressional appropriation, and merged in 1976 as RFE/RL, Inc. The documents were used as primary sources for A. Ross Johnson's book ''Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty: The CIA Years and Beyond'' or published in the appendix of ''Cold War Broadcasting: Impact on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe'' edited by A. Ross Johnson and R. Eugene Parta. See also CWIHP e-Dossier No. 32 and e-Dossier No. 59 for introductions to the documents, and the related collections Intelligence Operations in the Cold War, and Mass Media and Censorship. (Image, RFE broadcaster Nowak-Jezioraski, 1952)

  • February 28, 1957

    Policy Guidance for Radio Broadcasting to Hungary

    Robert Murphy and Allen Dulles agree that Radio Free Europe and the Voice of America should treat the March 15 anniversary of Hungarian Independence Day with caution.

  • March 05, 1957

    State Department and CIA Officials Discuss Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberation

    Robert Murphy, Allen Dulles, and other officials review on March 2 State Department recommendations contained in a memorandum dated January 10 [document not released] and agree that the charter of the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP) include drafting Radio Free Europe (RFE) country policy guidances and considering reductions in RFE broadcasts

  • March 18, 1957

    Views of Ambassador Wailes on Hungarian Situation

    Ambassador Edward T. Wailes and Hungarian Embassy DCM Leonard Meeker brief International Organizations Division (IOD) officers on Hungarian developments and their appraisal of Radio Free Europe's role in late 1956

  • March 20, 1957

    Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy Minutes

    Minutes of the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP) meeting of that date, attended by State Department, USIA (United States Information Agency), and CIA officials

  • May 01, 1957

    Ambassador Bohlen’s Views of Radio Liberation

    Cord Meyer forwards to Richard Helms his account of Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen’s views of RL provided to a Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP) meeting on April 24. Minutes of the meeting are provided in a State Department memorandum dated April 25

  • June 05, 1957

    Radio Free Europe Coverage of Imre Nagy Reviewed

    An International Organizations Division (IOD) officer in the CIA critically reviews treatment of Imre Nagy in RFE Hungarian broadcasts in October-November 1956

  • August 09, 1957

    Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy Discussion

    An International Organizations Division (IOD) officer recounts differences among the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP) members about Radio Free Europe (RFE) country policy papers and discerns considerable overlap between RFE and the Voice of America (VOA).

  • August 15, 1957

    Voice of America Broadcasting Policy for Czechoslovakia

    Voice of America (VOA) country policy guidelines for Czechoslovakia, endorsed by the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy (CRBP), one of a series of East European country guidelines for VOA complementing country guidelines for Radio Free Europe (RFE).

  • August 20, 1957

    Radio Free Europe Broadcasting Policy for Poland

    Policy guidelines for Radio Free Europe broadcasts to Poland as approved by the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy.

  • August 21, 1957

    Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy Minutes

    Minutes of CRBP meeting on August 20, 1957

  • September 01, 1957

    Policy Guidance for Radio Free Europe on UN Special Session on Hungary

    International Organizations Division drafts policy guidelines for RFE broadcasts

  • January 30, 1958

    Radio Free Europe Broadcasts to Poland Reappraised

    Radio Free Europe, State Department, and CIA officials review Radio Free Europe broadcasts to Poland in response to State Department criticism

  • March 06, 1958

    Radio Liberty Russian Broadcasts Reviewed

    An International Organizations Division reviewer highlights problems in Radio Liberty Russian programs in early 1958

  • May 01, 1958

    Radio Liberty Broadcasting Policy Guidelines

    Policy guidelines for Radio Liberty broadcasting approved by the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy.

  • May 01, 1958

    Voice of America Russian Broadcasting Guidelines

    USIA guidelines for VOA Russian broadcasting policy, endorsed by the Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy.

  • May 26, 1958

    Defense of Radio Liberty Russian Broadcasts

    Cord Meyer informs Allen Dulles about an International Organizations Division review concluding that AMCOMLIB co-founder Isaac Don Levine’s criticisms of RL Russian broadcasts are largely baseless.

  • June 02, 1958

    Voice of America and Radio Free Europe Polish Broadcasts Reviewed

    Minutes of a Committee on Radio Broadcasting Policy meeting on April 17, 1958, focused on State Department criticisms of RFE broadcasts to Poland

  • June 15, 1958

    Gray Broadcasting Operations

    Attachments to a letter from Allen Dulles to President Eisenhower define “gray broadcasting” and summarize Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty operations.

  • September 15, 1958

    Report to Central Committee on Press Conference about 'Provocative and Subversive Activities of American Radio Stations'

    Description of a 1958 press conference in Moscow organized by the State Committee on Cultural Relations, with KGB assistance, to discredit Western broadcasts to the USSR and Eastern Europe. The press conference drew on the presence of alleged former employees of the radio stations.

  • January 05, 1959

    Memorandum from International Organizations Division Chief Cord Meyer to Director of Central Intelligence, 'Resignation of Mr. C. D. Jackson from the Board of the Free Europe Committee'

    Cord Meyer reviews for Allen Dulles State Department policy on Hungary and Poland that led C.D.Jackson to resign from the Free Europe Committee and urges Dulles to ask Jackson to reconsider.