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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea. See also the Digital Archive collection on Repatriation to North Korea.

  • December 09, 1969

    First Secretary of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, 'Korean-Chinese Relations in 1969'

    The document indicates that there was a significant shift towards the normalization of relations between DPRK and China in 1969, particularly since June-July when the talks on the border settlement began.

  • April 10, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Principal Secretary of UNCURK Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on the JAL flight hijacking incident's implications on ROK-Japan relations, UN Command and DPRK meeting on Armistice violations, and renewed DMZ incidents.

  • April 24, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Joint Communique between DPRK and PRC

    The joint communique issued by the governments of the DPRK and PRC stressed the strengthening alliance between the two countries, the U.S. as the main agressor, the hope for reunification of the Koreas and Chinas, and the condemnation of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

  • May 05, 1970

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The embassy of Hungary in North Korea reports on a recent discussion with Soviet Ambassador Sudarikov, who commented on Chinese-North Korean relations and the situation in Cambodia.

  • June 16, 1970

    Brief Summary of Conversation between Comrades Zhou Enlai and Kang Sheng on 16 June 1970 with Myself [Kadri Hazbiu] and Cmrade Xhoxhi Robo

    Kadri Hazbiu has a wide ranging talk with Zhou Enlai, covering American imperialism, Sino-North Korean relations, Sino-Albanian relations, and Sino-Romanian relations, among other topics.

  • August 10, 1970

    Opinions from the State Council on Correctly Administering the Korean Nationals Issue

    The State Council expresses concern over complaints of discrimination against Korean nationals in China and specifies the correct policies to administer to Korean nationals in China.

  • September 05, 1970

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A telegram from the Embassy of Hungary in North Korea recounting Kim Il Sung's views on Japan and China, as expressed during a meeting at the Soviet embassy.

  • December 12, 1970

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Embassy of Hungary in North Korean reports on North Korea's relations with the Soviet Union and China as well as the situation on the Korean Peninsula.

  • June 15, 1971

    Important Instructions from Premier Zhou for the Comrades Traveling to Pyongyang to Apologize to Korea

    Zhou Enlai speaks with a Chinese delegation traveling to Pyongyang to apologize to North Korea. He emphasizes the importance of self-criticism, the historic camaraderie between China and North Korea, and matters regarding cultural exchange with North Korea.

  • June 22, 1971

    Report by the Third Secretary of the Bulgarian Embassy in Pyongyang, Zahary Ianakiev, to Bulgarian Ambassador Yancho Georgiev Concerning Ceauşescu's Visit to China

    Ianakiev gives an account of Ceauşescu's visit to China, mentioning China's agreement to lend Romania US$230 million and reporting that Ceauşescu's visit to Vietnam is to be postponed.

  • July 15, 1971

    Memorandum of Conversation between The First Secretary of the Mongolian People’s Republic and the Head of Delegation of Korean Worker’s Party on the 50th Anniversary of the Mongolian People’s Revolution

    Officials of the Mongolian People's Republic and the Korean Worker's Party discuss their mutual support for the peaceful unification of the Korean peninsula, obstacles presented by the U.S. and Japan, and perspectives on the Sino-Soviet split.

  • July 25, 1971

    Cable, Chinese Journalism Delegation in Korea to the State Council and the Central Military Commission

    The Chinese Journalism Delegation to North Korea reports to the State Council and the Central Military Commission on North Korea's war preparations. It notes that North Korea is constantly expanding underground construction.

  • September 24, 1971

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in China to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A telegram from the Embassy Hungary in China covering the foreign policy of China with regard to the Korean Peninsula.

  • February 04, 1972

    Information on Talks with the Soviet Military Attaché in the DPRK

    Yanakiev and Bulanov discuss Albania's relations with the DPRK, China, and USSR as well as Sino-Korean relations and other events in China.

  • March 04, 1972

    Report by Etre Sándor, 'Korean opinion on various current issues'

    A report by Etre Sandor on a conversation between Pak Seong-cheol and Frigyes Puja regarding Nixon’s visit to China, Chinese-North Korean-Soviet relations, and the situation inside North Korea.

  • March 13, 1972

    Note on a Conversation with the 1st Secretary of the USSR Embassy, Comrade Kurbatov, on 10 March 1972 in the GDR Embassy

    During the conversation there was an exchange of opinions on the following questions: 1. The DPRK Position on the Nixon Visit to Beijing and its Influence on the Situation in Korea, 2. Conversation of Comrade Brezhnev with Foreign Minister Ho Dam in Moscow, 3. Some Aspects of KWP Activity in the Communist World Movement, 4. 60th Birthday of Kim Il Sung on 15 April

  • April 10, 1972

    A letter to Komocsin Zoltan from Kadas Istvan, with attachment of 'Korean opinion on various current issues'

    A letter to Komocsin Zoltan from Kadas Istvan, which indicates that Etra Sandor’s report on North Korea was attached to a letter.

  • September 28, 1972

    Report from Etre Sándor, 'Discussion with Comrade Sebestyén. Comrade Sebestyén's assessment of the situation.'

    A report by Etre Sandor on North Korea’s internal and external policies, the Korean reunification issue, and Hungarian-North Korean relations.

  • February 01, 1973

    Theses On the Present State of Relations between DPRK and PRC

    A report on Chinese foreign policy toward North Korea and Beijing's efforts to push North Korea toward an anti-Soviet line.

  • February 01, 1973

    Note on a Conversation with USSR Embassy Counselor Comrade Denisov on 22 January 1973 in the USSR Embassy

    A assessment of improved political and economic relations between China and North Korea, as well as the economic relations between North Korea and France, Chile, and Japan.