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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea. See also the Digital Archive collection on Repatriation to North Korea.

  • May 11, 1960

    Cable from the 3rd Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security, 'On the Issue of Citizenship for Demobilized Korean People's Army Soldiers with Chinese Citizenship and the Chinese Korean Construction Personnel'

    China's Ministry of Public Security weighs what to do with Chinese Koreans who joined the Korean People's Army and now wish to restore their PRC citizenship.

  • May 20, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 May 1960

    Puzanov describes his discussions with Pang Hak-se on Kim Il Sung's trip to China and with Qiao Xiaoguang on Sino-Soviet relations.

  • June 12, 1960

    The Economic and Political Situation of the DPRK

    The memorandum elaborates on the rapid economic growth and development in domestic policies in the DPRK after the Korean War.

  • June 15, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 June 1960

    Khrushchev gives Kim Il Sung a copy of Mao Zedong's statements stemming from the 1956 August Incident and the joint Sino-Soviet intervention.

  • June 16, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung expressed indignation toward Mao Zedong after reading a statement alleging that Kim Il Sung is a traitor to the communist cause.

  • June 18, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 18 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung repeatedly expresses his satisfaction and gratitude for the conversation with N.S. Khrushchev. He then goes on criticizing Mao Zedong and Chinese party leaders.

  • June 25, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 25 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung gathers senior North Korean officials to inform them of the results of his visit to Moscow, and vehemently criticizes Mao Zedong.

  • July 02, 1960

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Károly Práth reports on North Korea's Seven-Year Plan, the difference in ideological views between the Chinese and Soviets, and Korea's relations with those two countries.

  • July 26, 1960

    Record of Conversation between the Czech Ambassador in the DPRK with the Soviet Ambassador

    A report on a meeting between Kim Il Sung and Nikita Khrushchev in which the two discussed Soviet aid to North Korea and the trilateral relations between China, the Soviet Union, and North Korea.

  • July 31, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 31 July 1960

    In a conversation with Puzanov, Pang Hak-se expresses gratitude for the enormous aid from the Soviet Government, reports a small sea engagement with the South Korea, explains aftermath of Kim Il Sung’s visit to Moscow, and distinguish Pro-china faction members within the North Korea political community.

  • August 13, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 August 1960

    Puzanov and Pak Geum-cheol discuss Soviet-North Korean relations and the ongoing Sino-Soviet split.

  • August 25, 1960

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Investigative Report on the [North] Korean Embassy in Beijing Supposedly Assuming Responsibility for the Provision of Essential Foodstuffs to Korean Residents of Beijing'

    The North Korean embassy seeks to provide additional food to Korean expatriates living in Beijing, apparently due to the Great Leap famine.

  • October 24, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 October 1960

    In a meeting with the PRC military delegation, Kim Kwang-hae gives a report to express gratitude on military, economic and technical aid from China and confirms the mutual friendship between PRC and DPRK.

  • January 20, 1961

    Memo of Conversation of Deputy Office Director Huang Yugui Deputy with [North] Korean Consul General in Changchun Jeong Bong-gyu, January 20, 1961

    Hong Yugui of the Jilin Foreign Affairs Office and DPRK Consul General Jeong Bong-gyu discuss the procedures for restoring the Chinese citizenship of ethnic Koreans who fought in the Korean War.

  • February 22, 1961

    Cable, Foreign Affairs Office of the Jilin Provincial People's Committee to the Foreign Ministry Consular Department

    A cover memo for a conversation between Huang Yugui and the North Korean Consul General in Changchun, Jeong Bong-gyu.

  • February 27, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'New Developments in the South Korean People’s Struggle'

    The Chinese Embassy in North Korea describes the South Korean movements for the reunification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • March 01, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the Hungarian People’s Republic in the DPRK to the Foreign Ministry of Hungary

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on the changing position of the Korean Workers' Party between the Soviet Union and China.

  • March 14, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the GDR in the DPRK to the Foreign Policy and International Department of the Socialist Unity Party, GDR

    A report from the GDR Embassy in the DPRK on the impact on the DPRK of Chinese interpretations of socialist theory, the negative impacts of Kim Il Sung's personality cult, and the status of repatriation of Koreans in Japan.

  • March 16, 1961

    Chinese Policy toward the DPRK and Behavior of the Chinese Ambassador in Pyongyang

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on friction between China and North Korea and describes several instances of discourteous behavior between the two parties.

  • March 31, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Estimates Regarding the Development of South Korea’s Current Situation'

    A Chinese analysis of the protest movements in South Korea.