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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea. See also the Digital Archive collection on Repatriation to North Korea.

  • December 08, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Deputy Minister Ryu Handed Over Kim Il Sung's Reply Letter to Premier Zhou'

    Kim Il Sung expressed his support for China in the Sino-Indian dispute.

  • December 08, 1962

    Cable from Hao Deqing, 'On The Talks between Pak Geum-cheol and Ambassador Hao'

    Hao Deqing reports on a conversation concerning Eastern Europe's criticisms of China and Soviet-North Korean relations with Pak Geum-cheol.

  • December 29, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Seongcheol

    The refusal of the North Koreans to publicly announce the preparation of a KWP plenum raises Soviet Ambassador’s suspicions about whether the loyalty of the Korean leadership stands with the Soviets or with the Chinese.

  • January 03, 1963

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Seongcheol

    A very detailed account of the conversations around the table at an ambassadors dinner hosted by the North Korean Foreign Minister in which North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union are discussed.

  • January 07, 1963

    Note about a Conversation with the Ambassador of Czechoslovakia to the DPRK Comrade Moravec

    Czech Ambassador described behavior of Ri Ju-yeon at the Party Congress of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • January 30, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Trade Ministry

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Trade sends a report on trade negotiations with North Vietnam and North Korea.

  • January 30, 1963

    Summary of Trade Negotiations with Korea and Vietnam for 1963

    A Chinese report regarding its successful conclusion and prompt signing of two trade agreements with North Korea and Vietnam in 1963.

  • February 19, 1963

    Cable from Hao Deqing, 'Comrade Hao Deqing Reports on the Contents of the Conversation from his Meeting with Premier Kim'

    Hao Deqing and Kim Il Sung discuss a visit by Yuri Andropov to North Korea.

  • April 08, 1963

    The Influence of the Chinese Communist Party on the Policy of the Korean Workers Party

    An East German diplomat analyzes the behavior of the Korean Workers' Party in 1962 and 1963, and concludes that the Chinese Communist Party has a great influence on North Korea because of the traditional relationship and Korea and China.

  • August 22, 1963

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to North Korea Vasily Moskovsky and Romanian Ambassador to North Korea [M.] Bodnaras [1]

    The Romanian Ambassador in North Korea informs Soviet Ambassador Moskovsky about his recent conversation with Kim Il Sung in which Kim commented on North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union.

  • August 26, 1963

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report by Hungarian Ambassador in North Korea on two meetings between the Romanian Ambassador and Kim Il Sung in which the two discussed bilateral relations, trade, geological surveys in North Korea, and North Korea's relations with China and the Soviet Union.

  • August 27, 1963

    Telegram from Czech Embassy in Pyongyang to Foreign Ministry

  • September 06, 1963

    Memorandum of a Conversation of c. Moravec with the USSR Ambassador to the DPRK

    C. Moskovskyi asked c. Moravec about celebration ceremonies in the DPRK and for clarification of the KWP's positions on foreign policies. The Soviet Union is allegedly interested in establishing economic ties with South Korea.

  • September 15, 1963

    Minutes of Conversation between Liu Shaoqi and Kim Il Sung

    Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Kim Il Sung discussed about friendly foreign relations between China and North Korea, as well as Sino-Soviet Split.

  • September 17, 1963

    Report from Ji Pengfei on Liu Shaoqi’s Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    A Chinese report regarding an exchange of views between Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Kim Il Sung's on international situation and anti-revisionism on 16 September, 1963.

  • September 19, 1963

    Report from Ji Pengfei on Liu Shaoqi’s Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    A brief report on the meeting between Chairman Liushaoqi and Premier Kim Il Sung on reactionary theories and policies of modern revisionism.

  • September 24, 1963

    Record of Conversation between Kim Il Sung and Liu Shaoqi

    Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Kim Il Sung exchanged views on many agricultural issues including irrigation, incomes of farmers, alternation of land, mechanization and electrification.

  • October 08, 1963

    Cable from Qiang Xiaochu, 'Premier Kim Received the Study Delegation'

    Kim Il Sung meets with cabinet officials and the Workers' Party of Korea to dicuss agriculture and the Korean revolution.

  • October 18, 1963

    Report on Conversation between Song Renqiong and Kim Il Sung

    Song Renqiong and Kim Il Sung exchanged views on the mutual assistance between China and North Korea, revisionism opposition, economic situation in North Korea, and situation of the Korean Workers’ Party.

  • November 23, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea

    The Chinese Embassy in North Korea reports to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on North Korea's request for international support regarding a memorandum on Korean unification at the United Nations. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs then suggests how Chinese news agencies can express support.