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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea. See also the Digital Archive collection on Repatriation to North Korea.

  • October 18, 1963

    Report on Conversation between Song Renqiong and Kim Il Sung

    Song Renqiong and Kim Il Sung exchanged views on the mutual assistance between China and North Korea, revisionism opposition, economic situation in North Korea, and situation of the Korean Workers’ Party.

  • November 23, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea

    The Chinese Embassy in North Korea reports to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on North Korea's request for international support regarding a memorandum on Korean unification at the United Nations. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs then suggests how Chinese news agencies can express support.

  • November 23, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Request for Instructions on Supporting Korea’s Memorandum, “Ways to Resolve the Question of Korean Unification”'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs proposes two options to the Central Committee for demonstrating its support for North Korea's position that the Korean issue should not be discussed at the United Nations General Assembly. The Ministry recommends that the People's Daily publishes supportive editorials but also suggests that other organizations could express their support for North Korea to newspapers instead.

  • January 07, 1964

    Memorandum of a Conversation with the USSR Ambassador, c. V. P. Moskovskyi

    Soviet Ambassador Moskovsky talks with the Cuban Ambassador to Pyongyang about the foreign policies of North Korea and, in particular, North Korea's position in the Sino-Soviet split.

  • February 18, 1964

    Report from the Science and Technology Committee and the Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee on the Issue of Giving Scientific and Technical Literature to the DPRK

    The Science and Technology Committee of the PRC and the Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee of the PRC reports on North Korea's request for scientific and technical assistance from capitalist countries through China.

  • March 20, 1964

    Record of Conversation between Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, and Pak Seong-cheol

    Chinese and North Korean statesmen discuss border issues, conversations with representatives of the Romanian Communist Party, and the unreasonable Soviet attitude regarding the Sino-Soviet debates.

  • March 28, 1964

    Conversation Notes from Zhou Enlai’s Reception of a Delegation of the DPRK Academy of Sciences

    In a meeting with a delegation of the DPRK Academy, Zhou Enlai emphasizes the need for transparency as well as China's intentions to help its North Korean comrades with the establishment of agencies for electronic engineering.

  • April 18, 1964

    Memorandum of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Korean Cultural Delegation

    Conversation between Chinese Primer Zhou Enlai and North Korean official of cultural delegation.Criticizing the Soviet revisionism and discussing a joint movie project with North Korea.

  • April 28, 1964

    Record of Premier Zhou Enlai's Meeting with Pak Se-chang, New Ambassador of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to China

    Zhou Enlai and Pak Se-chang discuss plans for the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • April 28, 1964

    Record of President Liu’s Meeting with Pak Se-chang,the New Korean Ambassador to China

    Liu greeted New North Korean diplomat in Beijing 1964. They talked about China-DPRK alliance and relations with Japan.

  • May 09, 1964

    Cable from the Jilin Provincial Party Committee, 'Report on Comrade Kim Il Sung's Report'

    A report to the Central Committee and the Northeast Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party on the progress and problems of Yunfeng (Unbong) Dam.

  • June 09, 1964

    Protocol between the PRC Ministry of Public Security and the DPRK Social Safety Ministry for Mutual Cooperation in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas

    The official Protocol in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas between China and North Korea outlines each country's responsibilities in regulating border crossings.

  • July 10, 1964

    Note, Embassy of the DPRK in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China

    The North Korea Embassy states that the Sino-Korean Protocol for Mutual Cooperation in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas has been approved by the DPRK Government.

  • August 06, 1964

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou's Reception of the North Korean Ambassador Pak Se-chang

    Zhou Enlai and Pak Se-chang discuss American military actions in Vietnam, as well as Kim Il Sung's planned trip to Indonesia.

  • September 05, 1964

    Minutes of Conversation between Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Economic Goodwill Delegation

    An exchange of views between Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Economic Goodwill Delegation on economic development in the DPRK and China. Kim says that North Korea appreciates the technical assistance and support from China. Further, they discussed the Soviet revisionists' activities against North Korea.

  • September 22, 1964

    Opinions from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Receiving the Korean Workers’ Party Delegation

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that the PRC and DPRK share the same views on all the major issues. It wants to prepare a warm reception for the North Korean delegation, headed by Choe Yong-geon, attending the 15th anniversary of the founding of the PRC. A note attached to the bottom of the message suggests that Choe Yong-geon might have a meeting with Liu Shaoqi.

  • September 23, 1964

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and the Chief of the DPRK Trade Delegation Bang Tae-ryul

    Minutes of a trade negotiation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Chief of the DPRK Trade Delegation Bang Tae-ryu. The representatives discuss the self-reliance of their economies, as well as trade policies between them and with the international market.

  • October 17, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Reactions to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea describing positive responses of North Korean officials and Vietnamese diplomats in North Korea regarding China's first nuclear weapons test.

  • October 21, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Reactions among the North Korean Masses to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea notes North Koreans' positive responses to China's first nuclear weapons test and a downfall of Khrushchev in the Soviet Union

  • November 20, 1964

    Philosophy and Social Science Department Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 'Materials on the Korean Treatment of Goryeo-Mongolian Relations in the 13th and 14th Centuries'

    The Philosophy and Social Science Department Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences summarizes the treatment of Goryeo-Mongolian Relations in the 13th and 14th centuries by North Korean Historians. They also note North Korean criticisms of China's The History of Yuan and the USSR's World History for discrepancies in historical interpretation.