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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea. See also the Digital Archive collection on Repatriation to North Korea.

  • December 29, 1964

    Science and Technology Committee on the Request for Instructions on Handling the Technical Materials Mentioned by the North Korean Expert Group during their Visit to China

    The Science and Technology Committee reports to the Foreign Office of the State Council on challenges regarding the transfer of scientific and technologic assistance to North Korea. It then provides suggestions for improved coordination, communication, and controls to facilitate the process.

  • December 29, 1964

    Cable from the Science and Technology Committee, 'Opinions on Handling the Technical Information Mentioned by the North Korean Expert Group during their Visit to China'

    The Science and Technology Committee reports to the Foreign Office of the State Council on challenges regarding the transfer of scientific and technologic assistance to North Korea. It then provides suggestions for improved coordination, communication, and controls to facilitate the process.

  • February 10, 1965

    Record of Conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Ambassador Kim Byeong-jik

    Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union and North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union discussed about the foreign policies of the new Soviet leadership under Khrushchev. They exchanged views on international communist movement, as well as the Soviet Union's perceptions on the roles of the United Nations in international affairs.

  • March 05, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Qiao Guanhua and the DPRK Ambassador to China Pak Se-chang

    A conversation between Qiao Guanhua and the DPRK Ambassador to China Pak Se-chang on Premier Kim Il Sung’s visit to Indonesia and Alexei Kosygin’s visit to Korea.

  • March 10, 1965

    Record of Conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kim Byeong-jik

    A conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kim Byeong-jik on Asian-African-Latin American student protest against the United States in Moscow on 4 March. North Korea supported the positions of Vietnamese and Chinese governments. Both China and North Korea demanded that United States must withdraw from the territory of Vietnam and stop the provocations against North Vietnam.

  • April 16, 1965

    Minutes of the Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Premier Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung informs Zhou Enlai of the Korean-Indonesian talks, North Korea's views on the situation in Vietnam, and the visit to the DPRK by Sihanouk.

  • April 19, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Premier Kim Il Sung

    The United Arab Republic and Algeria do not support Vietnam, and Sukarno agrees to speak at the Asian-African Conference.

  • May 16, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Reaction to China's Second Successful Nuclear Test'

    The Chinese Embassy in Pyongyang reports the enthusiastic responses of North Koreans to China's second nuclear test.

  • June 04, 1965

    Excerpts from the Report of the Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang, 'Some New Aspects of Korean-Chinese Relations in the First Half of 1965'

    Excerpts from the report of the Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang, “Some New Aspects of Korean-Chinese Relations in the First Half of 1965," containing an explanation of the events that led the DPRK to begin moving away from a China oriented foreign policy.

  • June 11, 1965

    Introductory Visit of the Soviet Ambassador to North Korea, Comrade Gorchakov, on 10 June 1965

    East German Ambassador Brie reports about relations between North Korea and the Soviet Union regarding economic affairs and relations between North Korea and China. He also discusses relations between East Germany and North Korea, and gives a description of disputes between the East German and Chinese Ambassador.

  • July 12, 1965

    Changes in the Leadership of the Korean Workers Party and the Government of North Korea

    Report about the improvement of North Korean relations with East Germany and the Soviet Union. A slight pejoration of North Korean-Chinese relations is also marked.

  • July 17, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Head of the Korean Delegation Kim Gwang-hyeop

    Kim Gwang-hyeop, Deng Xiaoping, and Kang Shen discuss matters related to the Communist Parties of Eastern Europe, Japan, and Vietnam.

  • July 24, 1965

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Head of the Korean Delegation Kim Gwang-hyeop

    The Chinese and Korean Delegation in Bucharest exchange information about their visits in Eastern Europe, discussions with the Romanians, the situation in Yugoslavia and Albania, and the possibility of holding the Afro-Asian Conference.

  • August 20, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Kim and the Chinese Friendship Delegation

    Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Friendship Delegation discuss agriculture issues in China and North Korea, the war in Vietnam, and confrontation with the United States.

  • September 01, 1965

    Report on the Visit to North Korea by the Chinese Friendship Delegation and Record of Conversations between Premier Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Friendship Delegation

    The Chinese Friendship Delegation summarizes its visit to North Korea from August 13 through August 25, 1965.

  • September 09, 1965

    Conversation between Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Zhou Enlai and Charge d'Affaires Jeong Bong-gyu at the 17th National Day Reception held at the North Korean Embassy

    Liu Shaoqi and Jeong Bong-gyu discuss the Indo-Pak War, the likelihood of holding the Second Asian-African Conference, and the war in Vietnam.

  • October 22, 1965

    Letter from Premier Zhou Enlai to North Korean Premier Kim Il Sung

    Zhou Enlai writes to update Kim Il Sung on the status of the proposed Second Asian-African Conference.

  • October 29, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Delegation

    Premier Kim Il Sung met with members of the Chinese People’s Delegation and exchanged his views on Chinese assistance in Korean War, consturction and war prepartions of North Korea, US imperalism on Japan and South Korea, international communist movement, situation in Indonesia, and North Korea's recent economic situation.

  • November 10, 1965

    Memorandum of the First Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Vice Premier Ri Ju-yeon

    Zhou Enlai and Ri Ju-yeon have an extensive discussion on the situation in Asia and Africa.

  • November 11, 1965

    Record of the Third Conversation between Zhou Enlai and North Korean Vice Prime Minister Ri Ju-yeon

    Zhou Enlai, Ri Ju-yeon, and Pak Seong-cheol discuss Japanese militarism, U.S. imperialism, the issue of Korean citizenship for Koreans in Japan, the Chinese 5-year plan, and military preparations.