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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents probes the relationship between China and North Korea from the 1940s through the 1980s. While often described as being "as close as lips to teeth," this collection highlights instances of both cooperation and mistrust between China and North Korea. See also the Digital Archive collection on Repatriation to North Korea.

  • March 20, 1964

    Record of Conversation between Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, and Pak Seong-cheol

    Chinese and North Korean statesmen discuss border issues, conversations with representatives of the Romanian Communist Party, and the unreasonable Soviet attitude regarding the Sino-Soviet debates.

  • March 28, 1964

    Conversation Notes from Zhou Enlai’s Reception of a Delegation of the DPRK Academy of Sciences

    In a meeting with a delegation of the DPRK Academy, Zhou Enlai emphasizes the need for transparency as well as China's intentions to help its North Korean comrades with the establishment of agencies for electronic engineering.

  • April 18, 1964

    Memorandum of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Korean Cultural Delegation

    Conversation between Chinese Primer Zhou Enlai and North Korean official of cultural delegation.Criticizing the Soviet revisionism and discussing a joint movie project with North Korea.

  • April 28, 1964

    Record of Premier Zhou Enlai's Meeting with Pak Se-chang, New Ambassador of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to China

    Zhou Enlai and Pak Se-chang discuss plans for the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • April 28, 1964

    Record of President Liu’s Meeting with Pak Se-chang,the New Korean Ambassador to China

    Liu greeted New North Korean diplomat in Beijing 1964. They talked about China-DPRK alliance and relations with Japan.

  • May 09, 1964

    Cable from the Jilin Provincial Party Committee, 'Report on Comrade Kim Il Sung's Report'

    A report to the Central Committee and the Northeast Bureau of the Chinese Communist Party on the progress and problems of Yunfeng (Unbong) Dam.

  • June 09, 1964

    Protocol between the PRC Ministry of Public Security and the DPRK Social Safety Ministry for Mutual Cooperation in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas

    The official Protocol in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas between China and North Korea outlines each country's responsibilities in regulating border crossings.

  • July 10, 1964

    Note, Embassy of the DPRK in Beijing to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China

    The North Korea Embassy states that the Sino-Korean Protocol for Mutual Cooperation in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas has been approved by the DPRK Government.

  • August 06, 1964

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou's Reception of the North Korean Ambassador Pak Se-chang

    Zhou Enlai and Pak Se-chang discuss American military actions in Vietnam, as well as Kim Il Sung's planned trip to Indonesia.

  • September 05, 1964

    Minutes of Conversation between Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Economic Goodwill Delegation

    An exchange of views between Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Economic Goodwill Delegation on economic development in the DPRK and China. Kim says that North Korea appreciates the technical assistance and support from China. Further, they discussed the Soviet revisionists' activities against North Korea.

  • September 22, 1964

    Opinions from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Receiving the Korean Workers’ Party Delegation

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that the PRC and DPRK share the same views on all the major issues. It wants to prepare a warm reception for the North Korean delegation, headed by Choe Yong-geon, attending the 15th anniversary of the founding of the PRC. A note attached to the bottom of the message suggests that Choe Yong-geon might have a meeting with Liu Shaoqi.

  • September 23, 1964

    Minutes of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and the Chief of the DPRK Trade Delegation Bang Tae-ryul

    Minutes of a trade negotiation between Premier Zhou Enlai and the Chief of the DPRK Trade Delegation Bang Tae-ryu. The representatives discuss the self-reliance of their economies, as well as trade policies between them and with the international market.

  • October 17, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Reactions to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea describing positive responses of North Korean officials and Vietnamese diplomats in North Korea regarding China's first nuclear weapons test.

  • October 21, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Reactions among the North Korean Masses to China's Nuclear Test'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea notes North Koreans' positive responses to China's first nuclear weapons test and a downfall of Khrushchev in the Soviet Union

  • November 20, 1964

    Philosophy and Social Science Department Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 'Materials on the Korean Treatment of Goryeo-Mongolian Relations in the 13th and 14th Centuries'

    The Philosophy and Social Science Department Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences summarizes the treatment of Goryeo-Mongolian Relations in the 13th and 14th centuries by North Korean Historians. They also note North Korean criticisms of China's The History of Yuan and the USSR's World History for discrepancies in historical interpretation.

  • December 29, 1964

    Science and Technology Committee on the Request for Instructions on Handling the Technical Materials Mentioned by the North Korean Expert Group during their Visit to China

    The Science and Technology Committee reports to the Foreign Office of the State Council on challenges regarding the transfer of scientific and technologic assistance to North Korea. It then provides suggestions for improved coordination, communication, and controls to facilitate the process.

  • December 29, 1964

    Cable from the Science and Technology Committee, 'Opinions on Handling the Technical Information Mentioned by the North Korean Expert Group during their Visit to China'

    The Science and Technology Committee reports to the Foreign Office of the State Council on challenges regarding the transfer of scientific and technologic assistance to North Korea. It then provides suggestions for improved coordination, communication, and controls to facilitate the process.

  • February 10, 1965

    Record of Conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Ambassador Kim Byeong-jik

    Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union and North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union discussed about the foreign policies of the new Soviet leadership under Khrushchev. They exchanged views on international communist movement, as well as the Soviet Union's perceptions on the roles of the United Nations in international affairs.

  • March 05, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Qiao Guanhua and the DPRK Ambassador to China Pak Se-chang

    A conversation between Qiao Guanhua and the DPRK Ambassador to China Pak Se-chang on Premier Kim Il Sung’s visit to Indonesia and Alexei Kosygin’s visit to Korea.

  • March 10, 1965

    Record of Conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kim Byeong-jik

    A conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kim Byeong-jik on Asian-African-Latin American student protest against the United States in Moscow on 4 March. North Korea supported the positions of Vietnamese and Chinese governments. Both China and North Korea demanded that United States must withdraw from the territory of Vietnam and stop the provocations against North Vietnam.