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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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North Korea August 1956 Plenum Incident

This collection of documents examines the post-Korean War disputes and debates within the Korean Workers' Party which culminated in the 1956 August Plenum. (Image, Kim Il Sung visits Moscow, 1949, NARA)

  • October 01, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 October 1957

    Kim Il Sung reports that a Norh Korean delegation is "going to Moscow with great eagerness" and reveals that a KWP Central Committee Plenum will be convened in October 1957.

  • October 02, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 2 October 1957

    Nam Il is indignant over the murder of South Korean citizens by U.S. troops and comments on Ri Sang-jo's membership status in the Korean Workers' Party.

  • October 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8-11 October 1957

    Puzanov describes a visit to Kangwon and the ongoing reconstruction efforts in that province. Puzanov also comments on Ri Sang-jo's expulsion from the KWP.

  • October 16, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, on 15.X.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Pimenov discuss the situation in the Korean Workers' Party and the activities of Pak Chang-ok and Choe Chang-ik.

  • October 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 October 1957

    Nam Il discusses the results of the KWP CC Plenum, where issues concerning members charged with anti-Party and factional activities and the three organized sections were discussed.

  • October 19, 1957

    Record of a Conversation with DPRK Ambassador Ri Yeong-ho

    Yudin receives Ri Yeong-ho on a protocol visit, who discusses his experiences as ambassador to the PRC.

  • October 24, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pelishenko, Counselor of the Embassy of the USSR

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pelishenko discuss the "August Group" in North Korea, providing details on the investigations and arrests that followed the August 1956 Plenum.

  • October 24, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 October 1957

    Nam Il informs the ambassadors of the results of the October KWP CC Plenum and expresses confident in sharp turn to be made in construction.

  • October 25, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 25 October 1957

    Jeong Il-yong discusses the issue concerning the construction of the Seongjin Steel Foundry and Nam Il informs Puzanov of the Presidium meeting in which Kim Du-bong explains his ties with Choe Chang-ik and Kim Seung-hwa in the previous year.

  • November 13, 1957

    From the Journal of A. M. Puzanov, Record of a Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung describes a recent meeting with Mao Zedong, Peng Dehuai's "interference in the internal affairs" of the KWP, and his invitation for Mao to visit the DPRK, among other topics.

  • November 26, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 26 November 1957

    Puzanov discusses the USSR's economic aid to the DPRK and the controversy surrounding Kim Seung-hwa with Fischer and Nam Il, respectively. Nam Il informs Puzanov of Kim Il Sung's report about the trip to Moscow for the celebration of Great October.

  • November 27, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Berentz, 3rd Secretary of the Embassy of the GDR, on 26-27.XI.1957

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Berentz describe the aid North Korea has received from East Germany to reconstruct the city of Hamheung as well as the impact of the August 1956 Plenum on that city.

  • December 07, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 7 December 1957

    Kim Il sung discusses the KWP CC Plenum, which adopted a decision approving the work of the Moscow meetings and pointed to the need to further strengthen the unity between socialist countries.

  • December 09, 1957

    A Note from Sluczanski to Several Comrades in Warsaw concerning the "August Group" and the Political Situation in the DPRK

    Comrade Sluczanski describes the situation regarding the "August Group" in North Korea, stating that a number of arrests have taken place throughout North Korea.

  • December 17, 1957

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Comrade Pimenov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR

    Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pimenov discuss the situation in the Central Committee of the Korean Workers' Party and the ongoing purges of the "August Group."

  • December 17, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 December 1957

    Kim Il Sung discusses his plans to send a letter to Mao Zedong about the withdrawal of the Chinese volunteers from DPRK and to convene a Party conference as well as the current situation with trade in pork and progress of the conference of agricultural cooperative workers.

  • December 19, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 19 December 1957

    Pak Ui-wan discusses the KWW CC Plenum and gives a positive assessment in terms of strengthened unity of the Socialist camp and KWP.

  • December 20, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 December 1957

    PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang discusses the withdrawal of Chinese People's Volunteers from the DPRK.

  • February 03, 1958

    Note from Minister M. Naszkowski, 'Regarding the Political Situation in the DPRK'

    M. Naszkowski reports on the December 1957 Plenum of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee and the continued emphasis on the "August Group" during the Plenum.

  • March 01, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 March 1958

    Kim Il Sung discusses strengthening the unity and solidarity of the KWP party, especially through struggles against revisionism and bolstering the Bolshevist nucleus.