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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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North Korea August 1956 Plenum Incident

This collection of documents examines the post-Korean War disputes and debates within the Korean Workers' Party which culminated in the 1956 August Plenum. (Image, Kim Il Sung visits Moscow, 1949, NARA)

  • March 11, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 11 March 1958

    Among other personal issues, Park Jeong-ae discusses the results of the Party conference and KWP CC Plenum, in which speeches regarding the draft of the first five-year plan were discussed, some ministries were criticized, and preparations for uprising of factionalist groups are discovered.

  • March 19, 1958

    A Report from Comrade Sluczanski based on a Telegram from Comrade Siedlecki regarding the Agenda of the March Conference

    Comrade Sluczanski outlines economic problems in North Korea and describes the state of the Korean Workers' Party, referencing the "August Group."

  • May 01, 1958

    Note from a Conversation with the Director of a Department in One of the Ministries on 5.I.1958

    The political language used in official speeches and in the North Korean press is explained to a Polish diplomat.

  • May 06, 1958

    Note concerning the August Group, Developed on the Basis of Party Documents, as well as on the Basis of Unofficial Sources of Information

    The August Group criticizes Kim Il Sung cult of personality and many DPRK officials are removed from their positions.

  • June 15, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 June 1960

    Khrushchev gives Kim Il Sung a copy of Mao Zedong's statements stemming from the 1956 August Incident and the joint Sino-Soviet intervention.

  • June 16, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 June 1960

    Kim Il Sung expressed indignation toward Mao Zedong after reading a statement alleging that Kim Il Sung is a traitor to the communist cause.

  • November 29, 1960

    Record of Conversation between Polish Delegation (Gomułka et al.) and Chinese Communist Politburo Member Liu Shaoqi, Moscow

    Liu Shaoqi and Gomułka review the state of the communist bloc, discussing the Sino-Soviet intervention in North Korea in 1956 and the position of Albania.

  • February 16, 1962

    On the Extradition of North Koreans from China

    A report on the Chinese government extradition of four North Koreans who were former members of the Korean Workers' Party Central Committee