The "Second" Korean War, 1967-1969
From 1966 through 1969, a series of military clashes taking place along the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) between North Korean forces and South Korean and US troops threatened the drag the Korean Peninsula into another period of open hostility. See also, the Korean War. (Image, North Korean commando captured during the Blue House Raid, 1968)
December 08, 1967
Letter from Ambassador Brie of the GDR in the DPRK to Deputy MFA Hegen
East German Ambassador to North Korea Horst Brie reports on the growing number of incidents at the Demilitarized Zone between North Korean forces and South Korean and U.S. forces. Brie offers his own analysis of the military situation in Korea while highlighting the different views of officials from Czechoslovakia and Poland.
January 05, 1968
Memorandum on Two Informational Reports from the GDR Embassy in the DPRK, Pyongyang
Ambassador Herrmann explains that the population in Pyongyang is being reduced while other restrictions are being placed upon the North Korean population owing to the tense military situation on the Korean Peninsula.
January 29, 1968
Record of a Conversation with J. Rowland, Australian Ambassador to the USSR
S.P. Kozyrev and J. Rowland debate the reasons behind the tense situation on the Korean Peninsula. Though Rowland is emphatic that the Soviet Union ought to pressure the DPRK to cease provocations, Kozyrev insists that the "DPRK is an independent country."
July 29, 1968
Note on the Farewell Visit of the Polish Ambassador to the DPRK, Comrade Naperei, with Comrade Jarck on 26 July 1968 between 11:00 and 12:30 hours
The German and Polish ambassadors in North Korea review clashes along the DMZ, the capture of the USS Pueblo, and the connections between Prague Spring and events in Korea.
August 08, 1968
Note on a Conversation between the 1st Secretary in the USSR Embassy, Comrade Zvetkov, and Comrade Jarck on 7 August 1968 between 17:00 and 19:00 hours
The East German Ambassador in the DPRK summarizes South Korea's revised and strengthened military policy in the wake of North Korea's provocations in 1968.
November 19, 1968
Cable, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning Armed North Korean Infiltration
Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari cables Chef de Cabinet of the United Nations C.V. Narasimhan about the UNCURK Committee's decision to review and visit the eastern coastal areas, which were infiltrated by armed North Koreans.
November 25, 1968
Cable, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning Response to North Korean Infiltration
Principal Secretary of the United Nations Commission for the Unification and Rehabilitation of Korea Zouheir Kuzbari relays the UNCURK Committee's press release concerning the 30 October to 3 November 1968 armed North Korean infiltration along the East Coast of the Republic of Korea.
March 17, 1969
Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea
Kim Il Sung discusses an armed clash with Americans in the demilitarized zone and an incident in the Korean-Chinese border. He discusses Sino-Korean relations thoroughly as well.
March 28, 1969
Far East Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Domestic Situation and the Foreign Policy of the Korean People's Democratic Republic'
The document discusses the DPRK's difficult economic situation and several changes in the political system, such as a new ideology "Juche" and shifts in the high command in parties. It also examines international politics of DPRK with China, Japan, and the Soviet Union.
August 04, 1969
Minister-Counsellor of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea, 'Information About a Trip to Panmunjom'
Shubnikov discusses the situation in Panmunjom, stating that troop movements are calmer than during the previous year. He assumes that both Koreas do not want to be accused of aggressive behavior prior to the UN discussion of the Korean issue.
August 17, 1969
Record of Conversation between N. M. Shubnikov and Kim Cheol-man, First Deputy Chief of the Korean People's Army General Staff
Kim Cheol-man states that at 11:15 am, an anti-aircraft artillery of Korean People’s Army shot down an American military helicopter, which intruded into the airspace of DPRK.