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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Soviet Union-North Korea Relations

This collection of documents is about the relationship between the Soviet Union and North Korea.

  • November 13, 1967

    50th Anniversary of the October Revolution in the DPRK

    The East Germany Embassy reports that "relations between DPRK and PRC are also tense and a source of concern for the Korean comrades."

  • November 20, 1967

    Record of Conversation Between A.A. Gromyko and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK Comrade Pak Seong-cheol

    A record of conversation on the question of the withdrawal of the US troops from South Korea and the tense situation along the demarcation line.

  • April 09, 1968

    Excerpt from Leonid Brezhnev’s Speech at the April (1968) CC CPSU Plenum, "On the Current Problems of the International Situation and on the Struggle of the CPSU for the Unity of the International Communist Movement"

    Brezhnev describes the recent development of the Pueblo Incident, which includes the increase in US military deployment to the East and intentions of DPRK and USSR to strengthen ties.

  • May 06, 1968

    Record of Conversation between Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR Aleksei Kosygin and North Korean Ambassador in the USSR Jeong Du-hwan

    DPRK diplomat, Jeong Du-hwan expresses his satisfaction about the mutual relationship between the DPRK and the Soviet Union. He discusses the Pueblo incident, and remarks on the increased tension on the Korean peninsula and in the far east. A.N. Kosgygin describes in frank detail, the continuous economic co-operation that the Soviet Union has with the DPRK.

  • April 14, 1969

    Record of a Conversation with Kim Il Sung, General Secretary of the KWP CC and Chairman of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers

    Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sought the help of Kim Il Sung in influencing China, which was in a border dispute with the Soviet Union. Requesting that they "exercise political influence on Peking."

  • June 10, 1969

    Note on a Conversation between USSR Ambassador Comrade Sudarikov and Ambassador Henke on 2 June 1969 in the GDR Embassy

    A note on a conversation about the Soviet President Podgorny's visit to North Korea and Soviet Union-North Korea relations. It includes the Korean Worker's Party's decision not to send a delegation to the world conference of the communist and workers’ parties in Moscow.

  • December 02, 1969

    From the Journal of N.G. Sudarikov, 'Record of a Conversation with Kim Il, Member of the KWP CC Politburo and First Deputy Chairman of the DPRK Cabinet of Ministers'

    Sudarikov and Kim discuss North Korea's debt and other economic problems.

  • January 27, 1970

    Memorandum, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Hungarian report on the meeting between the Soviet DPRK Ambassador and North Korean Foreign Minister. The Foreign Minister expresses his views and concerns on Japan's role in Asia.

  • November 27, 1970

    Telegram to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from Minister of External Trade N. Patolichev

    The Minister writes about the DPRK’s failure to fulfill its trade obligations to the USSR. While the DPRK continues to blames its inability to deliver its goods on infrastructural weaknesses and political tensions on the peninsula, the Ministry finds that these problems should not deter the production and export of certain goods. The DPRK’s debt amounts to more than 60 million rubles, and the trade gap shows no signs of decreasing.

  • December 12, 1970

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Embassy of Hungary in North Korean reports on North Korea's relations with the Soviet Union and China as well as the situation on the Korean Peninsula.

  • December 12, 1970

    Memorandum of Conversation between Romanian Deputy Premier Gheorghe Radulescu and Zhou Enlai during a Visit to China between 20-26 November 1970

    Gheorge Radulescu informs Zhou Enlai that the United States desires to improve Sino-US relations and discuss China's representation in the UN. Zhou states that China does not accept the proposal for Taiwan to remain a member of the UN as an autonomous region of China, because, in that case, other countries could ask that the same be done for Tibet and Xinjiang. Zhou notes the ongoing border disputes with the Soviet Union. Zhou also discusses Japan's growing economy and the threat of renewed Japanese militarism.

  • December 18, 1970

    Statement from the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the DPRK Embassy in Moscow

    A statement to the DPRK Embassy about a series of incidents that have soured relations between Korean authorities and Soviet embassy staff. Over the course of four months, DPRK authorities have detained Soviet diplomats traveling on official business and denied Soviet merchant vessels access to Korean ports for unclear reasons. The Ministry points out that the DPRK in these incidents violated the two countries’ agreement on visa-free travel for official matters, and asks that DPRK takes measures to ensure that similar events will not occur in the future.

  • August 24, 1971

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in the Soviet Union to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A telegram from the Embassy of Hungary in the Soviet Union discussing how to handle relations with both the North and South Korean governments without offending the North Koreans.

  • March 04, 1972

    Report by Etre Sándor, 'Korean opinion on various current issues'

    A report by Etre Sandor on a conversation between Pak Seong-cheol and Frigyes Puja regarding Nixon’s visit to China, Chinese-North Korean-Soviet relations, and the situation inside North Korea.

  • March 08, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter on Mr. Marshall Green's visit to the ROK, the doubling of Japan-DPRK trade during 1972, ROK-DPRK Red Cross talks: 3th working committee meeting, and USSR-DPRK contacts.

  • April 10, 1972

    A letter to Komocsin Zoltan from Kadas Istvan, with attachment of 'Korean opinion on various current issues'

    A letter to Komocsin Zoltan from Kadas Istvan, which indicates that Etra Sandor’s report on North Korea was attached to a letter.

  • September 28, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on General Committee vote on Korean items.

  • September 28, 1972

    Report from Etre Sándor, 'Discussion with Comrade Sebestyén. Comrade Sebestyén's assessment of the situation.'

    A report by Etre Sandor on North Korea’s internal and external policies, the Korean reunification issue, and Hungarian-North Korean relations.

  • September 13, 1973

    Note On a Meeting in the Embassy of Czechoslovakia on 5 September 1973

    This document covers the issue of North Korea's policy of balancing between China and Soviet Union.

  • January 30, 1974

    Meeting between Minister Hong and the Soviet Ambassador to Rwanda

    South Korean Minister Hong and the Ambassador of the Soviet Union to Rwanda, Grigory Vasilyevich, discuss the Soviet Union's position toward the Korean issue as well as perspectives on the PRC-DPRK relationship.