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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Repatriation to North Korea

This is a collection of documents about the repatriation and return migration of individuals of Korean ethnicity back to North Korea after the Korean War. Several waves of ethnic Koreans returned to North Korea during the Cold War, coming from Northeast China, or Manchuria, and Japan. The collection is composed predominantly of Chinese Foreign Ministry documents about repatriations from Northeast China. A smaller number of sources from Hungary and other countries concern the repatriation of Koreans from Japan.

  • May 05, 1962

    Secretariat of the Northeast Office of the CCP Central Committee, 'News Briefing No. 28: Some Korean Nationality People are Sneaking across the International Border'

  • August 03, 1962

    Party Committee of the Ethnic Affairs Committee, 'Situation Report No. 6: Concerning the Outflow of Members of the Korean Nationality'

  • August 28, 1962

    Notes from a Conversation between Comrade Durcak of the Czech Embassy in the DPRK with the Soviet Ambassador, Comrade Moskovskii, on 28.VIII.1962.

    The Embassy of Czechoslovakia in North Korea comments on educational policies in North Korea and the state of Soviet-North Korean relations.

  • August 08, 1963

    Instructions from the CCP Central Committee on Handling the Issue of Ethnic Koreans in the Northeast Going to Korea

    The CCP Central Committee emphasizes the CCP's solidarity with the Korean Workers' Party and instructs Provincial Committees to quickly approve requests for ethnic Koreans to travel to North Korea.

  • September 10, 1963

    Jilin Provincial Public Security Department, 'Report on the Use of Border Crossing Permits for Border Residents in the Border Regions of Jilin Province and [North] Korea'

    The Jilin Province Public Security Department reports to the 3rd Bureau of Central Committee Ministry of Public Security and the Department of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the use of border crossing permits among residents in the Sino-Korean border region.

  • October 02, 1963

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report on the treatment of Soviet women involved in mixed marriages with North Koreans and cases of North Korean students seeking political asylum at the Embassy of the Soviet Union.

  • April 16, 1964

    Information on Some Domestic Problems of North Korea

    The German Democratic Republic embassy in Pyongyang reports on the internal problems of North Korea concerning economic relationships with GDR, Koreans who migrated from Japan to North Korea, Polish-North Korean relations, and North Korean agriculture.

  • June 01, 1964

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Hungarian Ambassador to North Korea reports on persecution of individuals in North Korea, including intellectuals, former prisoners of war, merchants, and those who came from South Korea and/or Japan.

  • June 09, 1964

    Protocol between the PRC Ministry of Public Security and the DPRK Social Safety Ministry for Mutual Cooperation in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas

    The official Protocol in Safeguarding National Security and Social Order in Border Areas between China and North Korea outlines each country's responsibilities in regulating border crossings.

  • November 11, 1965

    Record of the Third Conversation between Zhou Enlai and North Korean Vice Prime Minister Ri Ju-yeon

    Zhou Enlai, Ri Ju-yeon, and Pak Seong-cheol discuss Japanese militarism, U.S. imperialism, the issue of Korean citizenship for Koreans in Japan, the Chinese 5-year plan, and military preparations.

  • November 14, 1967

    Information Report Sent by István Garajszki to Deputy Foreign Minister Erdélyi, "Hungarian-Korean Solidarity Meeting in Budapest and Salgótarján,” 14 November 1967.

    A report summarizing an agreement to repatriate Koreans in Japan and expressing Choe Guk-hyeon's views on the Indonesian Communist Party, Sukarno, and his trip to Africa.

  • November 20, 1967

    Record of Conversation Between A.A. Gromyko and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK Comrade Pak Seong-cheol

    A record of conversation on the question of the withdrawal of the US troops from South Korea and the tense situation along the demarcation line.

  • June 02, 1969

    On New Aspects of Negotiations between North Korea and Japan between January and May 1969 on Issues concerning Koreans Living in Japan

    An overview of the development of North Korean negotiations with Japan about repatriation between January and May 1969.

  • January 07, 1970

    Memorandum on a Consultation about Repatriation of Koreans Living in Japan, Provided to Comrade Herrmann by Comrade Kim Gwang-su, Member of the Presidential Board of the Central Committee of the Red Cross, on 29 December 1969 at 4:00

    On a consultation with Herrmann, Kim Gwang-su informed him of ongoing situation on repatriation of Koreans living in Japan.

  • May 05, 1970

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The embassy of Hungary in North Korea reports on a recent discussion with Soviet Ambassador Sudarikov, who commented on Chinese-North Korean relations and the situation in Cambodia.

  • August 10, 1970

    Opinions from the State Council on Correctly Administering the Korean Nationals Issue

    The State Council expresses concern over complaints of discrimination against Korean nationals in China and specifies the correct policies to administer to Korean nationals in China.

  • July 15, 1971

    Memorandum of Conversation between The First Secretary of the Mongolian People’s Republic and the Head of Delegation of Korean Worker’s Party on the 50th Anniversary of the Mongolian People’s Revolution

    Officials of the Mongolian People's Republic and the Korean Worker's Party discuss their mutual support for the peaceful unification of the Korean peninsula, obstacles presented by the U.S. and Japan, and perspectives on the Sino-Soviet split.