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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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The Two Koreas and the Vietnam War

 This collection of primary source documents traces how both North Korea and South Korea responded to, participated in, and were influenced by the Vietnam War.

  • October 29, 1971

    Telegram, Embassy of Hungary in North Vietnam to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Embassy in Hungary in North Vietnam reports on the disappointing visit of Pak Seong-cheol to North Vietnam.

  • November 10, 1971

    Letter, Ozbudun to Narasimhan, "ROK Troop Withdrawal from Viet-Nam"

    The ROK government announces their Vietnam troop wtihdrawal plans. Ozbudun believes the plan is connected to the PRC's entry into the UN.

  • March 04, 1972

    Report by Etre Sándor, 'Korean opinion on various current issues'

    A report by Etre Sandor on a conversation between Pak Seong-cheol and Frigyes Puja regarding Nixon’s visit to China, Chinese-North Korean-Soviet relations, and the situation inside North Korea.

  • April 21, 1972

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "ROK Foreign Minister's Contacts"

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter reporting on two meetings in Washington DC between ROK Foreign Minister Kim Yong Shik and US Secretary of State William P. Rogers.

  • September 07, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on Korean Red Cross talks, detente and unification, remarks by the ROK Prime Minister, remarks by the ROK Foreign Minister, remarks by the ROK ambassador to the US on ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, India's stance on Korean debate, and new commander-in-chief of the UNC.

  • September 14, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on press release on UNCURK's report, North-South Red Cross talks, prospects for postponement, report on the UNC to the UN, military armistice commission, ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, US troop withdrawal from the ROK, and UNGA documentation on Korea.

  • January 26, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "Ramifications of the ROK Troop Withdrawal from Viet-Nam"

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on ramification of the ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, UN policy of the ROK, North-South contacts, ROK National Assembly elections, and the old and new constitution of DPRK.

  • April 04, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.113, Urgent, SECRET

    KWP Centeral Committee member Kim Yeongnam explains to the Romanian representative that the DPRK proposed changes in the North-South Coordination Committee meeting to ease tensions and transform the armistice into a peace treaty. Kim blames the South Korean hawks and separatists who abide by the interests of the US and Japan for the lack of progress. Despite the impasse, the North Koreans look to the internal dissent against Park Chung Hee in South Korea as a sign of support for Pyongyang.

  • March 11, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No. 059.076

    North Koreans report that the South Koreans are concerned with the imminent fall of South Vietnam. At the same time, Seoul is moving to ensure the continued presence of US troops on the Korean Peninsula even after the U.N. troops’ headquarters in South Korea. While Pyongyang can observe increased popular dissent against Park Chung Hee, the North Koreas worry that not even the anti-government opposition foster anti-American sentiments

  • May 10, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 059.156

    At a recent state visit of the DPRK delegation to the PRC, both countries look at the developments in Indochina as positive and as predicted changes to the Korean Peninsula. Beijing agrees to increase trade and economic cooperation with North Korea while promising to keep distance from Seoul.

  • May 12, 1975

    Note concerning a Conversation between Ambassador Everhartz with the Head of Department II in the DPRK Foreign Ministry, Comrade Choe Sang-muk, about the Visit by Comrade Kim Il Sung to the PR China

    Choe Sang-muk informs Everhartz about Kim Il Sung’s recent visit to the PRC, in which Kim discussed the situation in Cambodia and South Vietnam and the unification of the Korean peninsula.

  • March 02, 1983

    Hungarian Embassy in Mongolia, Report, 2 March 1983. Subject: Vietnamese views about North Korean policies.

    The report concerns Vietnamese relations with North Korea. Vietnam views the policies of the ruling North Korean party to be counter to the ideals of Marxism, and has provided for strained relations. Vietnam also believes North Korea to be conspiring with China against Vietnam. The question of the Non-Aligned Movement's objectives was also a topic for discussion.