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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Europe Relations

Europe and China were perhaps the most important "third actors" in the Cold War system. As territorial entities and political and economic actors located at the crossroads of the mutual spheres of action of the two superpowers, they played a key role in the evolution and reshaping of the bipolar system. This comprehensive collection charts China's relations with Europe, and as it moved from East to West throughout the course of the Cold War. For collections focused on China's relations with Eastern and Western Europe, see, respectively, China-Eastern Europe Relations and China-Western Europe Relations.

  • February 13, 1981

    Note on the Relations between China and Poland

    The Prime Ministers of both Poland and China wish to thank one another, and note that Poland can learn from China about the need for stability in forming socialism in their country. Though the Chinese have always been seen as sympathetic, some of their actions, however, do not always yield such positive results

  • August, 1981

    Information for the Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED, 'Visit by Two Officials from the CCP Central Committee to the GDR (16 July to 23 August 1981)'

    East German and Chinese diplomats discuss ongoing political and economic changes in China and in the GDR.

  • January 25, 1982

    Cable from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic to China, 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Soviet bloc diplomats respond to a report on China's foreign policy and strategy to move closer to Soviet allies.

  • April 30, 1982

    Record of Conversation between Erich Honecker and Chinese Ambassador Chen Dong

    Erich Honecker tells Chen Dong that "what marred this relationship [between East Germany and China] is known and does not need to be spoken of."

  • July 07, 1982

    Cable from Hungarian Ambassador regarding Talk with Soviet China Expert Oleg Rakhmanin

    Short summary of a conversation between the Hungarian ambassador to Moscow and Oleg Rakhmanin on China and its possible attempts to split the Eastern bloc countries, especially its warming relations with East Germany.

  • December 02, 1983

    Cable from Ernő Lakatos and Gyula Horn, 'Proposal for the Political Committee'

    East German representatives proposed the formation of a permanent consultation group of socialist countries to coordinate international policy and propaganda.

  • December 14, 1983

    Cable from Géza Kótai, 'Report on the China Consultation of CC International Departments of Fraternal Parties of Ten Socialist Countries'

    Report on annual Interkit meeting to coordinate Soviet bloc analysis of and policy towards China.

  • December 27, 1983

    Cable from Géza Kótai, 'Protocol of the China-Consultation of Representatives of CC International Departments of the Ten Fraternal Parties Held on 6-7 December 1983 in Prague'

    Summary report produced by an annual Interkit meeting to coordinate Soviet bloc analysis of and policy towards China.

  • October 15, 1984

    Iván Németh, 'Memorandum for the Attention of Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Report on a meeting with O. B. Rakhmanin in which they discuss the Soviet Union's policy toward China and the upcoming Interkit meeting.

  • November 02, 1984

    Iván Németh, 'Memorandum for the Attention of Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Discussion with M. L. Titarenko, a Soviet delegate at an Interkit meeting, on Sino-Soviet relations.

  • November 06, 1984

    Iván Németh, 'Report for Members of the Political Committee on the China Consultation held in Tihany (Interkit)'

    Summary of annual Interkit meeting to coordinate Soviet bloc analysis of and policy toward China.

  • January 25, 1985

    Cable from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic to China, 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Review of China's foreign policy and its recent efforts to drive a wedge between the Soviet Union and other socialist countries.

  • January 25, 1985

    Appendix to 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Analysis of China's relations with other socialist countries and initiatives to "win over" eastern european countries and separate them from the Soviet Union.

  • February 21, 1985

    Géza Kótai, 'Memorandum for Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Summary of an informal Interkit meeting to discuss China's foreign policy and tension with the Soviet Union.

  • August 27, 1985

    Speech Excerpt from Meeting of CC PUWP Departments on the Current State of Sino-Polish relations.

    Head of the CC PUWP International Department made the concluding statement, outlined in the document below. The general theme is that there should not be a race with other socialist countries to normalize relations with China, and that Poland should remain focused on building economic ties.

  • September 30, 1985

    Letter, 'Re: Information Related to China'

    Report on a Hungarian delegations meeting with the deputy chairman of the Chinese State Planning Commission on China's on-going economic reforms and relations with Hungary.

  • September 05, 1986

    Theses for the talks of First Secretary Wojciech Jaruzelski with Deng Xiaoping

    Key points are provided for several major topics considered likely to be addressed during the talks of Deng Xiaoping and Wojciech Jaruzelski. Most notable are comments about the direction of Polish foreign policy and the Polish views of Chinese foreign policy.

  • September 09, 1986

    Zdzislaw Kucharski, 'Note regarding the Establishment of the China Studies Institute in Warsaw'

    The author proposes an institute in Poland which would study contemporary China, due to the rising importance of China on the international arena. Proposed departments would include: ideological and political analysis; economic analysis; sociology and culture; documentation and library.

  • September 15, 1986

    The Politically Difficult Topics in Poland’s Relations with the PRC

    Prep notes for an upcoming visit of Wojciech Jaruzelski to China. The Polish delegation wants for all socialist countries to develop contacts and cooperation with the PRC.

  • September 30, 1986

    Memorandum, 'Re: Information Related to China'

    Zhu Rongji describes China's economic reforms and cooperation between the PRC and Hungary in furthering the reform process.