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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Europe Relations

Europe and China were perhaps the most important "third actors" in the Cold War system. As territorial entities and political and economic actors located at the crossroads of the mutual spheres of action of the two superpowers, they played a key role in the evolution and reshaping of the bipolar system. This comprehensive collection charts China's relations with Europe, and as it moved from East to West throughout the course of the Cold War. For collections focused on China's relations with Eastern and Western Europe, see, respectively, China-Eastern Europe Relations and China-Western Europe Relations.

  • November 02, 1984

    Iván Németh, 'Memorandum for the Attention of Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Discussion with M. L. Titarenko, a Soviet delegate at an Interkit meeting, on Sino-Soviet relations.

  • November 06, 1984

    Iván Németh, 'Report for Members of the Political Committee on the China Consultation held in Tihany (Interkit)'

    Summary of annual Interkit meeting to coordinate Soviet bloc analysis of and policy toward China.

  • January 25, 1985

    Cable from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic to China, 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Review of China's foreign policy and its recent efforts to drive a wedge between the Soviet Union and other socialist countries.

  • January 25, 1985

    Appendix to 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Analysis of China's relations with other socialist countries and initiatives to "win over" eastern european countries and separate them from the Soviet Union.

  • February 21, 1985

    Géza Kótai, 'Memorandum for Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Summary of an informal Interkit meeting to discuss China's foreign policy and tension with the Soviet Union.

  • August 27, 1985

    Speech Excerpt from Meeting of CC PUWP Departments on the Current State of Sino-Polish relations.

    Head of the CC PUWP International Department made the concluding statement, outlined in the document below. The general theme is that there should not be a race with other socialist countries to normalize relations with China, and that Poland should remain focused on building economic ties.

  • September 30, 1985

    Letter, 'Re: Information Related to China'

    Report on a Hungarian delegations meeting with the deputy chairman of the Chinese State Planning Commission on China's on-going economic reforms and relations with Hungary.

  • September 05, 1986

    Theses for the talks of First Secretary Wojciech Jaruzelski with Deng Xiaoping

    Key points are provided for several major topics considered likely to be addressed during the talks of Deng Xiaoping and Wojciech Jaruzelski. Most notable are comments about the direction of Polish foreign policy and the Polish views of Chinese foreign policy.

  • September 09, 1986

    Zdzislaw Kucharski, 'Note regarding the Establishment of the China Studies Institute in Warsaw'

    The author proposes an institute in Poland which would study contemporary China, due to the rising importance of China on the international arena. Proposed departments would include: ideological and political analysis; economic analysis; sociology and culture; documentation and library.

  • September 15, 1986

    The Politically Difficult Topics in Poland’s Relations with the PRC

    Prep notes for an upcoming visit of Wojciech Jaruzelski to China. The Polish delegation wants for all socialist countries to develop contacts and cooperation with the PRC.

  • September 30, 1986

    Memorandum, 'Re: Information Related to China'

    Zhu Rongji describes China's economic reforms and cooperation between the PRC and Hungary in furthering the reform process.

  • December 15, 1986

    Secret Telegram from Jász, 'On the Relations between China and the Socialist Countries in 1986'

    A Hungarian report on China's changing relations with the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.

  • December 19, 1986

    Telegram, 'Re: Chinese Expectations before Comrade Havasi's Visit'

    This report assess China's interest in economic reforms in Hungary, as well as János Kádár's anticipated visit to China.

  • March 17, 1987

    Informational Note from the official visit in Poland of the PRC Foreign Minister, Comrade Wu Xueqian (March 10-13, 1987)

    Overview of the first visit of a PRC foreign minister in Poland.

  • April 28, 1987

    Talking Points pertaining to Economic Issues for the Conversation between the First Secretary CC PUWP, Chairman of the State Council, Comrade General of the Army, Wojciech Jaruzelski with Deputy Secretary General of the CCP, Premier of the PRC State

    The talking points focus on increased economic ties between Poland and China, and how economic cooperation is likely to lead the way in relations between the two.

  • May 14, 1987

    Relations of the Chinese Communist Party to Some Fraternal Communist Countries

    The Hungarians evaluate China's relations with Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia.

  • May 28, 1987

    Letter from Rolf Berthold to Cde. Erich Honecker

    In anticipation of a visit by Zhao Ziyang to East Germany, the Ambassador of the GDR in Beijing reports on China's economic reforms, the leadership within the Chinese Communist Party, and China's relations with the GDR, the Soviet Union, the United States, and Japan.

  • July, 1987

    Report on Zhao Ziyang's visit to Hungary. Information from the Chinese community in Budapest

    Chinese in Hungary positively assess Zhao Ziyang's visit to Hungary in 1987.

  • July, 1987

    Zhao Ziyang's Visit to Hungary. Evaluation by Delegation Members

    A Hungarian report on Zhao Ziyang's visit to Hungary and the ongoing reform processess in China and Hungary.

  • October 26, 1987

    Memorandum, 'Re: Chinese Evaluation of the Visit by HSWP's General Secretary'

    János Kádár's visit to Beijing is placed in the context of Deng Xiaoping and Zhao Ziyang's policies promoting China's reform and opening.