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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Europe Relations

Europe and China were perhaps the most important "third actors" in the Cold War system. As territorial entities and political and economic actors located at the crossroads of the mutual spheres of action of the two superpowers, they played a key role in the evolution and reshaping of the bipolar system. This comprehensive collection charts China's relations with Europe, and as it moved from East to West throughout the course of the Cold War. For collections focused on China's relations with Eastern and Western Europe, see, respectively, China-Eastern Europe Relations and China-Western Europe Relations.

  • December 15, 1986

    Secret Telegram from Jász, 'On the Relations between China and the Socialist Countries in 1986'

    A Hungarian report on China's changing relations with the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.

  • December 19, 1986

    Telegram, 'Re: Chinese Expectations before Comrade Havasi's Visit'

    This report assess China's interest in economic reforms in Hungary, as well as János Kádár's anticipated visit to China.

  • March 17, 1987

    Informational Note from the official visit in Poland of the PRC Foreign Minister, Comrade Wu Xueqian (March 10-13, 1987)

    Overview of the first visit of a PRC foreign minister in Poland.

  • March 17, 1987

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta and Napolitano'

    This document dated March 17, 1987 is a report from Antonio Rubbi on his meeting with the Chinese foreign minister, Wu Xueqian. The most interesting facts of the meeting were that China expected to establish full relations with all Eastern European socialist countries by the end of 1987 and that the student protests had been fueled by intellectuals who wanted to “westernize” the country. As for Hu Yaobang, the Chinese official explained that had been removed from office because he had failed to uphold the principles of Chinese policy.

  • April 28, 1987

    Talking Points pertaining to Economic Issues for the Conversation between the First Secretary CC PUWP, Chairman of the State Council, Comrade General of the Army, Wojciech Jaruzelski with Deputy Secretary General of the CCP, Premier of the PRC State

    The talking points focus on increased economic ties between Poland and China, and how economic cooperation is likely to lead the way in relations between the two.

  • May 14, 1987

    Relations of the Chinese Communist Party to Some Fraternal Communist Countries

    The Hungarians evaluate China's relations with Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia.

  • May 28, 1987

    Letter from Rolf Berthold to Cde. Erich Honecker

    In anticipation of a visit by Zhao Ziyang to East Germany, the Ambassador of the GDR in Beijing reports on China's economic reforms, the leadership within the Chinese Communist Party, and China's relations with the GDR, the Soviet Union, the United States, and Japan.

  • July, 1987

    Report on Zhao Ziyang's visit to Hungary. Information from the Chinese community in Budapest

    Chinese in Hungary positively assess Zhao Ziyang's visit to Hungary in 1987.

  • July, 1987

    Zhao Ziyang's Visit to Hungary. Evaluation by Delegation Members

    A Hungarian report on Zhao Ziyang's visit to Hungary and the ongoing reform processess in China and Hungary.

  • October 26, 1987

    Memorandum, 'Re: Chinese Evaluation of the Visit by HSWP's General Secretary'

    János Kádár's visit to Beijing is placed in the context of Deng Xiaoping and Zhao Ziyang's policies promoting China's reform and opening.

  • December, 1987

    Chinese Views on Hungarian Economic Reforms and Sino-Hungarian Trade Relations

    A Hungarian assessment on China's reform and opening and China's views of reforms ongoing inside of Hungary.

  • July 18, 1988

    Letter, 'Re: Chinese and Japanese Diplomats on Foreign Policy Issues'

    Chinese and Japanese views on politics in the Soviet Union and the reforms ongoing in Hungary.

  • October, 1988

    The Party Cooperation between the PUWP and the CCP

    A memo from the Polish United Workers' Party that Sino-Polish relations have been fully normalized. A series of efforts and initiatives to further normalization are outlined.

  • October 18, 1988

    Note about a Meeting between Erich Honecker and Qiao Shi

    Erich Honecker and Qiao Shi discuss economic and political reform in China, attempts to foster Sino-Soviet rapprochement, and East German and Chinese attitudes toward chemical and nuclear weapons.

  • October 31, 1988

    Memorandum, 'Re: Chinese Views on Some Aspects of Hungarian and Soviet Reform Policies'

    The Hungarian Ministry of the Interior weighs how China views the ongoing reforms in Hungary.

  • October 17, 1989

    Protocol #43 of the Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED

    Egon Krenz, newly appointed General Secretary of the SED, reports on his recent visit to China.

  • 2008

    Interview with Former Romanian Foreign Minister, Corneliu Mănescu, Regarding the Romanian Delegation’s Over-Flight of China and Visit to Moscow During the Cuban Missile Crisis (excerpts)

    Former Romanian Foreign Minister Corneliu Manescu discusses an incident involving the flight of a Romanian delegation over Chinese territory just prior to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Manescu reports that at the time, Romanian leader Gheorghiu-Dej interpreted miscommunication regarding their flightplan as a Soviet attempt on his life. He also discusses the Romanian response to the Cuban Missile Crisis.