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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Southeast Asia Relations

China was a major player in Cold War Southeast Asia, advocating for socialist revolutions and directly supporting independence struggles.

  • August 28, 1962

    Chinese Embassy Report, Burma’s Relations with the US

    The Chinese Embassy in Burma reports on Burma's economic relations with the United Stated.

  • August 28, 1962

    Record of Premier Zhou’s Talk with Prime Minister Pham Van Dong

    Zhou Enlai and Pham Van Dong discuss North Vietnam's support for revolutions in South Vietnam, Thailand, and Laos.

  • September 29, 1962

    Record of Conversation from Chairman Mao and Comrade Jiang Qing’s Reception of Mme. Hartini Sukarno

    Mao Zedong and Mme. Hartini Sukarno discuss developments in Indonesia, including the role of Chinese military assistance in putting down rebellions, as well as relations among the Afro-Asian nations.

  • September 30, 1962

    Record of Talks from the Premier’s Meeting with the Delegation of the National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam

    Zhou Enlai meets with the head of a Vietcong delegation, Nguyen Van Hieu. The two discuss the Vietcong's struggle inside of Vietnam and the organization's international ties, as well as disarmament and Afro-Asian politics.

  • October 31, 1962

    Cable from Li Jusheng, 'Report on Handing over the Letter of the Premier to Sukarno'

    Li Jusheng reported to the Chinese Foreign Ministry on his conversation with Indonesian Assistant to First Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs Su-wei-duo. The exchange concerned efforts from Indonesia and Egypt to find an acceptable solution to the Sino-Indian conflict, several points from the Chinese proposal that was unclear to Indonesia, a remarkable absence of demands for the Western and Central sectors in Nehru's letter to Nasser, and the importance of not letting this dispute hinder the preparation for the next Asian-African Conference

  • November 23, 1962

    Cable from Wang Tao, 'Chairman Ho Meeting with Chargé D'Affaires Wang'

    Ho Chi Minh, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Labor Party of Vietnam, discusses his views on the Sino-Indian border conflict and mediation methods employed

  • November 24, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam, 'Chairman Ho Discusses the Following Two Situations'

    Ho Chi Minh evaluates Jawaharlal Nehru and the Sino-Indian border dispute.

  • November 27, 1962

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'The Sino-Indian Boundary Issue'

    Subandrio expressed his support for China in the dispute with India, going as far as saying that "India deserved to be taught a lesson". He went on to offer his view on how to solve the conflict through negotiations. Subandrio also discussed Indonesian involvement in the upcoming Six-Nation Conference which would concern the Sino-Indian Conflict as well as the preparation for a Second Asian-African Conference.

  • November 30, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Huang Zhen and Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk'

    The Chinese Embassy forwards the minutes of a conversation between Huang Zhen and Norodom Sihanouk.

  • November 30, 1962

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Huang Zhen and Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk

    Huang Zhen and Sihanouk discus the Sino-Indian dispute, an international conference on Cambodian neutrality and territorial integrity and the boundary issue between Cambodia and Thailand and South Vietnam

  • December 24, 1962

    Cable from Yao Zhongming, 'Conversation with Sukarno'

    Yao Zhongming and Sukarno talked about the Six-Nation Conference and its implications for the Sino-Indian border conflict. Besides, the issue of Subandrio and Mrs. Bandaranaike visiting China was also discussed.

  • January 05, 1963

    Record of Conversation from Chairman Mao's Reception of Indonesian Deputy Chief Minister Suban Delhi

    Conversation regarding Sukarno's recent illness, Asian-African unity against imperialism, and the situation in West Irian, among other issues.

  • January 07, 1963

    Minutes of Conversation between Chinese Vice Premier Chen Yi and Indonesian Deputy Prime Minister Subandrio

    Chen Yi and Subandrio discussed the following topics: Whether or not Subandrio should accompany Mrs. Bandaranaike to India, the defeat of the Indian 4th Infantry Division, Soviet blunders in the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Sino-Soviet split, and the Indonesian economic prospects.

  • January 30, 1963

    Summary of Trade Negotiations with Korea and Vietnam for 1963

    A Chinese report regarding its successful conclusion and prompt signing of two trade agreements with North Korea and Vietnam in 1963.

  • February 15, 1963

    Memorandum of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong and Norodom Sihanouk exchange views on capitalist and imperialist countries, particularly on India, the US, Thailand, Yemen, and Iraq.

  • March, 1963

    Summary of Burma’s Situation, General Outline, Basic Narrative of Issues between China and Burma, Record of Major Events in China-Burma Relations

    A Chinese report on political, social, and diplomatic changes in Burma since Ne Win's coming to power.

  • May 22, 1963

    Aide-Memoire on Violence Towards Chinese Nationals in Indonesia

    An aide-memoire requesting that the United Nations take measures to prevent the further persecution of the Overseas Chinese in Indonesia following the March 1963 anti-Chinese riots in that country.

  • June 03, 1963

    Record of Conversation from Premier Zhou Enlai’s Reception of Ambassador to Cambodia Sisowath Sirik Matak

    Zhou and Sirik Matak discuss the treatement Chinese doctors offered to Queen Sisowath Kossamak, Chinese economic aid to Cambodia, and civil disturbances in Cambodia.

  • September 17, 1963

    Record of a Conversation between Chinese Ambassador to Burma Geng Biao and Burmese Ambassador to China Jiao Wen

    Jiao Wen emphasized that diplomatic envoys must understand newly political policies of Burma and convey accurate instructions to foreign countries.

  • January 14, 1964

    Cable from the Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee, 'Preliminary Consideration on Policy to Vietnam in the Year 1964'

    Summary of policy priorities in Vietnam, including cultural cooperation with DRV, research into Vietnamese cultural industry, and translating Vietnamese literature into Chinese.