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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China and the Korean War

 A collection of materials documenting China's involvement in all stages of the Korean War. For more coverage of the Korean War on the Digital Archive, see the collections: (1) Korean War Origins, 1945-1950; (2) Korean War, 1950-1953; (3) Korean War Armistice; and (4) Korean War Biological Warfare Allegations. (Image: Chen Geng, Peng Dehuai, and Deng Hua, commanders of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, stand together for a group photo)

  • July 22, 1950

    Report from Zhou Enlai and Nie Rongzhen to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai and Nie Rongzhen suggest methods to solve the problem of supply and improve coordination in the army command in the northeast China region.

  • July 22, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 22591 from Roschin to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao Zedong informs Stalin of China's military and strategic maneuvers in summer 1950 as a result of the Korean War.

  • July 25, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 13645 from Vyshinsky to Roschin

    Telegram relaying message from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai agreeing with proposal to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jet planes.

  • August 23, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    North Korea requests train locomotives and air force pilots from China, to which China agrees to the train locomotives.

  • September 03, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Gao Gang

    Zhou Enlai instructs on logisitical details related to ammunition, aircraft, warehouse and airport locations, and other equipments.

  • September 20, 1950

    Cable, Gromyko to the Soviet Ambassador, Peking

    Cable explaining that China and the Soviet Union are getting incomplete information from North Korea. Also discussing how North Korea is doing militarily and China's admission into the UN.

  • October, 1950

    Four Principles for Unity Between the Chinese People's Volunteer Army and the [North] Korean People

    Mao instructs soldiers in the Chinese People's Volunteer Army to support Kim Il Sung and abide by North Korean policies while they help defend the North Korean people from the United States.

  • October 02, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai notifies Ambassador Ni Zhiliang about the estimated arrival of Pak Il-u and advises Kim Il Sung to order the troops that were cut off by the opposing side and have no way to retreat to persist in guerrilla actions where they are.

  • October 03, 1950

    Transcript of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and K.M. Panikkar

    Zhou Enlai talks with K.M. Panikkar about a letter from Jawaharlal Nehru asking about the North Korea issue and U.S. involvement on the Korean peninsula. Zhou expresses that if American soldiers cross the 38th parallel, then China will take charge of the issue. Zhou also communicates the desire from the Chinese side for the peaceful settlement of the Korea issuen through the UN, which will first require foreign armed forces to exit the Korean peninsula.

  • October 03, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Roshchin in Beijing to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin from the Soviet Army General Staff on combats with the US.

  • October 04, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Gao Gang, He Jinnian, and Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on the mobilization of Korean drivers in the northeast.

  • October 07, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai informs Ambassador Ni Zhiliang that questions about North Korea battle operations have been discussed with Pak Il-u, making further disclosure of opinions with the North Korean side unnecessary.

  • October 07, 1950

    Telegram from Matveev to USSR Council of Ministers

    Pak Il-u meets with Mao Zedong and five members of the CCP Politburo to discuss the current military situation in North Korea.

  • October 07, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 25348, Roshchin to Filippov [Stalin]

    Ambassador Roshchin passes a message from Mao to Stalin regarding the Chinese deployment of troops to Korea.

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Matveev to Council of Ministers

    Telegram from the Chairman of the General Staff of the Soviet Army in North Korea to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR with information from the North Korean government about the procedure for concentrating and introducing the united Chinese Peoples’ Volunteers into the territory of the DPRK.

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to the Soviet Council of Ministers

    Telegram of the ambassador of the USSR in the DPRK to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR with information from the North Korean government about the decision of China to send a volunteer army to Korea

  • October 08, 1950

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Mao informs Stalin that the Chinese volunteers could cross into Korea by October 15.

  • October 11, 1950

    Cable No. 4785, Filippov [Stalin] and Zhou Enlai to the Soviet Ambassador in Peking

    Instructions for the Chinese army in light of the fact that the Chinese forces designated to assist Korea are not ready.

  • October 12, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 25553, Roshchin to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao Zedong has already given orders to halt Chinese troops preparing to cross the Korean border.

  • October 12, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 25544, Roshchin to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao acknowledges a telegram from Stalin.