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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China and the Korean War

 A collection of materials documenting China's involvement in all stages of the Korean War. For more coverage of the Korean War on the Digital Archive, see the collections: (1) Korean War Origins, 1945-1950; (2) Korean War, 1950-1953; (3) Korean War Armistice; and (4) Korean War Biological Warfare Allegations. (Image: Chen Geng, Peng Dehuai, and Deng Hua, commanders of the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, stand together for a group photo)

  • January 16, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, transmitting 14 January 1951 Message from Mao to Peng Dehuai with Message from Kim Il Sung

    Mao asks Stalin on his opinion regarding the incorporation of Korean troops into the Chinese army, as well as the possible response of the enemy.

  • January 27, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, Conveying the 19 January 1951 Telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao Zedong regarding Meetings with Kim Il Sung

    The telegram from Peng Dehuai discusses the results of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, including Kim Il Sung’s belief that the Korean People’s Army cannot defeat the Americans alone, the defense of the Korea's coast, the re-staffing of five corps, and preparations for soldiers to carry out work in the newly liberated areas.

  • January 29, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, conveying 28 January 1951 telegram from Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai

    A forward to Stalin of a message sent earlier by Mao to Peng Dehuai. It outlines operational plans for the PLA and KPA in and around Seoul and talks about the need to gain an advantageous military position with negotiations in mind.

  • June 05, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao asks Stalin to receive Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung in Moscow so that they may discuss military operations in Korea.

  • June 07, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin telling Mao that he is ready to receive Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung.

  • June 21, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin discussing the rearmament of KPA and PLA forces and the military aid from the Soviets necessary for this rearmament.

  • June 28, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Krasovsky to Stalin transmitting 29 June 1951 Telegram from Kim Il Sung to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Krasvosky to Stalin reporting on the conversation he had with Mao concerning the training of Chinese pilots in MIG-15s and the contruction of three airbases south of Pyongyang.

  • June 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin advising on the manner in which he believes armistice negotiations should be carried out.

  • July 03, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) conveying 30 June 1951 message from Kim Il Sung to Mao

    Kim Il Sung’s message to Mao Zedong communicates Kim’s requirements for a peace proposal.

  • July 03, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao Zedong writes Stalin on the Chinese position for a ceasefire in the Korean War which the Chinese side will propose at an upcoming meeting with the UN negotiators. Mao asks Stalin for his opinion on the Chinese position.

  • July 27, 1952

    Letter, Mao Zedong to Comrade Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao Zedong briefs Stalin on the proposed itinerary of a delegation to Moscow led by Zhou Enlai.

  • August 18, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao [Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou reports on the initial plans for his visit to Moscow and some of the conversations he's held concerning the Korean War.

  • September 02, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai and Peng Dehuai try to persuade Kim Il Sung to fight until the United States proposes negotiations.

  • September 13, 1952

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao

    Zhou Enlai reports that Kim Il Sung, Pak Heon-yeong, and Peng Dehuai will reach Beijing on October 16.

  • September 14, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong]

    Zhou and Stalin discuss the Korean War POW issue as well as the United Nations.

  • September 16, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai updates Mao Zedong on the latest conversations with Stalin and other members of the Soviet leadership. Topics of discussion included Soviet technical assistance to China, developments in the Korean War, the United Nations, and the formation of a regional organization for Asia.

  • September 22, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou and Stalin discuss the POW issue, the United Nations and the formation of a new regional organization for Asia, and military cooperation.

  • December 27, 1952

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees to send ammunitions to Mao in preparation for a US attack.

  • April 15, 1954

    Protocol for the Phased Withdrawal of Troops (First Draft)

    A first draft of the proposal to withdraw United Nations Command and Chinese People's Volunteers troops from southern and northern Korea respectively. The protocol also outlines a schedule for the withdrawal of all foreign troops from the Korean peninsula.

  • October 24, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 24 October 1960

    In a meeting with the PRC military delegation, Kim Kwang-hae gives a report to express gratitude on military, economic and technical aid from China and confirms the mutual friendship between PRC and DPRK.