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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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The Overseas Chinese and the Cold War

The Overseas Chinese were often at the forefront of the People’s Republic of China’s relationships with the United States, Vietnam, Korea, and Indonesia, among other countries, during the Cold War, and were a major object of the struggle between the Communists on Mainland China and the Nationalists on Taiwan.

  • October 19, 1956

    CDS Report No. 20 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on his audience with President Diem, voices concern about the possibility of Japan being admitted into the United Nations, and briefly discusses recent Vietnamese internal dealings with the Chinese minority, and the possibility of Japanese reparations.

  • November 08, 1956

    CDS Report No. 23 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on the delivery of President Rhee's letter to President Diem, Vietnam-Taiwan relations on the topic of Chinese minorities living in Vietnam, and recent South Vietnam affairs including an exhibit displaying proofs of Communist Viet Minh activities.

  • January 10, 1957

    Letter No. 39 from the President (Syngman Rhee) to Minister Duk Shin Choi

    President Rhee briefly comments on his New Year address and acknowledges the difficulties of South Vietnam's Chinese minority issue.

  • May 20, 1957

    Report No. 118 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the increasing number of American arms in the Far East and the immigration issue between China and Philippines in Formosa.

  • June 27, 1957

    CDS Report No. 45 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on the observance of June 25th, Japanese local interference with the Korean publications, recent Vietnam affairs, and news form Laos and Cambodia.

  • July 26, 1957

    CDS Report No. 49 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on the recognition of the Federation of Malaya, trade missions between South Korea and South Vietnam, and recent Vietnamese and Southeast Asian affairs.

  • August 15, 1957

    CDS Report No. 52 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on the preparation for Malayan Independence Ceremony, National Day activities, and Vietnamese affairs, including President Diem's travel to Thailand and the continued issue of Chinese minorities in South Vietnam.

  • 1958

    Policy for the China Expatriate Committee’s Expatriate Strategy

    The Chinese government announces that "relations with Chinese internationals are an important component of the state’s foreign relations work."

  • 1958

    Recommendations for the China Expatriate Committee’s Expatriate Affairs

    Recommendations to increase the patriotism of Chinese living overseas and advance Chinese foreign policy goals.

  • September 25, 1958

    On the Issues of Market Conditions in Burma and Burmese Businessmen Participating in the Autumn Trade Fair

    The Chinese government analyzes the intentions and likely benefits of having Burmese business people come to trade fairs in China.

  • January 04, 1959

    Policy Documents for Expatriate Affairs related to the CCP Central Committee, Expatriate Committee, and District Committees (1956, 1957, 1959)

    The CCP reviews its work with international Chinese in Southeast Asia as well as some of the boundary issues with Laos, Burma, and Vietnam.

  • December 20, 1959

    Recommendations for Preparing a Large Welcome for International Chinese

    The Chinese government strategizes how it can best bring Overseas Chinese back to the Chinese mainland following the anti-Chinese riots in Indonesia.

  • December 25, 1959

    Record of Conversation from Vice Premier Chen Yi's Reception of the Envoys of Fraternal Countries to China

    Chen Yi briefs diplomats from the Soviet Union and elsewhere in Eastern Europe on the overseas Chinese crisis in Indonesia.

  • February 29, 1960

    Ideas for Returned International Chinese Students’ Work

    A report on the crackdown against Overseas Chinese in Indonesia and the responses of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • April, 1960

    First Asia Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Negotiations and Talks between the Chinese and Burmese Governments on the Issue of Dual Citizenship of Overseas Chinese over the Past Year'

    The document covers series conversation transcripts between Chinese and Myanmar officials in the negotiation of the dual nationalities issues of Overseas Chinese, for example the transcript of conversation between Chairman Mao and Premier U Nu, the main points of first meeting between Premier Zhou and Premier U Nu, the transcript of conversation between Ambassador Li Yimang and Myanmar Foreign Minister.

  • March, 1963

    Summary of Burma’s Situation, General Outline, Basic Narrative of Issues between China and Burma, Record of Major Events in China-Burma Relations

    A Chinese report on political, social, and diplomatic changes in Burma since Ne Win's coming to power.

  • March 09, 1967

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A report on a meeting between Kim Il Sung and the Cuban Ambassador in which the North Koreans criticize China, report on North Korea's relations with Cuba and Yugoslavia, and comment on nuclear nonproliferation.

  • May 05, 1970

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The embassy of Hungary in North Korea reports on a recent discussion with Soviet Ambassador Sudarikov, who commented on Chinese-North Korean relations and the situation in Cambodia.

  • October 13, 1973

    Verbatim Transcript of the Fourth Meeting between Prime Minister Trudeau and Premier Zhou Enlai

    In their final talk, Trudeau and Zhou Enlai discuss Sino-Canadian trade, the Cultural Revolution, and the status of Chinese in Canada.

  • January 18, 1974

    Note from the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Viet-Nam

    Vuong Van Bac of the Republic of Vietnam rejects China's claims over the Spratly and Paracel Islands.