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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China-Western Europe Relations

 This collection follows China's relations with countries in Western Europe from the early 1950s through the 1980s. It includes documents from China, Italy, France, West Germany, and other countries. See also the Digital Archive collection: Sino-French Normalization, 1964.For materials on China's relations with Eastern Europe, see China-Eastern Europe Relations. (Image: The Chairman of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, Mao Zedong (r), welcomes CSU Chairman Franz Josef Strauß (l). The politicians met on January 16, 1975 in Beijing, China.)

  • June 23, 1969

    Note from Department Head Ruete, 'Meeting with the Bonn Xinhua Representative on June 13, 1969'

    A West German diplomat meets with a Xinhua correspondent to discuss China's relations with Bonn

  • June 26, 1969

    Letter from Mario Crema to Pietro Nenni

    Crema outlines the current trends of Chinese foreign policy as Chinese mission leaders abroad gradually return and border tensions with the USSR arise.

  • July 14, 1969

    Note from Ambassador Caruso for Ambassador Vinci

    The Italian delegation to the UN decides to vote in favor of the assignment of the Chinese seat to the PRC.

  • September 30, 1969

    Letter no. 428 from Franco Maria Malfatti to Aldo Moro

    Malfatti reports his observations of the Chinese ambassador, who displayed a strong position against the Soviet Union and Taiwan.

  • September 30, 1969

    Letter no. 429 from Franco Maria Malfatti to Aldo Moro

    Malfatti reports on his impression of the prospects of negotiations with the Chinese in regards to establishing diplomatic relations.

  • October 01, 1969

    Letter from Aldo Moro to Franco Mario Malfatti

    Moro discusses the ongoing negotiations at the UN concerning the recognition of the People's Republic of China.

  • October 06, 1969

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Note of Asia-Oceania Department, 'Sino-French Relations'

    Following the peak of the Cultural Revolution, the French Foreign Ministry concludes that Sino-French relations "have shown signs of détente, which, in the current context, represents important progress."

  • October 28, 1969

    Telegram Number 2142-08, 'Conversation with the Deputy-Minister of Foreign Affairs (Europe)'

    Luo Guibo is curious about developments in West German-Soviet relations and the Conference on European Security, while Etienne Manac’h inquires about China's appointment of ambassadors to Europe.

  • November 05, 1969

    Note Number 969 from M. Jacques Roux to Maurice Schumann, 'Divided Countries: Germany and China'

    M. Jacques Roux describes and compares West German-East German relations and China-Taiwan relations, reporting that, as Beijing opens up with Western countries, it is concurrently demanding that they break relations with Taipei.

  • November 17, 1969

    Aldo Moro’s Notes on Letter no. 61

    Moro considers the different options in regards to establishing relations with the People's Republic of China and maintaining relations with Taiwan.

  • December 05, 1969

    Note on the Conversation between the Honourable Minister and the Canadian Minister for Foreign Affairs Sharp, at NATO in Brussels

    Mitchell Sharp and Aldo Moro coordinate Canadian and Italian policies towards China and Taiwan.

  • December 24, 1969

    Telegram Number 2592/98, 'China and the German Problem'

    French diplomat in Beijing Etienne Manac’h writes that "China is very concerned by the trend towards détente emerging in East-West relations."

  • July 13, 1970

    Report of the Meeting on Monday July 13, 1970, at the Great Hall of the People

    A record of conversation between Andre Bettencourt, Mao Zedong, and Zhou Enlai.

  • November 02, 1970

    Letter from Aldo Moro to President Giuseppe Saragat

    Moro discusses establishing diplomatic relations with the PRC in respect to the position of the United States.

  • November 03, 1970

    Letter from President Giuseppe Saragat to Aldo Moro

    President Saragat discusses the dilemma between recognizing mainland China and respecting the sovereignty of Taiwan.

  • November 20, 1970

    Memorandum from Department Head Oncken, 'Establishment of Relations with the People's Republic of China and Albania'

    West German diplomats explore whether or not Bonn could or should normalize relations with China and Albania.

  • November 28, 1970

    Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Italian Republic and the People’s Republic of China

    Italy establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.

  • December 30, 1970

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of Political Affairs, Asia-Oceania, Note, 'State of the Chinese Question after Canada and Italy’s Recognition of Beijing and After the UN Discussion'

    Following the normalization of relations between Canada and Italy and China, the French Foreign Ministry speculates how China's status at the United Nations may change in the near future.

  • January, 1972

    The International Activities of the Chinese Leadership and Conclusions for the Practice of the GDR's Relations with the PR China

    The GDR Foreign Ministry outlines the current shifts in the PRC's foreign policy within the international community under the Mao group.

  • January, 1972

    Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the GDR, Far East Department, 'The International Activities of the Chinese Leadership and Conclusions for the Structuring of Relations between the GDR and the PR China'

    A discussion of Chinese foreign policy towards the Soviet Union, countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, the United States, Japan, and Western Europe.