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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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China and Africa

 This collection highlights China's relations with countries in Africa during the Mao period, particularly in the 1960s. The collection features Chinese documents on economic and cultural relations with several countries in Africa, as well as meetings and leadership exchanges. See also the collection: China's Foreign Aid. Image: Chinese leader Mao-Tse-Tung greets President Julius K. Nyerere of Tanzania in Peking. President Nyerere went to Chinese Capital to finalise the Tanzania/Zambia railway line project, January 1, 1960 (Credit: CameraPix).

  • January 16, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 02 (Overall Issue No. 28)

    This issue begins with an announcement from the Chinese, Mongolian, and Soviet governments about the completion of a connective railway. Zhou Enlai and the Chinese government also recognize the independence of Sudan. Other sections discuss the ongoing Sino-American ambassadorial talks, retirement and sick leave benefits for state employees, and the simplification of Chinese characters.

  • May 12, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 17 (Overall Issue No. 43)

    This issue features a statement about Sino-Cambodian trade and letters that the Chinese Minister of Foreign Trade, Ye Jizhuang, exchanged with his Sudanese counterpart, Ibrahim al-Mufti. It also discusses construction, budget appropriations for post and telecommunications enterprises, and flood control. Other sections address educational matters, including convening a national meeting for outstanding primary and secondary school teachers.

  • February 21, 1959

    Mao Zedong, 'Africa's Task is to Struggle Against Imperialism'

    On February 21, 1959, in a meeting with representatives of the Union of the Populations of Cameroon and of the youths of Guinea, Kenya and Madagascar, Mao Zedong argued that Africa's task is to struggle against imperialism and that the people of various countries should assist and support African people in the struggle for liberation.

  • March 21, 1960

    Cable from the Chinese People's Committee to Defend World Peace and Combat U.S. Aggression and the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announces the Chinese delegates for the Indian Peace and Disarmament Conference and the Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Assembly.

  • May 07, 1960

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Guests from Africa

    Mao describes the history of Western imperialism in China and discusses ways that people around the world are opposing imperialism. He pledges to support the anti-imperialist struggle in Africa and calls for unity. (Note: in this 1968 edition, the names of a Cuban national hero and his younger brother [presumably Fidel and Raul Castro] are redacted.)

  • April 28, 1961

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Guests from Asia and Africa

    Mao extends deep sympathy and support to people struggling against imperialism in Arab and African countries. This report was originally published in the People's Daily on April 29, 1961.

  • December 29, 1961

    Cable from the Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee, 'Request to Send Culture and Friendship Delegation to Visit Africa'

    The PRC Foreign Cultural Liaison Committee proposes to send a propaganda team to Guinea, Mali, Egypt, Morocco, Ghana, Tunisia, Syria, and Iraq.

  • 1962

    Letter from the Ambassador Extraordinary of the PRC in the Republic of Mali to the Government of the Republic of Mali

    The Chinese Embassy proposes the terms of sending Chinese experts to assist with agricultural development and production in Mali.

  • January 24, 1962

    Cable from the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to Vice Premier Li Fuchun, ‘Regarding Instructions for the Exchange of Notes on the Chinese Agricultural Experts Going to Mali’

    The General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries asks Li Fuchun for guidance on the terms of dispatching Chinese agricultural experts to Mali.

  • January 30, 1962

    Record of the State Council's Answer to the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries’ Request for Instructions

    Li Fuchun and Chen Yi provide instructions to the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries on assistance to Mali.

  • April 28, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Mali to the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries, ‘Regarding the Exchange of Notes for the Chinese Agricultural Experts Going to Mali’

    The Chinese Embassy in Mali amends some of the specific terms for the dispatching of Chinese agricultural experts to Mali.

  • May 03, 1962

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with a Government and Economic Delegation and Women's Delegation from Guinea

    Mao and visitors from Guinea discuss various economic and diplomatic issues that have emerged since their country became independent from France in October 1958.

  • May 21, 1962

    Cable from the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to the Chinese Embassy in Mali, ‘Regarding the Exchange of Notes on the Conditions of the Experts’ Work'

    The General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries wants to ensure that the Chinese agricultural experts sent to Mali will be treated and cared for by the Malian government.

  • August 17, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Mali to the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries, ‘Regarding the Various Issues Concerning the Experts Coming to Mali’

    The Chinese Embassy reports that Mali hopes that Chinese industrial experts will come to Mali.

  • August 17, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Guinea, 'Report on the Work Situation of the Tea Specialists Group in Guinea'

    The Chinese Embassy in Guinea reports on the efforts of Chinese experts to start up tea plantations in the country.

  • August 30, 1962

    Cable from the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries to the Chinese Embassy in Mali, ‘Regarding Amendments to the Exchange of Notes’

    Instructions for the Chinese Embassy on negotiating payments for Chinese experts in Mali.

  • September, 1962

    Work Report of the Tea Specialist Group Aiding Guinea

    A lengthy report on the work of Chinese experts in Guinea to start up tea plantations in the country.

  • January 10, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Mali, ‘The Duration of Employment for the Agricultural Experts Aiding Malii’

    The Chinese Embassy in Mali reports on the "ideological" preparedness of Chinese experts to stay in Mali and assist with development projects.

  • April 26, 1963

    Cable from the Chinese General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries et al, ‘Regarding the Question of the Experts' Rotation'

    Chinese experts are instructed to remain in Mali, despite problems they are personally facing.

  • July 25, 1963

    Cable from the Commercial Attaché, Chinese Embassy in Mali, to the General Bureau for Economic Relations with Foreign Countries

    A coversheet for several reports on Chinese economic assistance to Mali.