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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Euratom

The European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) was established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957 with the purpose of coordinating and monitoring nuclear energy research programs among the countries of the European Union. (Image: The contracts for the Small European Customs Pact and for the Western European Atomic Energy Community (Eurotom) were signed in Rome on March 25, 1957 by government representatives from the six member states of the Montan Union.(from left to right) Federal Chancellor Adenauer, who signed for the Bonn government, State Secretary Hallstein and the Italian Prime Minister Antonio Segni.)

  • February 07, 1967

    Note to the French Council of Ministers on the Non-Proliferation Treaty

    This note to the Council of Ministers details the jurisdiction and consequences stemming from the American request that an Article III be included into the NPT.

  • February 10, 1967

    Notes by the Euratom Commission to the Council of Ministers

    These notes from the Euratom Commission to the Council of Ministers discuss the inclusion of an agreement on nonproliferation and between the United States and the Soviet Union and the impact of oversight.

  • February 27, 1967

    Note by the Euratom Commission, 'Construction of an Eventual Isotopic Separation Plant'

    This note from the Euratom Commision details the possible construction of an isotope separation plant in the European Community.

  • February 28, 1967

    Interview with M. Margulies, German member of the Commission by Karl H. Schwarz, 'The Euratom Treaty Bursts'

    This interview with M. Margulies describes the Euratom Treaty as a tangible manifestation of a desire for peace.

  • March 02, 1967

    Study on the Comparison between IAEA and Euratom Safeguards by the Department of Safeguards

    This paper analyzes the safeguard systems in the Euratom Treaty and the IAEA Statute. The study concludes that Euratom has tighter and more complex control of the materials for which it is responsible, but the methods used in the two systems are comparable and compatible.

  • March 15, 1967

    Memorandum by the Euratom Commission on the Visit of Lord Chalfont on 9 March 1967

    Lord Chalfont described the international agreement on non-dissemination of nuclear weapons as a new phase in negotiations on disarmament.

  • March 29, 1967

    Euratom Commission, 'Project of Response to the Questions Asked by the Committee of Permanent Representatives to the Council'

    This project served as a response to questions asked by the Committee of Permanent Representatives to the Council. It discusses the compatibility of the NPT project and the Euratom Treaty as well as modifications.

  • May 24, 1967

    Memorandum of the Meeting of the Council of Ministers of Euratom in Brussels from 10-12 April 1967

    This restricted meeting considers nonproliferation primarily as a contribution to ensure peace in the world and the detent between east and west.

  • September 13, 1967

    European Commission to the Council of Ministers on the Russian Draft of Article III of the Non-Proliferation Treaty

    This memo to the Council of Ministers from the Euratom Commission examines the Russian draft of Article III of the NPT. It draws attention to the gradual convergence of Russian and American positions on the control clauses of the Treaty.

  • October 05, 1967

    Aide-Memoire to Commissioner Martino by Robert Schaetzel, 'Article III of the Non-Proliferation Treaty'

    This memorandum to Commissioner Martino from Ambassador Schaetzel accepts the Soviet Draft Article III as he believes it will permit non-nuclear Euratom countries to negotiate collectively with the IAEA and permit a satisfactory verification concept.

  • October 09, 1967

    Note on the American Aide-Memoire on Article III of the Non-Proliferatoin Treaty

    This note describes an American memo detailing the Soviet project to create an Article III in the Nonproliferation Treaty Note.

  • October 10, 1967

    European Commission, 'Exchange of Views on the Problems Posed by the Draft Treaty of Non-Proliferation'

    This memo to the Euratom Commission detailed the reaction of the Council of Minister on the problems in the proposed non-proliferation treaty.

  • November 13, 1967

    Aide-Mémoire on the Non-Proliferation Treaty Distributed by the US Committee for Euratom Commission

    Checklist of topics covered in discussions between the United States and the Soviet Union on Article III of the Nonproliferation Treaty.

  • January, 1968

    Jan Gijssels, 'Euratom and the Draft Non-Proliferation Treaty of Nuclear Weapons in Terms of Law'

    This article by Jan Gijssels discusses the legal implications of Euratom and the proposed Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • January 18, 1968

    Presentation to the Institute of International Law Gottingen University by Felix Oboussier, 'Potential Impacts of Non-Proliferation Treaty Draft on the Euratom Treaty'

    This presentation, given by Felix Oboussier, discusses the potential impacts the NPT may have on the Euratom Treaty. He concludes that a definitive opinion on the whether or not the requirements and objections of non-nuclear member states have been fully taken into account seems premature.

  • September 20, 1971

    Note to the Executive Management of Foreign Affairs on Euratom Verification Agreement

    This document includes council directives to the Commission for the negotiation of a Euratom verification agreement in accordance with Article III, 4, of the NPT.