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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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End of the Cold War

This is a collection of primary source documents covering the collapse of the Soviet Union during the late 1980s. The collection contains documents from archives in most of the former Soviet bloc countries. They discuss the changes occurring in Eastern Europe and the Tiananmen Square events in China. See also Cold War Origins. (Image, East German border guards look through a hole in the Berlin Wall, 1989)

  • September 21, 1990

    Letter, V. M. Falin to M. S. Gorbachev

    Chairman of International Department V. M. Falin writes to Gorbachev about changes in the structure and organization of the Soviet political system and communist party.

  • October 03, 1990

    Bush-Kohl Telephone Conversation on the Situation in Germany

    Telephone conversation between President George H. W. Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl on the situation in Germany.

  • October 26, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the Chairman of the Spanish Government, Felipe González in Madrid

    Gorbachev and Gonzalez discuss the positive improvement of East-West relations and the changes happening in the Soviet republics.

  • November 08, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the US Secretary of State, J. Baker in Moscow

    Baker and Gorbachev discuss public opinion of the recent improvement in relations between the Soviet Union and the United States, as well as Saddam Hussein's recent invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 09, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn

    Kohl expresses concerns about Gorbachev's control over the situation in the Soviet Union and offers his support. The two then discuss the recent invasion of Kuwait by Iraq.

  • 1991

    Organizing Group for the Establishment of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine in 1991

    List of officers who assisted with the organization of independent Ukraine's new ministry of defense.

  • September, 1991

    Report by S. Goncharov for the Russian Leadership on the Question of the Current Situation in Relations between Russia and China (Excerpt)

    S. Goncharov describes the lessons the Soviet Union drew from China's suppression of the student protests in Beijing in spring 1989.

  • October 17, 1991

    Telegram by Ambassador Vanni D'Archirafi, 'NATO summit in Rome - Possible "Relationship agreements" between NATO and Central-Eastern Europe countries'

    The document emphasizes the need for increased dialogue and cooperation with Central and Eastern European countries. It presents three alternative frameworks for cooperation.