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Archivio Andreotti's NATO Series

Giulio Andreotti (Rome, 1919-2013) was one of the most important figures in Italian politics after the Second World War. This collection, drawn from Andreotti's papers held by the Istituto Luigi Sturzo, features letters, telegrams, reports, notes, and memoranda written by officials from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE) and the Ministry of Defense and various Italian Ambassadors and diplomatic advisers. The materials are broadly related to NATO affairs and include dossiers prepared by MAE officials for the sessions of North Atlantic Council, special meetings of NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs or Ministers of Defense, Andreotti’s visits abroad, and visits of important international leaders in Italy. The materials were selected and described by Dr. Lodovica Clavarino as part of a joint Wilson Center-Roma Tre University-Istituto Sturzo project.  For further information, see the introduction by Leopoldo Nuti and Lodovica Clavarino, "The Giulio Andreotti Archive: A First-Hand Account of NATO." Image: North Atlantic Council Meeting, Lisbon, June 1985. From left: Carrington, Andreotti, Romano. Source: Istituto Luigi Sturzo, Busta 170_fascicolo 74_1985. Reproduction of this image without the prior authorization of the Istituto Luigi Sturzo is prohibited. All commercial use is forbidden.

  • May 02, 1989

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The Wintex-Cimex '89 Exercise in its nuclear aspects. Evolution, peculiarities and implications'

    NATO's Deputy Secretary General Marcello Guidi writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti at the end of his term volunteering his rather optimistic views on the developments in East-West relations and NATO during the past three years. Key topics include disarmament, the German question, and the future role of NATO.

  • June 27, 1989

    Letter from NATO Deputy General Secretary Marcello Guidi to Minister Andreotti

    NATO's Deputy Secretary General Marcello Guidi writes to Foreign Minister Andreotti at the end of his term volunteering his rather optimistic views on the developments in East-West relations and NATO during the past three years. Key topics include disarmament, the German question, and the future role of NATO.

  • September 19, 1989

    Implementing Agreement between United States Department of Defense and Italian Ministry of Defense, 'Italy - US (about Patriot)'

    Implementing agreement for the Patriot system between Italy and USA. Attached also correspondence between Secretary of Defense Cheney and Minister of Defense Martinazzoli.

  • November 16, 1989

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council - Soviet foreign policy'

    Brief overview of the debate among NATO states regarding the drastic changes in Soviet foreign policy and their effects on European security and the alliance.

  • November 21, 1989

    Letter from NATO Deputy General Secretary Marcello Guidi to Minister Gianni De Michelis

    The letter addresses developments in the relationship between the two German states and the prospect of reunification. It describes the political climate in West Germany towards reunification as hesitant, if not reluctant, and voices concerns over the destabilizing potential of such efforts.

  • December 12, 1989

    Report, 'Purchase from Italy of the Surface-to-air Missile System PATRIOT of Raytheon Co. - US'

    This document discusses the political and strategic reasoning behind Italy's decision to acquire the Patriot air defense system from the US.

  • June 15, 1990

    Letter from Prime Minister Andreotti to NATO Secretary General Woerner

    The telegram includes a transcript of Andreotti's letter to NATO's Secretary General Woerner. In the light of the rapidly changing international system Andreotti emphasizes the necessity to bring NATO up to date to meet the new circumstances and to guarantee adequate defense moving forward.

  • June 26, 1990

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'SNF negotiations'

    The document describes the state of the SNF negotiations that Italy and West Germany started pushing for in 1989.

  • July 05, 1990

    Analysis, 'The Atlantic Alliance in the 1990s'

    An analysis of the current state of NATO and its future prospects given the changing European lanscape. NATO will have to review its attitude, role, and tasks to adapt to the new realities of European security.

  • August 21, 1990

    Letter from US President Bush to Prime Minister Andreotti

    An exchange of views between Bush and Andreotti in preparation for the NATO Summit in London and the final declaration.

  • October 19, 1990

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Transfer to Crotone of the 401st Formation of US Air Force'

    Short telegram in which Fulci reports his conversation with his US counterpart about the recent decision on the Crotone airbase. Taft described the episode as a "parliamentary ambush" and reiterated the US administration's determination to do everything possible to safeguard the strategically important project.

  • November 04, 1990

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Perlot) to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Review of the Alliance - The European dimension of security and the safeguard of NATO'

    Enzo Perlot describes the Italian position vis-à-vis the evolution of NATO and the European Union. He predicts strengthening of the European pillar, together with incresing responsibilities.

  • October 17, 1991

    Telegram by Ambassador Vanni D'Archirafi, 'NATO summit in Rome - Possible "Relationship agreements" between NATO and Central-Eastern Europe countries'

    The document emphasizes the need for increased dialogue and cooperation with Central and Eastern European countries. It presents three alternative frameworks for cooperation.

  • November 11, 1991

    Memorandum by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the Secretary General, 'Atlantic summit in Rome - Assessment'

    A summary of the Alliance's New Strategic Concept and the Rome Declaration on Peace and Cooperation published during the Rome Summit with comments from the Italian foreign ministry.

  • November 12, 1991

    Telegram from Ambassador Biancheri to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic summit in Rome'

    Ambassador Biancheri analyses the outcomes of the Rome Summit in the context of American politics. The Bush administration has presented the summit as an extraordinary success, but it has also shown the need to re-evaluate US role in Europe and around the world.

  • November 14, 1991

    Telegram by Ambassador Vento to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Prospects opened by Lord Carrington's mission'

    Italian Ambassador to Belgrade, Vento, offers his initial analysis of Lord Carrington's mission to Belgrade, and the possibility of a peacekeeping mission in Yugoslavia.

  • April 14, 1995

    Telegram from NATO Deputy Secretary General De Franchis, 'NATO-Russia relations and Italy's position'

    Deputy Secretary General of NATO Amedeo De Franchis briefs Italian embassies about the state of NATO-Russia relations, and the Italian position. He emphasizes the importance of Russian security concerns and calls for caution in NATO's enlargement strategy.

  • August 29, 1996

    Letter from Minister of Defense Diplomatic Adviser Sessa to General Secretary Biancheri, 'Adjustment of the Alliance; Updating of the situation and of the possible orientations of Italy's position'

    A detailed study on actual and potential adaptation measures of the NATO, and Italy's position vis-à-vis the coming changes. The document illustrates serious concerns over possible marginalization of the Italian role in the future of the alliance.

  • February 22, 1997

    President of Centro Alti Studi Difesa, ' Note for the Minister - NATO's enlargement. Scenarios, Italian interests and possible options'

    The report examines the challenges associated with the enlargement of NATO, and identifies Italian interests and concerns. It outlines the motivations driving the enlargement efforts, and draws attention to the possible reduction in Italian role in the European context.