Archivio Andreotti's NATO Series
Giulio Andreotti (Rome, 1919-2013) was one of the most important figures in Italian politics after the Second World War. This collection, drawn from Andreotti's papers held by the Istituto Luigi Sturzo, features letters, telegrams, reports, notes, and memoranda written by officials from the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE) and the Ministry of Defense and various Italian Ambassadors and diplomatic advisers. The materials are broadly related to NATO affairs and include dossiers prepared by MAE officials for the sessions of North Atlantic Council, special meetings of NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs or Ministers of Defense, Andreotti’s visits abroad, and visits of important international leaders in Italy. The materials were selected and described by Dr. Lodovica Clavarino as part of a joint Wilson Center-Roma Tre University-Istituto Sturzo project. For further information, see the introduction by Leopoldo Nuti and Lodovica Clavarino, "The Giulio Andreotti Archive: A First-Hand Account of NATO." Image: North Atlantic Council Meeting, Lisbon, June 1985. From left: Carrington, Andreotti, Romano. Source: Istituto Luigi Sturzo, Busta 170_fascicolo 74_1985. Reproduction of this image without the prior authorization of the Istituto Luigi Sturzo is prohibited. All commercial use is forbidden.
April 30, 1974
Report, 'NATO Conference on intelligence (AHIWG) for the review of the documents MC 161/73 and 255/73 (Bruxelles, 25th March-5th April)'
Report from NATO's Intelligence Conference (AHIWG) where member states reviewed and updated two key intelligence documents: "Strength and Capabilities of the Soviet bloc" (MC 161/73) and "Warsaw Pact Penetration and Military Presence in the Middle East, North Africa and adjacent areas" (MC 255/73).
June 28, 1974
Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (signed by De Rin), 'Atlantic Council held in Ottawa, 18th-19th June 1974'
Reflections on the current state of transatlantic relations and Kissinger's foreign policy from Italian perspective. The meeting in Ottawa revealed that the US-Europe relationship is not one of harmony and concord, but that Kissinger sees himself as a peace builder in East-West relations, viewing them in strictly bilateral terms.
July 04, 1974
Letter by the Italian Ambassador in London, Raimondo Manzini, to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Aldo Moro
Italian Ambassador to London, Raimondo Manzini, writes to Foreign minister Moro in the aftermath of the 1974 Ottawa Declaration. He discusses the British interest in reviving the Special Relationship with the US and its effects on European politics, and suggests that through intensified dialogue and cooperation, an Anglo-Italian solidarity could function as a counterweight to the close Franco-German relations.
May 20, 1978
Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Catalano to Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'DPC Ministerial session - Long-term defense program'
Telegram from Italy's permanent representative to NATO, Felice Catalano, to Foreign Minister Arnaldo Forlani. Forlani analyses the Defense Planning Committee's proposal for NATO's long-term defence program that will be brought before heads of state at the Washington Summit in the end of May.
May 30, 1978
Memorandum by Minister of Defense Attilio Ruffini for the Prime Minister Andreotti, 'Washington Summit - NATO's program for long-term defense (LTDP)'
Minister of Defense Attilio Ruffini's notes to Prime Minister Andreotti regarding NATO's proposal for a long-term defense program. Italy faces pressure to increase its economic contribution, but for the time being cannot make a binding commitment.
December 14, 1978
Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The autumn sessions of NATO Ministers of Defense meetings (Eurogroup: 4th December; DPC 5th-6th December 1978)'
The 1978 fall sessions of the Eurogroup and the Defense Planning Committee discussed the Alliance's reaction to new nuclear capabilities of the Soviet Union and conventional build up of the Warsaw Pact. Even though the NATO states acknowledge that the Soviet Union will not be able to maintain its current efforts due to its economic problems, 1980s are seen as posing risks to the current peace.
December 18, 1978
Memorandum by Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 'The 1978 Ministerial Atlantic Council'
Notes from the NATO Ministerial meeting. Topics discussed included the need to "relaunch" détente, Soviet policy in Africa, US optimism about SALT, political tensions in Romania, China and the Baltics, and European concerns over Soviet medium range missiles.
January 27, 1979
Letter by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Forlani to the Minister of Defense Ruffini, and Ruffini's reply with attachment General Staff of Defense (SMD) note
Correspondence between the Foreign Minister Forlani and Minister of Defense Ruffini regarding modernization of NATO's nuclear capabilities, including technical and military aspects, and political implications.
November 16, 1979
Rinaldo Petrignani, NATO Deputy Secretary General), Speech to the Atlantic Council's Seminar of Study, Cini Foundation; Venezia, 15th-17th November 1970, 'NATO, Western Europe's security and the issue of SS-20 missiles'
Vice Secretary General of NATO Rinaldo Petrignani sends PM Giulio Andreotti a report from the meeting of the Italian Atlatic Committee regarding Western European security situation and the threat posed by political and military modernization in the Soviet Union, and in particular, the introduction of SS20 missiles.
October 11, 1980
Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Ministry of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'US strategic doctrine's update and consequences for the defense of Europe'
Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO Tornetta to Foreign Minister Colombo regarding the new directive of President Carter (PD-59) on the use of strategic nuclear systems. According to Tornetta PD-59 represents a significant change in the balance between the superpowers and the allied defense posture in Europe.
October 15, 1980
Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Vincenzo Tornetta to Minister of Foreign Affairs Colombo: Atlantic Council - Consultations about security in view of the CSCE meeting to be held in Madrid"
Report from the Italian permanent representative to NATO, Tornetta, from the CSCE meeting in Madrid discusses the French proposal for a Conference on Disarmament (CDE) in Europe, and the negative impact of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on the international climate, even giving rise to disagreement among NATO members.
February 15, 1983
Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Tornetta to Minster of Foreign Affairs Colombo, 'Perspectives about Atlantic defense for the 1980s'
Italy's pemanent representative to NATO, Vincenzo Tornetta, reports to foreign minister Colombo about the prospects of NATO's 1980s defence strategy. He offers an overview of the developments of the Alliance, and discusses topical questions including euromissiles and anti-war movements in Europe, and calls for increased openness and willingness to negotiate with the East.
December 05, 1983
Telegram by Ambassador Rinaldo Petrignani, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'
Italian Ambassador to Washington, Rinaldo Petrignani, volunteers his views on the interruption of the INF negotiations, and their possible relaunch. He states that Italy's firm and coherent position vis-à-vis the missile debate has improved its standing internationally, and highlights the crucial importance of maintaining strong transatlantic relations.
December 08, 1983
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Notes for the discussion: East-West relations'
This report is part of a wide documentation prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the meeting of the Atlantic Council in Brussels in December 1983. A central theme is the installation of the INF in Western Europe and the consequent interruption of the INF treaty negotiations in Geneva by the USSR.
December 08, 1983
Note by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Ministerial session of the Atlantic Council - State of the Alliance'
These notes from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs analyze the current state of the alliance. The document offers an overview of recent positive and negative developments , focusing on the issue of restarting the INF negotiations.
March 01, 1984
Telegram by the Ambassador to the United States Petrignani to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'
Ambassador Petrignani reports his conversation with Vice Secretary of State Burt following Kissinger's interview in Time where he talks about NATO's crisis and need for burden sharing reform. Burt distances the current administration from Kissinger's views, stating instead that euro-american relations are "in good health", and there is no need for drastic measures.
May 23, 1984
Report by Ambassador Petrignani to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti
Ambassador Petrignani analyses US economic and foreign policy in light of the upcoming presidential election . He predicts a narrow victory for Reagan, and discusses its potential implications on future foreign policy.