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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Iran's Tudeh Party

Iran’s Tudeh Party is a collection of documents regarding the “People’s Party of Iran” or “Party of Masses,” Iran’s largest Communist party. The documents were collected from the Russian State Archive of Contemporary History (RGANI) and the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History (RGASPI), as well as the Stasi Records Agency (BStU) in Germany. The records concern communist and anti-communist activities in Iran during the 1970s and 1980s, as well as Iranian activities in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Soviet Union. Aside from the Tudeh Party, the documents also encompass subjects such as the Iran hostage crisis and the role of Islam in Iran.

  • 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request from Radmanesh Regarding Persecution of People's Party of Iran by Iranian Authorities

    In this letter, Radmanesh requests that the CPSU CC help save the members of the NPI CC that have been sentenced to execution by Iran's military courts. He also asks permission to send Iraj Iskanderi and Ehsan Tabari to Prague to help protest these executions.

  • January 14, 1955

    Letter, Soviet Charge d' Affaires in Iran to the Deputy Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Account and Translations of the Illegal Publications of the People's Party of Iran'

    This note describes the contents of the enclosed information, including a summary of various articles published in the newspaper "Mardom" and correspondence between the Central Committee of the People's Party of Iran to the Central Committee of the National Resistance Movement. Mardom was a newspaper published by the underground communist Tudeh (People's) Party of Iran.

  • January 30, 1955

    Letter to Cde. Khrushchev in the CC from Political Émigré, an Iranian, Ali Reza Hekmat.

    This letter from an Iranian political emigre Ali Reza Hekmat describes the series of events, such as prison and confinement sentences, that have led him to the point of asking Khrushchev for help in finding the work he had been promised upon coming to the USSR. He lists his qualifications and reasoning for his request.

  • February 15, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request for Material Aid to Amirkhizi of the People's Party of Iran

    This note requests the CPSU Central Committee to give 1800 rubles a month to Amirkhizi, a member of the CC of the People's Party of Iran, until permanent work is found for him. Handwritten note at the bottom of the page confirms he received assistance.

  • March 26, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request to Give Hekmat Assistance in Finding Work

    The letter is a request from Iranian political émigré Hekmat to the CPSU CC to give him assistance in finding work in [his] field. Also includes a recommendation for Hemkat.

  • May 05, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, forwarding Request regarding Nushin

    This letter requested permission to allow People's Party of Iran CC member Nushin to enter the Higher Courses of the Gor'ky Literature Institute.

  • May 05, 1955

    Letter, Ali Reza ekmat to CPSU Central Committee Secretary Khrushchev, via Ram, General Secretary of the People's Party of Iran

    This letter from Ali Reza Hekmat requests housing and work in Moscow due to the fact that the agreed upon arrangements for his living and working in Tashkent did not come to fruition and worsened his health.

  • May 17, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request from Radmanesh for Khatibi

    This letter describes Radmanesh's request to have the CPSU give monthly monetary aid to People's Party of Iran member Khatibi.

  • May 21, 1955

    Letter, A. Obydennov to the CPSU Central Committee

    This informational note focuses on the Hekmat's past, including his education, careers, and imprisonment.

  • June 11, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, forwarding Mitronov's Request for Diba

    This letter concerns a request made to supply Diba, student at the Higher Party School, with 10,000 rubles to furnish his apartment.

  • June 11, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request from Radmanesh for Iskanderi

    This letter requests the permission to supply People's Party of Iran Central Committee member Iraj Iskaneri with residence and work in the USSR, as well as permission for his family's arrival, a place for them to stay, and financial support.

  • June 11, 1955

    Letter, Reza Radmanesh to the CPSU Central Committee

    In this letter Radmanesh requests that People's Party of Iran Central Committee member Iraj Iskanderi be transferred from Budapest to Moscow along with his family, and that they may be provided with housing and financial assistance.

  • June 16, 1955

    Letter, B. Ponomarev and I. Kozlov to the CPSU Central Committee

    This letter requests to give Amirkhizi financial aid in addition to his salary at the Pushkin Museum of Graphic Arts.

  • June 21, 1955

    Letter, I. Vinogradov and I. Kozlov to the CPSU Central Committee

    This letter requests help finding work and housing for Iranian political émigré A.R. Hemkat in Moscow after he returned dissatisfied from his post in Tashkent.

  • June 24, 1955

    Letter, I. Vinogradov and A. Smirnov to the CPSU Central Committee

    This letter states that it will be possible to grant Iraj Iskanderi residence in Moscow, as well as helping with the arrival of his family and providing them with housing and financial support.

  • July 25, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request to Recall Ali Javahari

    This letter recommends the recall of Javahari because of his supposedly careless work with Iranian political emigrants that risks repression from the Austrian government. Also included is a response to the Soviet Ambassador saying that the reasons listed are not sufficient enough for a recall of Javahari.

  • September, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request from Radmanesh for Mozafari

    Radmanesh explains that because Mozafari lost an arm while carrying out a Party assignment, he should be allowed 700 rubles as an allowance as opposed to the original 500.

  • September, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request from Radmanesh for Iskanderi

    Radmanesh asks that the CPSU CC furnish Iskander's apartment and provide his family with winter clothing.

  • September 05, 1955

    Letter, I. Vinogradov and I. Kozlov to the CPSU Central Committee

    This letter requests that Farhad Keshavarz, member of the CC People's Party of Iran, be admitted into the First Moscow Medical Institute without examinations.

  • September 16, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Translation of People's Party of Iran Article

    The enclosed article was sent to CPSU CC for potential use by the newspaper "For a Durable Peace, For a People's Democracy," and celebrates the third anniversary of the 30th of Tir 1331 when the Shah was overthrown.