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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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CIA Reports on the Collapse of Communism in Europe

This collection contains Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) analysis on developments in Eastern and Central Europe from 1989-1990. Made up mostly of the CIA's National Intelligence Dailys (NIDs), the documents discuss internal political change within Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia, as well as the Soviet Union's changing relations with and strategies towards these states. The documents were released to coincide with the conference "The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe: A 30-Year Legacy," co-organized by the History and Public Policy Program and the Central Intelligence Agency on December 10, 2019. Certain sensitive information has been withheld and is redacted in the documents. Other portions of documents are marked “NR record” or “non-responsive,” meaning that the information is unrelated to the events in Eastern Europe. For more information, see the CIA's Electronic Reading Room. See also the Digital Archive collection, "End of the Cold War."

  • June 26, 1989

    Hungary: Reformers Take Over Party Leadership

    An analysis of the Hungarian government's leaders and their movement toward political pluralism.

  • July 03, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Threatening Antidissident Campaign

    An analysis of Prague's efforts to crush dissent amidst the Party's growing unpopularity.

  • July 13, 1989

    Hungary: Tension with Orthodox Neighbors Growing

    An analysis of the political climate between Hungary, Romania, and Czechoslovakia.

  • July 25, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Polish Solidarity Increases Its Support to Opponents of Czechoslovak Regime

    An analysis of Solidarity's increased support to Czechoslovakia's opposition.

  • July 25, 1989

    Special Analysis: Czechoslovakia: Teetering between Old and New

    An analysis of the future of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia.

  • July 28, 1989

    USSR: Baltic Republics Move toward Economic Autonomy

    An analysis of reforms for economic autonomy in the Baltics.

  • July 29, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 29 July 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 29 July 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Honduras, Cambodia, the Soviet Union, China, Chile, Sri Lanka, India, and Panama.

  • July 31, 1989

    Special Analysis: USSR: Baltic Nationalists Press Ahead

    An analysis of further efforts to institutionalize republic sovereignty by Baltic states.

  • August 01, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 1 August 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 1 August 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Cuba, Poland, the Soviet Union, Iran, China, Kuwait, and Afghanistan.

  • August 04, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 4 August 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 4 August 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Iran, El Salvador, the Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Thailand, Somalia, Bolivia, Romania, the United States, and Israel.

  • August 09, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Wednesday, 9 August 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 9 August 1989 describes the latest developments in Iran, Lebanon, the Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Poland, Suriname, South Korea, and East Germany.

  • August 10, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 10 August 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 10 August 1989 describes the latest developments in Israel, Lebanon, Iran, Panama, the Soviet Union, China, Thailand, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, South Korea, and West Germany.

  • August 12, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 12 August 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 12 August 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Iran, Syria, Somalia, the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, South Africa, Ecuador, Namibia, and Cuba.

  • August 16, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Anniversary May Provoke Confrontations

    An analysis of the anniversary of the 1968 Soviet invasion and potential unrest in Czechoslovakia.

  • August 17, 1989

    Poland: Communists, Solidarity On Collision Course

    An analysis of Solidarity's efforts to form a new Polish government.

  • August 18, 1989

    Poland: Non-Communist Government to be Announced

    An analysis of President Jaruzelski's decision to create a new Polish government led by non-Communists.

  • August 19, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Regime Increasingly Fearful

    An analysis of the Czechoslovak regime's fear of an uprising and decision to crush demonstrations.

  • August 19, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Warsaw Pact Countries Reassess the 1968 Invasion

    An analysis of statements from Warsaw Pact countries about the 1968 Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia.

  • August 19, 1989

    Poland: West European Reactions to Poland

    An analysis of Western Europe's perceptions of the situation in Poland.

  • August 19, 1989

    Poland: Situation Report

    An analysis of President Jaruzelski's decision to ask Mazowiecki to form a Solidarity-led government.