Search in
ADD SEARCH FILTER CANCEL SEARCH FILTER

Digital Archive International History Declassified

No image found.

CIA Reports on the Collapse of Communism in Europe

This collection contains Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) analysis on developments in Eastern and Central Europe from 1989-1990. Made up mostly of the CIA's National Intelligence Dailys (NIDs), the documents discuss internal political change within Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia, as well as the Soviet Union's changing relations with and strategies towards these states. The documents were released to coincide with the conference "The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe: A 30-Year Legacy," co-organized by the History and Public Policy Program and the Central Intelligence Agency on December 10, 2019. Certain sensitive information has been withheld and is redacted in the documents. Other portions of documents are marked “NR record” or “non-responsive,” meaning that the information is unrelated to the events in Eastern Europe. For more information, see the CIA's Electronic Reading Room. See also the Digital Archive collection, "End of the Cold War."

  • August 23, 1989

    East Germany: Leadership Concerns

    An analysis of diminishing faith in East Germany's leadership.

  • August 27, 1989

    Special Analysis: USSR: Balts to Mark 1939 Anniversary Tomorrow

    An analysis of planned demonstrations in the Baltics and Soviet efforts to dampen local support for opposition movements.

  • September 07, 1989

    Poland: New Government to be Announced

    An analysis of the new Polish government which confirms Solidarity's majority.

  • September 07, 1989

    Special Analysis: USSR: The Option of Force in the Baltics

    An analysis of the Soviet posture toward the Baltic's movements for greater autonomy.

  • September 07, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 7 September 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 7 September1989 describes the latest developments in the United States, Colombia, South Africa, Lebanon, Netherlands, Poland, Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union, Belize, Bolivia, Argentina, and Iran.

  • September 12, 1989

    East Germany: Emigration Raises Pressure

    An analysis of Hungary's pressure on East Germany to replace Honecker and tighten travel restrictions.

  • September 14, 1989

    USSR: Baltic Parties Pressing Ahead

    An analysis of the Baltic governments' actions despite Soviet Central Committee condemnation.

  • September 22, 1989

    East Germany: Prospects After Honecker

    An analysis of what a new East German government may look like.

  • September 23, 1989

    USSR: Challenges from Nationalist Reformers in the Ukraine

    An analysis of nationalist movements and potential reformist legislation in Ukraine.

  • September 23, 1989

    USSR: Succession in the Ukraine

    An analysis of Shcherbitskiy's ousting from the Ukrainian Politburo.

  • September 29, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 29 September 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 29 September 1989 describes the latest developments in China, Tunisia, the Soviet Union, Ecuador, Peru, Yugoslavia, Iraq, Philippines, Indonesia, Iran, and Brazil.

  • September 30, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 30 September 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 30 September 1989, describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union, Philippines, the United States, Greece, Hungary, El Salvador, Panama, Thailand, and Nicaragua.

  • October 06, 1989

    East Germany: Troubled 40th Anniversary

    An analysis of Gorbachev's forthcoming visit to East Germany amidst growing public dissent.

  • October 11, 1989

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'German Reunification: What Would Have to Happen?'

    The CIA’s memorandum published on 11 October 1989 brings up the German reunification as an international agenda and assesses its implications for the Soviet Union and the United States.

  • October 21, 1989

    East Germany: Opposition Group Prepares for Action

    An analysis of opposition movements in East Germany and their pressure on the government.

  • October 24, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 24 October 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 24 October 1989 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, Ethiopia, Lebanon, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, and Colombia.

  • October 27, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 27 October 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 27 October 1989 describes the latest developments in the German reunification.

  • October 27, 1989

    Special Analysis: The Germanys: Reunification -- What Would Have to Happen

    An analysis of what German unification would look like.

  • November 02, 1989

    Special Analysis: Hungary: Reorienting Security Policy

    An analysis of increased liberalization in Hungary and the country's membership to the Warsaw Pact.

  • November 03, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: National Front

    An analysis of Czechoslovakia's National Front organization which is composed of four, legal non-Communist political parties.