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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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CIA Reports on the Collapse of Communism in Europe

This collection contains Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) analysis on developments in Eastern and Central Europe from 1989-1990. Made up mostly of the CIA's National Intelligence Dailys (NIDs), the documents discuss internal political change within Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia, as well as the Soviet Union's changing relations with and strategies towards these states. The documents were released to coincide with the conference "The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe: A 30-Year Legacy," co-organized by the History and Public Policy Program and the Central Intelligence Agency on December 10, 2019. Certain sensitive information has been withheld and is redacted in the documents. Other portions of documents are marked “NR record” or “non-responsive,” meaning that the information is unrelated to the events in Eastern Europe. For more information, see the CIA's Electronic Reading Room. See also the Digital Archive collection, "End of the Cold War."

  • November 29, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Government Agrees to Share Power

    An analysis of the Czechoslovak regime's decision to respond to public demands and host free elections.

  • December 01, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 1 December 2019

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 1 December 1989 describes the latest developments in Eastern Europe, USSR, Taiwan, Italy, Iran and Bulgaria.

  • December 02, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Communist Party Falling Apart

    An analysis of the political climate in Czechoslovakia and its effects on the Communist Party.

  • December 02, 1989

    East Germany: Communist Party Loses its Legal Monopoly

    An analysis of the East German Communist Party, its loss of legal power, and forthcoming free elections.

  • December 02, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 2 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Saturday, 2 December 1989 describes the latest developments in Czechoslovakia, East Germany, USSR and South Korea.

  • December 04, 1989

    Bulgaria: Resurgence of Opposition Party

    An analysis of the Agrarian Party's emergence in direct opposition to the Communist Party.

  • December 04, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 4 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 4 December 1989 describes the latest developments in East Germany, Czechoslovakia, USSR, Bulgaria and Romania.

  • December 05, 1989

    East Germany: Fresh Opposition Support for Reunification

    An analysis of growing support for reunification and its role in the upcoming free elections.

  • December 05, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 5 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 5 December 1989 describes the latest developments in Philippines, East Germany, the Soviet Union, South Korea, Cambodia, Chile, Warsaw Pact, European Community, Czechoslovakia and Eastern Europe.

  • December 06, 1989

    USSR: Baltic Republics Gain Limited Economic Autonomy

    An analysis of the law adopted by the Supreme Soviet to give limited economic autonomy to the Baltic republics.

  • December 07, 1989

    East Germany: Political Vacuum in the Making

    An analysis of the unraveling of Communist rule in East Germany and the oppositions' efforts to establish an alternative

  • December 08, 1989

    East Germany: Who Controls the Guns?

    An analysis of the resignation of the National Defense Council.

  • December 08, 1989

    East Germany: Free Election Set Roundtable Shares Power

    An analysis of Communist and opposition leaders' decision to host free elections.

  • December 08, 1989

    USSR: Lithuanian Decision Will Reverberate Widely

    An analysis of the Lithuanian Supreme Soviet's decision to legalize a multiparty political system.

  • December 08, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 8 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 8 December 1989 describes the latest developments in USSR, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, West Germany, France, Hong Kong, Comoros and El Salvador.

  • December 09, 1989

    Bulgaria: Hardliners Purged at Snap Plenum

    An analysis of General Secretary Petur Mladenov's removal of two hardliners from their leadership roles.

  • December 09, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Civic Forum a Growing Political Power

    An analysis of the Civic Forum's efforts to fill the political power vacuum in Czechoslovakia.

  • December 09, 1989

    Special Analysis: Yugoslavia: Sinking Deeper into Political Quagmire

    An analysis of the political climate in Yugoslavia and its effects on national leadership.

  • December 09, 1989

    Yugoslavia: Weak Economy Aggravating Regional Disputes

    An analysis of Yugoslavia's economic deterioration and ethnic conflicts.

  • December 12, 1989

    Bulgaria: Looking to Free Elections in Six Months

    An analysis of Bulgarian Party leadership in light of increasing public demands and its decision to host free elections.