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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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CIA Reports on the Collapse of Communism in Europe

This collection contains Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) analysis on developments in Eastern and Central Europe from 1989-1990. Made up mostly of the CIA's National Intelligence Dailys (NIDs), the documents discuss internal political change within Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia, as well as the Soviet Union's changing relations with and strategies towards these states. The documents were released to coincide with the conference "The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe: A 30-Year Legacy," co-organized by the History and Public Policy Program and the Central Intelligence Agency on December 10, 2019. Certain sensitive information has been withheld and is redacted in the documents. Other portions of documents are marked “NR record” or “non-responsive,” meaning that the information is unrelated to the events in Eastern Europe. For more information, see the CIA's Electronic Reading Room. See also the Digital Archive collection, "End of the Cold War."

  • December 12, 1989

    Special Analysis: Eastern Europe: Long Road Ahead to Economic Well-Being

    An analysis of economic mismanagement and its effects on the economic future of the region.

  • December 12, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 12 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 12 December 1989 describes the latest developments in USSR, Bulgaria, East Germany, Western Europe and Eastern Europe.

  • December 14, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 14 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Thursday, 14 December 1989 describes the latest developments in China, Poland, Western Europe, India, Bulgaria and USSR.

  • December 15, 1989

    Bulgaria: Protests Accelerating Reform

    An analysis of the escalation of public demonstrations in light of the National Assembly's delays for reforms.An analysis of the escalation of public demonstrations in light of the National Assembly's delays for reforms.

  • December 15, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Contesting How to Pick a President

    An analysis of Czechoslovakia's political structure and its work to decide on how to elect its president.

  • December 15, 1989

    Germanys: Party Links Multiplying

    An analysis of the rapidly expanding political and economic ties between East and West Germany.

  • December 15, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 15 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 15 December 1989 describes the latest developments in Germany, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, USSR, East Germany, South Africa, Yugoslavia, Argentina and France.

  • December 16, 1989

    Bulgaria: Talks with Opposition Announced

    An analysis of Communist leaders' decision to host roundtable talks with dissident groups.

  • December 16, 1989

    USSR: Nationalists Gain in Latvian Elections

    An analysis of Popular Front success in Latvian elections.

  • December 19, 1989

    Romania: Antiregime Protests

    An analysis of the Timisoara and Arad protests and their effect on Ceausescu's rule.

  • December 19, 1989

    Romania: Hungarians Outraged, Soviets Quiet So Far

    An analysis of the Hungarian National Assembly's condemnation of Romania's efforts to crush dissent.An analysis of the Hungarian National Assembly's condemnation of Romania's efforts to crush dissent.

  • December 19, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 19 December 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 19 December 1989 describes the latest developments in USSR, Western Europe, Taiwan and the UK.

  • December 20, 1989

    Romania: Unrest Spreading

    An analysis of escalating demonstrations in Romania and their threat to Ceausescu's rule.

  • December 21, 1989

    Romania: Ceausescu Faces the Nation

    An analysis of Ceausescu's public recognition of the demonstrations.

  • December 21, 1989

    USSR: Lithuanian Party Declares Independence

    An analysis of the Lithuanian Party's declaration of independence from the Soviet Communist Party.An analysis of the Lithuanian Party's declaration of independence from the Soviet Communist Party.

  • December 22, 1989

    East Germany: Modrow Against the Tide

    An analysis of Premier Modrow's efforts to rally support for the continued independence of East Germany.

  • December 22, 1989

    Romania: Situation Report

    An analysis of the deterioration of Ceausescu's regime in Romania and its effects on stability.

  • December 23, 1989

    Romania: Situation Report

    An analysis of the National Salvation Front and their decisions to reform Romania.

  • December 28, 1989

    Albania: Resisting the Dominoes

    An analysis of the Albanian leadership's efforts to stem an upheaval like that in Romania.

  • December 28, 1989

    Romania: Ceausescu-Era Remnants Turning Up in and Around New Government

    An analysis of Ceausescu hardliners and their efforts to integrate themselves with the National Salvation Front.