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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Geneva Conference of 1954

The Geneva Conference of 1954 was an international meeting in Switzerland involving the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, China and the Viet Minh. The powers involved attempted to negotiate a settlement to end the conflict in Indochina and re-unify Vietnam. The conference also dealt unsuccessful with the problem of divided Korea. See also the First Indochinese War and the Vietnam War. (Image, Geneva Conference negotiations, US Army Photograph)

  • June 22, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Others, Regarding Talks with Eden

    Zhou reports on a meeting with Eden. In this meeting the two discuss the proposals on Laos and Cambodia. They also agree that the foreign ministers return to the conference regularly to see that their military representatives are productive.

  • June 22, 1954

    Minutes, Zhou Enlai’s Meeting with Jean Chauvel

    Chauvel confirms a meeting for Zhou with the French Prime Minister, and suggests that both countries announce the meeting at the same time to thwart distorted media coverage of the two countries. The two agree that the conference must continue. Also, Chauvel hands Zhou a proposal for a special committee to decide the composition of the supervisory committee.

  • June 23, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and CCP Central Committee, 'Arriving in Nanning on the 29th'

    Zhou informs the CCP of both his and Sheng Jian's arrival dates.

  • June 23, 1954

    Telegram, CCP Central Committee to Zhou Enlai

    The CCP informs Enlai of when Luo Guibo and Xie Fang will arrive in Nanning.

  • June 23, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Others, Regarding the Situation at the Meeting with Sananikone

    Laotian Foreign Minister Sananikone explains to Zhou the wants and intentions of the Laos delegation.

  • June 23, 1954

    Record of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Pierre Mendès-France

    Mendes-France and Zhou discuss the Indochina issue during their first meeting together. Both men feel they are in agreement with each other regarding several points (establishing a cease-fire before discussing political issues, that no US military bases should be established in Indochina, elections in Cambodia and Laos, cooperation between France and Vietnam and between the two sides in Vietnam). They end on a positive note, both certain that their few differences of opinion will be worked out.

  • June 24, 1954

    Telegram, Li Kenong to the PLA General Staff and PRC Foreign Ministry, Regarding the Trip by Hoang Van Hoan and his Six-Person Group

    Li Kenong requests a special plane for Hoang Van Hoan folks' arrival in Beijing.

  • June 24, 1954

    Telegram, Li Kenong to the PRC Foreign Ministry

    Instructions are given for the three bags of top secret documents accompanying Comrade Ke Bainian to China.

  • June 24, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Regarding the banquet with the Laotian and Cambodian delegations and Pham Van Dong

    In this telegram Zhou Enlai gives an account of the banquet he hosted with the Laotian and Cambodian delegations and Pham Van Dong. Enlai says it was a successful gathering that significantly changed the attitudes of the Cambodian and Laotian delegations.

  • June 25, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Embassy in the Soviet Union to the Foreign Ministry, 'Preparing a Plane for Delivering Documents to Nanning'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry is given instructions for the timely delivery of documents.

  • June 25, 1954

    Telegram, Wang Bingnan to PRC Foreign Ministry Administrative Office

    Telegrams from Geneva should be given to Premier Zhou. Telegrams from Geneva to ambassador to the USSR will be conveyed by the Ministry.

  • June 26, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Li Kenong, Concerning Hoang Van Hoan’s Arrival in Beijing

    Notification that Hoang Van Hoan arrived in Beijing.

  • June 26, 1954

    Cable from Li Kenong, 'Concerning the Content of a Meeting between the Soviet, Chinese, and Vietnamese Delegations'

    The Chinese, Vietnamese, and Soviet delegations meet to discuss the division of zones in Indochina.

  • June 27, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry Administrative Office to Li Kenong, 3:00 p.m.

    Notification that the three bags of documents carried by Comrade Shan Daxin have arrived and will be delivered to the proper recipients.

  • June 27, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Li Kenong

    Zhou Enlai send a telegram informing the Chinese leadership that he will stay one day longer in Burma.

  • June 28, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Department of Military Operations Director Zhang Zhen to PRC Military Advisor to the PRC Geneva Conference Delegation Lei Yingfu

    Top secret documents were received.

  • June 29, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Zhou Enlai

    Zhou is informed that the top secret documents are on its way to him.

  • June 29, 1954

    Telegram, Li Kenong to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and the Central Committee, 'Briefing on the Meeting by the Chinese, Soviet and Vietnamese Delegations'

    Li Kenong reports on his usual meeting between the Chinese, Soviet, and Vietnamese delegations. Kuznetsov says the French think the Vietnamese are too demanding. Also, the Vietnamese request more discussion on economic issues and less of zone division.

  • July 02, 1954

    Telegram, PRC Foreign Ministry to Zhang Wentian, Wang Jiaxiang, and Li Kenong

    Zhou will arrive at 12:00 for the meeting.

  • July 03, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and the CCP Central Committee, 'A Brief Report on the Meetings at Liuzhou'

    During this first meeting in Liuzhou, the Comrade Vo makes a comprehensive presentation. Later, Zhou will give a report on the Geneva Conference and the international situation.