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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Long Live Mao Zedong Thought (1968)

 At the beginning of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), Wang Chaoxing, an instructor in the Philosophy Department at Wuhan University, compiled hundreds of Mao’s speeches and writings that covered the Communist Party Chairman’s life up to 1968. The Second Steel Division, a rebel Red Guard faction based at the university, subsequently obtained and printed the documents for internal circulation in May 1968. The publication was comprised of five volumes, nearly 1600 pages in length, and titled Mao Zedong sixiang wanui (Long Live Mao Zedong Thought). This collection features 90 documents related to foreign affairs from the full edition. Fifty-eight reports record conversations that Mao held with non-Chinese individuals after 1949, while another twenty-nine documents are speeches, letters, and commentaries that he wrote. Finally, the collection also includes two letters and one order that the PRC Minister of Defense, Marshal Peng Dehuai, issued during the Taiwan Strait Crisis of 1958. The full texts for this edition of Long Live Mao Zedong Thought are available online through the Marxists Internet Archive, as well as in print from the Service Center for Chinese Publications (Los Angeles). (Image: Richard Nixon Library, White House Photo Office Collection (Nixon Administration), 1/20/1969 - 8/9/1974, Nixon White House Photographs, 1/20/1969 - 8/9/1974, National Archives Identifier #40508644.)

  • December 21, 1949

    Congratulatory Remarks [Delivered at] the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow

    Mao attends Stalin’s 70th birthday celebration, offering praise for his leadership of the socialist and internationalist movements.

  • October, 1950

    Four Principles for Unity Between the Chinese People's Volunteer Army and the [North] Korean People

    Mao instructs soldiers in the Chinese People's Volunteer Army to support Kim Il Sung and abide by North Korean policies while they help defend the North Korean people from the United States.

  • October 08, 1951

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with the Tibetan Tribute Mission

    Mao promises that the CCP will protect religious freedom and assist with development in Tibet.

  • March 09, 1953

    Mao Zedong, 'The Greatest Friendship'

    After the death of Stalin, Mao honors his legacy and achievements.

  • September 20, 1953

    Congratulatory Message [from Mao Zedong] to the Chinese People's Volunteer Army

    Following the signing of the Korean War Armistice, Mao writes to congratulate the soldiers of the Chinese People's Volunteers.

  • September 13, 1954

    [Mao Zedong's] Reply After Receiving the Credentials of Albania's Ambassador [to China]

    Mao welcomes the first Ambassador from Albania to the People's Republic of China and celebrates the bonds between their two countries.

  • 1956

    Mao Zedong, 'On the Problem of Stalin'

    Mao discusses Stalin in excerpts from "The Origin and Development of the Differences between the Leadership of the CPSU and Ourselves."

  • April 21, 1956

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with a Delegation of Journalists from Yugoslavia (Excerpt)

    In a meeting with journalists from Yugoslavia, Mao compares the atomic bomb to other weapons used throughout history and argues that the atomic bomb would kill fewer people. Finally, he notes that conflicts between good and bad people will always exist.

  • July 14, 1956

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Former President Árbenz of Guatemala and His Wife [Mrs. Árbenz]

    Mao and Jacobo Árbenz discuss continued efforts to wage revolution in Guatemala. Topics that they touch on include: Guatemala's relations with her neighbors, Sino-Guatemalan friendship, and their common opposition to the "paper tiger" of American imperialism.

  • November 16, 1957

    [Mao Zedong's] Remarks at Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties from Socialist Countries in Moscow

    Mao praises the results of an international meeting that 64 different Communist and Workers Parties attended in 1957.

  • November 17, 1957

    [Mao Zedong's] Speech to All Chinese Students, Interns, and Embassy Officials in Moscow (Excerpt)

    While in Moscow, Mao speaks to Chinese living, studying, and working in the Soviet Union.

  • November 18, 1957

    [Mao Zedong's] Remarks at Meeting for Representatives of Communist and Workers' Parties in Moscow

    Mao discusses ways that socialism is overwhelming capitalism and describes the reactionaries of the world as "paper tigers." He urges his fellow socialists to take their enemies seriously and to wipe them out one by one.

  • May 04, 1958

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Members of a Military Delegation from the United Arab Republic (Excerpt)

    Mao expresses support for the United Arab Republic (1958-1971) and their anti-colonialist struggle.

  • May 16, 1958

    [Mao Zedong's] Comments on Song XX's Report about Problems Related to Soviet Experts

    Mao reminds the Chinese communists to respect the Soviet experts, who are visiting their country, as comrades and brothers.

  • May 17, 1958

    Remarks at the Second Meeting of the Eighth National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party

    Mao contrasts the unity that exists between socialist countries with the troubles of capitalist and imperialist countries like the United States.

  • June, 1958

    [Mao Zedong's] Directive Regarding the Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs

    Mao calls for China to develop nuclear weapons within ten years.

  • August 15, 1958

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Sihanouk (Excerpt)

    Mao shares his views on education.

  • September 02, 1958

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with Brazilian Journalists, Murilo Marroquin de Souza and Mme. [Maria da Graca] Dutra

    Mao shares his views on education with journalists from Brazil.

  • October 06, 1958

    Letter from the [PRC] Minister of Defense [Peng Dehuai] to Taiwanese Compatriots

    During the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, the PRC Minister of Defense urges the Nationalists to negotiate with the CCP, arguing that the Americans will eventually abandon them.

  • October 13, 1958

    Orders from [PRC] Minister of Defense [Peng Dehuai] to Halt the Bombardment of Kinmen for Another Two Weeks

    The PRC Minister of Defense writes to members of the People's Liberation Army in Fujian province during the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis, calling for them to stop shelling Kinmen and observe the situation. He argues that the United States should not interfere in China's Civil War.