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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Ben Sanders Papers

This collection features materials from the private papers of Benjamin Sanders, a former Dutch diplomat and United Nations official, concerning the Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN). The PPNN was founded in 1986 by Ben Sanders and John Simpson to educate diplomats expected to take part in the 1995 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review and Extension Conference. The PPNN ceased to exist in 2002. The collection includes the correspondences of Ben Sanders, the minutes of PPNN meetings and workshops, and copies of the PPNN Newsbrief. For further information, see the introduction by Michal Onderco on the Sources & Methods blog "The Ben Sanders Collection." (Photo: Members of Core Group 12 at the A-Bomb Dome, Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, Japan, 1992. Courtesy of University of Southampton Special Collections.)

  • September 29, 1986

    Letter, Ben Sanders to John Simpson

    Ben Sanders sends John Simpson edits on the language of select clauses of the Executive Summary for the Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation (PPNN).

  • December 10, 1986

    Letter, John Simpson to Ben Sanders

    John Simpson responds to Ben Sanders on the edits, adding budget adjustments and attaches the revised language of the Executive Summary for the PPNN.

  • January 27, 1987

    Letter, Ben Sanders to Mohamed Shaker

    Request to Mohamed Shaker, Egyptian Ambassador to Austria, to participate in the PPNN now that funding has been secured.

  • February 09, 1987

    Letter, Jayantha Dhanapala to Ben Sanders

    Acceptance of participation in the PPNN by Jayantha Dhanapala, Sri Lankan amabassador to Switzerland, and compliments on the draft of the PPNN proposal.

  • April 14, 1987

    Letter, Ben Sanders to Members of the PPNN

    Description of the PPNN program in preparation for the first meeting. Letter sent to Mohamed Shaker, Jozef Goldblat, Jorge Pando, Roland Timerbaev, Jayantha Dhanapala, Joseph Nye, Warren Donnelly, Ryukichi Imai, David Fischer, Harald Muller, Ian Smart, Walter Rehak, and Lawrence Scheinman.

  • June 12, 1987

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation: Opening Remarks to the First Meeting of the Core Group, Jersey, 12 June 1987

    Written version of an oral address given upon the first meeting of the PPNN Core Group.

  • June 12, 1987

    First Meeting of PPNN Core Group, 12-14th June 1987

    Outline and minutes from the first meeting of the PPNN Core Group, including list of participants, agenda, purpose, activities and structure.

  • October, 1987

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief 1, Outline

    Outlines plans to update members on activities of the group, report on NGOs in related areas as well as proliferation and nonproliferation activities around the world.

  • November 18, 1987

    Discussion Paper: PPNN Core Group Meetings and Conferences

    Outlines timing and schedule of future conferences as well as topics of discussion by conferences

  • November 24, 1987

    Second Meeting of PPNN Core Group, 19-22nd November 1987

    Summarizes the events of the second PPNN meeting in Charlottesville, Virginia, and lists participants and agenda

  • January, 1988

    Progamme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation: Composition of the Core Group

    List of names of the core group of the PPNN.

  • March, 1988

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 1

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • May 05, 1988

    The Role of the [PPNN] Core Group at the Fourth Review Conference

    Summarizes key questions for how interventionist and active the role of the PPNN will be at the upcoming fourth review conference in 1990.

  • May 05, 1988

    Third Meeting of PPNN Core Group, 5-8th May 1988

    Summarizes the events and issues of the third PPNN meeting in Guernsey, UK.

  • July, 1988

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 2

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • August 10, 1988

    A Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation: An International Project to Strengthen the Barriers against Nuclear Proliferation

    Full draft summary of proposal for the Program for Promoting Nuclear Nonproliferation.

  • November, 1988

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 3

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • January, 1989

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 4

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • April, 1989

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 5

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • May, 1989

    Core Group Teams and Coverage of Topics: Guernsey PPNN Conference, May 1989

    Breaks down meeting fora by topic including suggested presentations for the planned meeting.