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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Cuban Foreign Relations

 Documents on Cuban's international relations, focusing on its relationship with the Soviet Union, China and the United States. See also the Cuban Missile Crisis. (Image, Zhou Enlai and Che, 1965)

  • August, 1961

    Note on Extending an Invitation to Escalante to Visit Bulgaria

    Dimo Dichev, Head of Foreign Policy and International Relations Department for the Bulgarian Communist Party's Central Committee, suggests inviting Cuban Communist leader Anibal Escalante to visit Bulgaria.

  • August 04, 1961

    Secret Agreement Between Cuba and the USSR Regarding Exchange of Special Materials

    Agreement between the Republic of Cuba and the USSR regarding a provision of special materials to Cuba and payment for these materials. Also attached are two lists enumerating supplies given to Cuba by the USSR.

  • August 09, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Minister of Industry of the Republic of Cuba Ernesto Guevara, 26 July 1961'

    At a reception in honor of Yuri Gagarin's stay in Cuba, Kudryavstev and Guevara discuss Cuba's goals for the upcoming OAS economic conference in Montevideo.

  • August 09, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 18 June 1961'

    Kudryavtsev and Fidel Castro discuss several points of business, including Kennedy and Krushchev's conversation at their Vienna meeting, the US invasion of Cuba, Yuri Gagarin's trip to Cuba, and the visit of two Cuban Majors to the Soviet Ministry of Defense.

  • August 19, 1961

    Telegram from the Brazilian Secretary of State for External Relations (Afonso Arinos) for the Cabinet in Brasilia, 19 August 1961, describing conversation between Ernesto “Che” Guevara and Richard Goodwin, Montevideo, Uruguay, 18 August 1961

    A telegram from the Brazilian Secretary of State for External Relations (Afonso Arinos) describing a conversation between Ernesto “Che” Guevara and Richard Goodwin in Montevideo, Uruguay. At this meeting, Mister Guevara and Mister Goodwin, speaking as “enemies”, made a general appreciation of Cuban-American relations. Affirming that Cuba today definitely was of the sphere of influence of the United States. They also discuss Cuba's economic situation.

  • August 22, 1961

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana, Report on Secret US Documents

    Chargé d’ affaires ad interim Miklós Vass reports on secret US State Department documents that Cuban Minister of Industry Ernesto “Che” Guevara acquired. The documents reveal US principles on Venezuelan economic policy and US positions on Latin American states and Latin American public opinion on Cuba. Vass advises that the secret documents be translated officially into Hungarian and sent to Hungarian embassies throughout Latin America. The document included three enclosures; Vass references two secret documents repeatedly.

  • August 28, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 4 August 1961'

    Kudryavtsev informs Fidel Castro of the results of the Yugoslav State Secretary for Foreign Affairs' visit in Moscow.

  • August 28, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 10 August 1961'

    Fidel Castro discusses the success of the economic conference of OAS member states in Montevideo. He suggests that US attempts to diplomatically isolate Cuba in the OAS have failed.

  • September 09, 1961

    From the Journal of N.A. Belous, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 9 September 1961'

    Belous informs Castro that the USSR Ministry of Defense has agreed to host members of the Cuban government as its guests in September 1961.

  • September 28, 1961

    Memorandum of Conversation between Mao Zedong and Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos

    A conversation about the situation in Brazil. Cuba's diplomatic relations to other countries around the world are also discussed, especially as they relate to the recent U.S. blockade of Cuba.

  • September 30, 1961

    Agreement and Lists to the Secret Agreement Between Cuba and the USSR

    An agreement between Cuba and the USSR on the provision of special materials to Cuba and payment for these materials. Three annexes are included. Annex I: lists war materials provided by the USSR in 1961-2. 1/3 of the value paid. Annex II: lists materials in 1962-63. 2/3 of the value paid. AnnexIII: lists materials in 1962-3. Total value paid.

  • October 02, 1961

    Memorandum of Conversation between Mao Zedong and Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos in Beijing

    A conversation about the situations in Venezuela and Peru in regards to their foreign relations with Cuba. Both countries also offer a comparison to the overall situation in both Latin and Central America.

  • November 01, 1961

    Information Memorandum of the Anti-Castro Cuban Émigré Forces (Mexico)

    An informational memorandum regarding a report received from Guatemala describing the details of the next "imminent" invasion of Cuba (similar to the Bay of Pigs) and the mobilization of counter-revolutionary forces.

  • November 23, 1961

    Note on Cuban Children's Visit to Bulgaria

    Konstantin Tellalov, Deputy Head of the Foreign Policy and International Relations Department of the Bulgarian Communist Party's Central Committee, reports on a visit of Cuban children to Bulgaria.

  • November 23, 1961

    From the Journal of N.A. Belous, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 6-7 October 1961'

    Fidel Castro discusses the extent of internal counterrevolution in Cuba, which he suggests is driven by American pressures in Latin America.

  • December, 1961

    Memorandum Regarding the Plan of Insurrection for the First Period of 1962

    Intervention of Fidel Castro concerning the plan of insurrection of the Revolutionary Armed Forces for the first period of 1962.

  • December 02, 1961

    Top Secret Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Resolution on Arms Delivery to Cuba

    In a report to First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party, Todor Zhivkov, the Minister of Foreign Trade, Georgi Kumbiliev, reviews Cuba’s need for weapons and credit. Kumbiliev relays a weapons request for Latin American revolutionary movements and an extension of financial assistance to Cuba. Kumbiliev advises Zhivkov to respond to the Cuban government’s requests and consider providing surplus Bulgarian weapons free of charge and extending a 5-year-term loan to Cuba starting 1 Jan 1963.

  • December 14, 1961

    Polish Notes from Miami Regarding Situation in Cuba

    Notes on news stories collected from various Spanish-language newspapers in Miami. Topics cover the growing tension between Cuba and the US, efforts to recruit Cubans to US army, skepticism over whether the US could have any influence over Castro's revolution, and worries that US military involvement in Cuba could escalate into another big war.

  • December 18, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Minister of Industry of Cuba Ernesto Guevara, 8 December 1961'

    Guevara discusses the state of the Cuban economy and the upcoming OAS conference of ministers of foreign affairs, particularly the US-led plan to diplomatically isolate Cuba within the OAS.

  • December 20, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba Fidel Castro Ruz, 27 November 1961'

    Castro discusses his thoughts on Kennedy's increased interest in the Organization of American States and suggests that the US is developing plans to intervene in Cuba via its allies in the OAS. He argues that any US intervention will be me with increased Latin American resistance.