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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Vietnam War

 Documents on the Vietnam War. These telegrams, minutes, and discussion notes range from the mid-1950s to the end of the 1970s, and most come from Chinese and Albanian archives. There are many documents from Albania archives on Vietnam-Albanian relations. The collection also includes several Chinese telegrams and memorandums on foreign and economic relations with Indochina, as well as discussions with Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong. See also the Indochinese War and the 1954 Geneva Conference. (Image, American POW, 1973, US Department of Defense, DDST9904270)

  • June 03, 1965

    Note by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on a Conversation of Comrade Jarck with the Attache of the Czechoslovak Embassy, Comrade Freybort, on 2 June 1965, from 10:00 a.m. to 10:30 a.m., in the East German Embassy [Excerpts]

    Conversation at the East German Embassy in Hanoi, where a Comrade Freybort speaks of the difficulties involved with organizing trilateral talks between the China, Vietnam, and the USSR. It is also mentioned that China criticized Vietnam for building diplomatic relations with the USSR, which China sees as an alliance with modern revisionists.

  • June 04, 1965

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere

    Zhou Enlai sees the current US involvement in the Congo as a serious situation, but, on a worldwide scale, Vietnam is much more serious.

  • June 08, 1965

    Oral Statement by the Head of the Department for the USSR and for the Countries of Eastern Europe of MFA PRC, Yu Zhan, Transmitted to the Embassy on 8 June 1965

    A Chinese response to a statement from the Soviet Union, arguing that the Soviets look only to extend their influence over Vietnam, and not to truly help it to defeat the United States. It points out several examples of Soviet aid to Vietnam, which China believes had ulterior motives.

  • June 09, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Activities of the Soviet Revisionists during the “Week of Solidarity with the People of Vietnam”'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow describes the "Week of Solidarity" in the Soviet Union, and claims that the Soviet support for Vietnam remains weak.

  • June 15, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou Enlai and Chairman Ho Chi Minh

    Zhou Enlai and Ho Chi Minh discuss preparations for the second Asian-African Conference and the potential participation of countries such as the Soviet Union, Malaysia, and India.

  • June 19, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'The Soviet Revisionists Continue to Play Both Sides on the Vietnam Issue'

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports how the Soviet Union, on the one hand, supports the activities of the Vietnamese but, on the other hand, is pushing for "peace talks."

  • June 25, 1965

    Summary of Premier Zhou’s Conversation with President Nasser

    Nasser and Zhou discuss the different reactions across Asia and Africa to the proposed postponement of the Second Asian-African Conference. Nasser also queries Zhou about developments in Vietnam.

  • July, 1965

    Unofficial Translation of a Letter of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee to the Socialist Unity Party Central Committee

    Letter from the Soviet Central Committee which breaks down and lists the aid given to the Vietnamese by the Soviet Union.

  • July 09, 1965

    Note on a Conversation with an Unnamed Representative of the International Department of the CPSU CC on the Situation in Vietnam [Excerpts]

    An unnamed Soviet official explains that Chinese officers and advisors in Vietnam are discouraging the use of Soviet weapons, despite the fact that they are the most modern and effective.

  • July 16, 1965

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Hoang Van Hoan

    Mao Zedong advises Hoang Van Hoan to escalate without hesitation, as the war has already begun to do so.

  • August 03, 1965

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Circular, 'Talks Between the Ghanaian Mission and the DRV'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reports on a visit by the President of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, to North Vietnam as part of a British commonwealth initiative to mediate peace talks between the US and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The DRV rejected the Ghana overture on the grounds that it was "designed in reality to bypass the Geneva Accords to get the United States and the DRV into direct talks while countries like Ghana help the United States by pressuring the DRV." The circular then gives instructions to the Chinese embassies on how to deal with questions about the mission.

  • August 12, 1965

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Circular, "Malraux’s visit to China"

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reports on a visit by the French Minister of State Andre Malraux to China. Malraux came in part to act as a peace broker for the United States and proposed a plan to Zhou Enlai to divide Vietnam. Zhou rejected the proposal.

  • August 12, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Zhou and Trần Văn Thanh, Chief, Delegation in China of National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam

    Zhou Enlai and Trần Văn Thanh discuss the war in South Vietnam, Singapore's departure from the Federation of Malaya, and prospects for the Second Asian-African Conference.

  • August 19, 1965

    Note by the East German Envoy to Moscow, Rossmeisl, on Talks with Unnamed Soviet Vietnam Specialists

    Unnamed Soviet specialists claim that the USSR's aid to Vietnam is worth 1 million rubles per day. They also argue that because of the amount of aid, the Chinese propaganda claiming a lack of Soviet aid is losing ground among the population in North Vietnam, although the rumor still persists in the South.

  • August 19, 1965

    Chinese Foreign Ministry Circular, "Vietnam 'Peace Talk' Activities"

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reports on overtures made by the United States toward initiating peace talks to end the Vietnam War. Many countries in such as Ghana, France, India and Yugoslavia are attempting to promote the talks, but China remains skeptical of these initiatives and opposed to opening talks.

  • August 20, 1965

    Zhou Enlai’s talk with E. H. K. Mudenda, Agricultural Minister of Zambia

    Zhou Enlai explains Chinese opposition to peace talks with the United States to end the Vietnam War.

  • August 20, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Kim and the Chinese Friendship Delegation

    Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Friendship Delegation discuss agriculture issues in China and North Korea, the war in Vietnam, and confrontation with the United States.

  • September 03, 1965

    Record of Premier Zhou Enlai’s Fourth Conversation with Guinea’s Minister of Posts and Communications Minister Diop

    Zhou Enlai and Alhassane Diop discuss prospects a second Asian-African Conference as well as Soviet policy toward the Vietnam War.

  • September 25, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'On the Transporting of North Korea's Construction Material Aid for Vietnam'

    China and North Korea arrange for North Korean aid to be shipped to North Vietnam through China.

  • September 26, 1965

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Supplement to the Cable of 25 September 1965'

    North Korea and China negotiate who will pay for the cost of shipping material aid to North Vietnam.