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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Vietnam War

 Documents on the Vietnam War. These telegrams, minutes, and discussion notes range from the mid-1950s to the end of the 1970s, and most come from Chinese and Albanian archives. There are many documents from Albania archives on Vietnam-Albanian relations. The collection also includes several Chinese telegrams and memorandums on foreign and economic relations with Indochina, as well as discussions with Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong. See also the Indochinese War and the 1954 Geneva Conference. (Image, American POW, 1973, US Department of Defense, DDST9904270)

  • May 07, 1968

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Chen Yi and Xuan Thuy

    Zhou Enlai draws on differences between the Korean War and the Vietnam War as a way to show the importance of strong negotiating tactics in Vietnam, he also asks Xuan Thuy to keep negotiations secret from the Soviets.

  • June 19, 1968

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Pham Hung

    Zhou Enlai discusses the role of China and Vietnam in the Cambodian revolution.

  • June 29, 1968

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Pham Hung

    China advises Vietnam against a weakened negotiating position with the United States; China also cautions against Soviet pressure to negotiate.

  • August 29, 1968

    Report Presented to the 15 Plenum of the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee

    Lengthy briefing for the Central Committee on the status of North Vietnamese diplomatic efforts during the first eight months of 1968 and future plans.

  • October 10, 1968

    Secret North Vietnam Politburo Cable No. 320

    The Vietnamese Politburo briefs COSVN (the communist command in South Vietnam) on domestic politics in the United States and the possible impact of the upcoming US election. Based on the US situation, the Politburo had decided to adjust their current negotiation strategy and seek an immediate agreement with the US to end the bombing of North Vietnam.

  • October 17, 1968

    Discussion between Chen Yi and Le Duc Tho

    Chen Yi criticizes Vietnam on past concessions to the US, which undermine China and the NLF; Chen Yi also criticizes Vietnam’s acceptance of Soviet proposals to negotiate.

  • October 20, 1968

    Secret North Vietnam Politburo Cable

    The Vietnamese Politburo updates COSVN (the communist command in South Vietnam) on the progress of plans for a four-party conference with the US.

  • October 29, 1968

    Telegram Number 5186/92, 'Chinese Foreign Policy'

    Relying on British assessments of the situation in China, the French Ambassador in London reports that Chinese foreign policy is the outcome of debates between anti-Soviets and anti-Americans within the CCP.

  • November 03, 1968

    The National Liberation Front's Five-Point Political Solution to the South Vietnam Question

    Excerpt from a declaration of the National Liberation Front on a political settlement of the South Vietnam question: The US had to withdraw from Vietnam and destroy their military bases in South Vietnam. South Vietnam's internal matters would be dealt with by the South Vietnamese and the reunification of Vietnam would be decided by the Vietnamese without foreign intervention. There would be a general election in South Vietnam. The new government in South Vietnam would adopt a neutral foreign policy: No military alliance, having cordial relation with all countries, establishing good neighbor relations with Cambodia and Laos.

  • November 17, 1968

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Pham Van Dong

    Mao Zedong advises Vietnam to use low US morale and new President Nixon to their advantage. Mao Zedong also withdraws unneeded Chinese troops, promising to return if needed.

  • December 12, 1968

    Secret North Vietnam Politburo Cable

    The Vietnamese Politburo updates COSVN (the communist command in South Vietnam) on the progress of plans for a four-party conference with the US. It discusses the upcoming inauguration of President Nixon and the Vietnamese negotiation strategy.

  • December 21, 1968

    Record of Conversation between N.G. Sudarikov and Pak Seong-cheol, a Member of the Political Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea

    Sudarikov informs Pak Seong-cheol that a delegation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, led by Pham Van Dong, visited China and the Soviet Union and asked for assistance in the Vietnam War.

  • January 24, 1969

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Indira Gandhi Meeting, Delhi

    The two leaders talk about Vietnam, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the situation in Europe.

  • February 21, 1969

    V.A. Zorin, Memorandum of Conversation with the head of the DRV delegation and the head of NLFSV delegation at the Paris negotiations

    Zorin, the USSR ambassador to France, summarizes a meeting in Paris in February 1969 with representatives of North Vietnam and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLFSV) to discuss the on-going peace negotiations with the United States. Xuan Thuy and the head of the NLFSV delegation Comrade Tran Buu Kiem

  • April 12, 1969

    Zhou Enlai and Kang Sheng’s comments to a COSVN Delegation

    Zhou Enlai discusses South Vietnam’s negotiation with the United States and the Middle East question.

  • April 20, 1969

    Zhou Enlai, Kang Sheng, Pham Van Dong, Hoang Van Thai and Pham Hung address the COSVN delegation

    Zhou Enlai acknowledges that Nixon has recognized Cambodia and sees the problems connected. Zhou Enlai warns the Vietnamese about being deceived by Soviet revisionists during negotiations with the US. Kang Sheng criticizes the number of Vietnamese being sent abroad to study.

  • April 29, 1969

    Discussion between Li Xiannian and Le Duc Tho

    Li Xiannian advises South Vietnam toward a total victory and regards negotiation as of secondary importance.

  • May 08, 1969

    The Complete Ten-Point Solution of the National Liberation Front Regarding a Political Solution to the South Vietnam Question

    Announcement of the National Liberation Front's delegate at the 16th session of the Paris Conference: The Americans had to unconditionally withdraw their amy, military personnel, weapons, etc. and destroy their bases in Vietnam. The South Vietnamese would choose their political system through a general election without foreign intervention. In the meantime, a provisional government including members of all political groups would be formed. The North and the South would then reestablish normal relations and negotiate reunification peacefully without foreign intervention. Both would refrain from having military alliances and foreign military presence in their territories. The North and the South would discuss the release of POWs. The Americans would have to bear all responsibilities for the damage incurred in Vietnam during the war.

  • June 10, 1969

    The Action Agenda of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam

    The Twelve-Point Action Agenda of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam. The points include continuing the war against the Americans and forcing the US to withdraw from Vietnam, eliminating the government of South Vietnam, creating an inclusive provisional government with the participation of other political groups, guaranteeing human rights and equality, improving workers' lives, guaranteeing the rights of students, intellectuals, businesses, increasing production, improving cultural life and education, granting amnesty for people working for the former regime, alleviating the consequences of war, reestablishing normal relations with the North, negotiating reunification peacefully, establishing diplomatic relations with all countries, refraining from having military alliances, supporting the independence movement in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

  • August 04, 1969

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Romanian Executive Committee Regarding US President Richard Nixon’s Visit to Romania (2-3 August), and the Discussions that Took Place on that Occasion

    Minutes from a meeting of the RCP CC Executive Committee, discussing a meeting between Romanian officials and Nixon's delegation from the United States. They discuss how Nixon proposed they come to some agreement on a peaceful resolution in Vietnam, guaranteeing South Vietnamese sovereignty and democratic elections. On this, both parties agree. They also briefly discuss American industrial and scientific progress.